|Etymology: Golden Mountains|
|o Mayor||Milan Rác|
|o Total||85.94 km2 (33.18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||390 m (1,280 ft)|
|o Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
Zlaté Hory (Czech pronunciation: ['zlat?: '?or?]; until 1948 Cukmantl, German: Zuckmantel) is a town in the Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic, on the border with Poland. It has about 3,700 inhabitants. It is located in Czech Silesia.
Villages of Dolní Údolí, Horní Údolí, Ond?ejovice, Rejvíz, Ro?mitál and Salisov are administrative parts of Zlaté Hory.
The golden mines in the Zlaté Hory area were first mentioned in a document from 1224. Zlaté Hory (under its old name Cukmantl) was first mentioned in 1263. In the Middle Ages, it was disputed and changed owners several times between Czech dukes from the houses of P?emyslid and Podiebrad on one side, and Polish dukes from the Piast dynasty and bishops of Wroc?aw on the other. It was eventually purchased by the bishopric in the 1470s, and included within the ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa, under suzerainty of the Bohemian (Czech) Crown. In 1850, the duchy was secularized and dissolved, and the town was incorporated directly to the Bohemian Crown, then under Austrian rule.
According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 4,520 inhabitants, 4,341 of whom had permanent residence there, 100% were German-speaking. Most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 4,441 (98.3%). Following World War I, it was part of Czechoslovakia.
During the German occupation (World War II), the occupiers operated four forced labour subcamps (E256, E446, E779, E786) of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp in the town. On 29 January 1945, German SS soldiers were conducting a death march in the area and murdered 138 prisoners on a road from Konradów.
The town has a long history of gold mining. First written accounts are from the 13th century but scientists estimate that gold mining there began already at the end of the 10th century. In 1990', mining operations were stopped as they were no longer profitable. However, as of 2015 The name Zlaté hory can be translated as Golden Mountains., there is a possibility that the mines will be opened again because the price of gold (in USD) has risen five times since then. The estimated amount of gold in the mines is from 3 to 9 tons.
Kurt Knispel (1921-1945), German tank commander