 Zero-dimensional Space
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Zero-dimensional Space

In mathematics, a zero-dimensional topological space (or nildimensional space) is a topological space that has dimension zero with respect to one of several inequivalent notions of assigning a dimension to a given topological space. A graphical illustration of a nildimensional space is a point.

## Definition

Specifically:

• A topological space is zero-dimensional with respect to the Lebesgue covering dimension if every open cover of the space has a refinement which is a cover by disjoint open sets.
• A topological space is zero-dimensional with respect to the finite-to-finite covering dimension if every finite open cover of the space has a refinement that is a finite open cover such that any point in the space is contained in exactly one open set of this refinement.
• A topological space is zero-dimensional with respect to the small inductive dimension if it has a base consisting of clopen sets.

The three notions above agree for separable, metrisable spaces.[][clarification needed]

## Properties of spaces with small inductive dimension zero

• A zero-dimensional Hausdorff space is necessarily totally disconnected, but the converse fails. However, a locally compact Hausdorff space is zero-dimensional if and only if it is totally disconnected. (See (Arhangel'skii & Tkachenko 2008, Proposition 3.1.7, p.136) for the non-trivial direction.)
• Zero-dimensional Polish spaces are a particularly convenient setting for descriptive set theory. Examples of such spaces include the Cantor space and Baire space.
• Hausdorff zero-dimensional spaces are precisely the subspaces of topological powers $2^{I}$ where $2=\{0,1\}$ is given the discrete topology. Such a space is sometimes called a Cantor cube. If I is countably infinite, $2^{I}$ is the Cantor space.

## Hypersphere

The zero-dimensional hypersphere is a pair of points. The zero-dimensional ball is a point.

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