Zemiaki Language
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Zemiaki Language
Native toAfghanistan
RegionNuristan Province
Native speakers
500 (1999)
Language codes
(included in [nli])

Zemiaki (Zamyaki) is a Nuristani language spoken by some 400-500 people in the Kunar Province of Afghanistan.[1]

It is named after the settlement in which it is spoken, from the Pashto Zemyaki ba "language of Zemyaki", the native equivalent being J?amlám-am ba?á. It is closely related to Waigali, and ancestors of the Zemyakis were, according to local tradition, Waigalis who migrated into the area several centuries ago.[1] The language spoken in the surrounding areas is Pashto, and it has been a source of a large number of lexical borrowings, including several common conjunctions.[2]

There is no grammatical gender, but number and person are marked on the verb,[3] following a split-ergative pattern of agreement.[4]


  1. ^ a b Grünberg 1999, p. 123.
  2. ^ Grünberg 1999, pp. 123, 125.
  3. ^ Grünberg 1999, pp. 124.
  4. ^ Grünberg 1999, pp. 125.


  • Grünberg, A.L. (1999). "Zemiaki jazyk/dialekt". In Edelman, D.I. (ed.). Jazyki mira: Dardskie i nuristanskie jazyki (in Russian). Moscow: Indrik. pp. 123-125. ISBN 585759085X.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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