Zlate Hory
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Zlate Hory
Zlaté Hory
Town
View of the town from Biskupská kupa
View of the town from Biskupská kupa
Flag of Zlaté Hory
Coat of arms of Zlaté Hory
Etymology: Golden Mountains
Zlaté Hory is located in Czech Republic
Zlaté Hory
Zlaté Hory
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°15?17?N 17°23?38?E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389Coordinates: 50°15?17?N 17°23?38?E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389
Country Czech Republic
RegionOlomouc
DistrictJeseník
First mentioned1263
Government
 o MayorMilan Rác
Area
 o Total85.94 km2 (33.18 sq mi)
Elevation
390 m (1,280 ft)
Population
(2020-01-01[1])
 o Total3,748
 o Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
739 76
Websitezlatehory.cz

Zlaté Hory (Czech pronunciation: ['zlat?: '?or?]; until 1948 Cukmantl, German: Zuckmantel) is a town in the Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic, on the border with Poland. It has about 3,700 inhabitants. It is located in Czech Silesia.

Administrative parts

Villages of Dolní Údolí, Horní Údolí, Ond?ejovice, Rejvíz, Ro?mitál and Salisov are administrative parts of Zlaté Hory.

History

The golden mines in the Zlaté Hory area were first mentioned in a document from 1224. Zlaté Hory (under its old name Cukmantl) was first mentioned in 1263.[2] In the Middle Ages, it was disputed and changed owners several times between Czech dukes from the houses of P?emyslid and Podiebrad on one side, and Polish dukes from the Piast dynasty and bishops of Wroc?aw on the other. It was eventually purchased by the bishopric in the 1470s, and included within the ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa, under suzerainty of the Bohemian (Czech) Crown. In 1850, the duchy was secularized and dissolved, and the town was incorporated directly to the Bohemian Crown, then under Austrian rule.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 4,520 inhabitants, 4,341 of whom had permanent residence there, 100% were German-speaking. Most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 4,441 (98.3%).[3] Following World War I, it was part of Czechoslovakia.

During the German occupation (World War II), the occupiers operated four forced labour subcamps (E256, E446, E779, E786) of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp in the town.[4] On 29 January 1945, German SS soldiers were conducting a death march in the area and murdered 138 prisoners on a road from Konradów.[5]

Gold mining

The town has a long history of gold mining. First written accounts are from the 13th century but scientists estimate that gold mining there began already at the end of the 10th century. In 1990', mining operations were stopped as they were no longer profitable. However, as of 2015, there is a possibility that the mines will be opened again because the price of gold (in USD) has risen five times since then. The estimated amount of gold in the mines is from 3 to 9 tons.[6] The name Zlaté hory can be translated as Golden Mountains.

Sights

Sights of Zlaté Hory (examples)
Municipal Museum
Town hall
Baroque Holy Cross church
Baroque Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary
Interior of the Church of the Assumption
Baroque Saint Joseph statue at Nám?stí Svobody
  • Nám?stí Svobody ("Freedom Square"), the main square filled with historic buildings, including the Municipal Museum, town hall and restaurants, and the Baroque statue of Saint Joseph
  • Baroque church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary
  • Baroque church of the Holy Cross
  • Baroque chapel of Saint Roch
  • Edel?tejn, Leuchten?tejn and Kobr?tejn - ruins of the castles
  • The Church of Virgin Mary, the Helpful
  • Biskupská kupa, a mountain with Emperor Franz Josef Observation Tower - the oldest observation tower in the Eastern Sudetes

Notable people

Kurt Knispel (1921-1945), German tank commander

Twin towns - sister cities

Zlaté Hory is twinned with:[7]

Zlaté Hory also cooperates with Prague 1 and Mikulovice in the Czech Republic.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities - 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "Historie Zlatých Hor". zlatehory.cz (in Czech). M?sto Zlaté Hory. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  4. ^ "Working Parties". Lamsdorf.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ Procházka, Petr (2007), P?íb?hy z pohrani?í (1st ed.), Jeseník: Hnutí Brontosaurus Jeseníky, p. 74
  6. ^ "?esko zva?uje, ?e obnoví tbu zlata - Novinky.cz".
  7. ^ a b "Partnerská m?sta a obce". zlatehory.cz (in Czech). M?sto Zlaté Hory. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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