Ystad
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Ystad
Ystad
Ystad stortorget.jpg
Apotekshusen i Ystad.jpg
Ystad Saltsjöbad.jpg
Coat of arms of Ystad
Ystad is located in Scania
Ystad
Ystad
Ystad is located in Sweden
Ystad
Ystad
Ystad is located in European Union
Ystad
Ystad
Coordinates: 55°25?N 13°50?E / 55.417°N 13.833°E / 55.417; 13.833Coordinates: 55°25?N 13°50?E / 55.417°N 13.833°E / 55.417; 13.833
CountrySweden
ProvinceScania
CountyScania County
MunicipalityYstad Municipality
Area
 o Total8.65 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2015)[1]
 o Total28,985
 o Density2,120/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
UTC+2 (CEST)

Ystad (Swedish pronunciation: ['y?:sta(d)];[2] older Danish: Ysted) is a town and the seat of Ystad Municipality, in Scania County, Sweden. Ystad had 18,350 inhabitants in 2010.[1] The settlement dates from the 11th century and has become a busy ferryport, local administrative centre, and tourist attraction. The detective series Wallander, created by Henning Mankell, is set primarily in Ystad.[3]

In 1285, the town's name was written Ystath. Its original meaning is not fully understood, but the y probably is related to an old word for the yew tree,[4] while stad means town or place.

History

Street plan of Ystad in c.1850.

After the time of Absalon, Bishop of Roskilde and Archbishop of Lund, peace was brought to the area in the 11th century, fishing families settled at the mouth of the river Vassa as herring fishing became the main source of trade. Ystad was not mentioned in documents until 1244, in a record of King Eric's visit to the town with his brother, Abel. A Franciscan monastery, Gråbrödraklostret, was founded in 1267, and Ystad joined the Hanseatic League in the 14th century.

The charter of 1599 gave the town the right to export oxen. Ystad, together with all of Scania, was transferred from Denmark to Sweden following the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658.[5][6]

By 1866 Ystad had a railway connection and it was established as a garrison town in the 1890s. After World War II, ferry services to Poland and to the Danish island of Bornholm were opened.

Demographics

In 1658, Ystad's population was about 1,600 and, by 1850 it had reached 5,000. The increased importance brought by the railway and the garrison in the 1890s drove the population above 10,000.[6]

In culture

In his book Inferno (1897), August Strindberg describes Ystad like so:

The little town to which I now betook myself lies in the extreme south of Sweden, on the seacoast. It is an old pirates' and smugglers' haunt, in which exotic traces of all parts of the world have been left by various voyagers.[7]

Ystad is the setting of the Swedish crime drama Wallander.[8][9]

Infrastructure

Economy

Some of the main industries of the town are trade, handicraft and tourism, derived from being one of the best-preserved medieval towns in the Scania province and its association with the Wallander detective novels.[]

Transport

The ferry terminal, and behind it, Ystad railway station

The ferry port has services to the Danish island of Bornholm, to Sassnitz in Germany,[10] and to ?winouj?cie (formerly Swinemünde) in Poland, the latter forming part of the E65 road route south from Malmö.

Ystad connects the Ystad Line and Österlen Line railways. Passenger traffic runs between Malmö and Simrishamn (operated by Skåne Commuter Rail). Until December 2017, a direct train service linked Ystad to Copenhagen via the Øresund Bridge (operated by Danish State Railways[11]).

Sports

The most popular sport in Ystad is handball, with two big clubs. Ystads IF is in Elitserien (the highest Swedish men's national league, as of 2008) whilst IFK Ystad is situated in Division 1 (the second highest league, as of 2008). Several famous handball players have played for these clubs, including Per Carlén.

Media

The only newspaper published at present in Ystad is the Ystads Allehanda, which also covers the neighbouring municipalities of Skurup, Tomelilla, Simrishamn and Sjöbo. The newspaper was founded in 1873.[12]

Places of interest

One of Sweden's best preserved medieval monasteries, the Greyfriars Abbey, lies in Ystad. The town also has an additional large medieval church, the Church of the Virgin Mary (Mariakyrkan). Both are highly influenced by Gothic Hansa architecture (which can also be seen in churches around the Baltic Sea, for instance in Helsingborg, Malmö, and Rostock) and are among the best examples in Sweden of Brick Gothic. In addition, there are areas of surviving medieval town architecture, like the Latin school (built c. 1500) and several townhouses. The city is also included in the European Route of Brick Gothic. From the steeple of the Church of the Virgin Mary the Tower Watchman (tornväktaren or lurblåsaren) sounds his horn every 15 minutes from 21:15 to 01:00 to let the people of Ystad know that the town is safe from fire and enemies. The Tower Watchman also says a special line when sounding his horn: "The clock strikes .... (for example twelve). All is quiet! From fire and thieves may God preserve the town!" The tradition has existed since the eighteenth century.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 28.
  3. ^ "On the Kurt Wallander trail in Ystad, Sweden | The Independent". 2017-05-01. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Svenskt ortnamnslexikon, 2003
  5. ^ "Ystad's history in a nutshell". Ystads kommun. 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Ystads befolkningsutveckling 1570-1995 (Swedish)". cybercity. 2011. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ Strindberg, August (1913). "The Inferno". Project Gutenberg. Translated by Claud Field. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Wallander's Ystad | Visit Sweden". visitsweden.com. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Wallander - Ystads kommun". www.ystad.se. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Ferry Germany - Sweden". FRS Baltic. Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ "Last direct train to Copenhagen (Swedish)". DSB. 11 December 2017. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Ystads Allehanda site

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ystad
 



 



 
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