|Governorate of Russian Empire, Ukrainian State, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic|
A historic map of the Yekaterinoslav Governorate.
|27 February 1802|
|1 August 1925|
|Political subdivisions||uezds: 8 (9 1874-85)|
|Today part of||Ukraine|
The Yekaterinoslav Governorate (Russian: ; translit.: Yekaterinoslavskaya guberniya; Ukrainian: ? ) or Government of Yekaterinoslav was a governorate in the Russian Empire. Another name for it was Katerynoslavshchyna. Its capital was the city of Yekaterinoslav (modern Dnipro). Its territory lies within what is now Ukraine.
The government was created in 1802 out of the Yekaterinoslav vice-regency. It is located within the former lands of Zaporizhian Sich. The governorate bordered to the north with the Kharkov Governorate and Poltava Governorate, to the west and southwest with the Kherson Governorate, to the south with the Taurida Governorate and Sea of Azov, and to the east with Don Host Oblast.
The governorate was created in place of Novorossiysk Governorate in 1802 and encompassed a huge area of the southern Ukraine. Officially, the new governorate was created as Ekaterinoslav Governorate in 1802 and subdivided into the following uyezds with centres in:
List of okruhas of Ukraine upon the dissolution of the Governorate:
The governorate's population, a majority of peasants, was 662,000 in 1811, 902,400 in 1851, 1,204,800 in 1863, and 1,792,800 in 1885. From the second half of the 19th century, with the founding of Yuzovka (Donetsk), the governorate became the coal-mining and metallurgical center of the then Ukraine, incorporating the Dnieper Industrial Region and the Donbass (Donets Basin).
Its population increased to 2,113,674 by 1897. The nationalities within the governorate were: Russians (then divided into archaic categorisation of Little Russian (i.e. Ukrainian) speakers - 68.9% and Great Russian speakers - 17.3%), Jews (4.7%), Germans (3.8%), Greeks (2.3%), and Tatars (0.8%). In 1924, the governorate had 3,424,100 (13.6% urban) inhabitants, living in 5,165 settlements, 36 of them being cities and urban-type settlements. The largest social class was that of workers (about 25%).
The data is taken from demoscope.ru. Here is also the most common language composition.
From the turn of the 19th century until 1887 city of Rostov-na-Donu and all the Taganrog uyezd were part of the governorate, but before the census of 1897 took place they were transferred to the Don oblast. Note that the biggest city of the guberniya was the city of Rostov-na-Donu while Taganrog was not much smaller and the third in size. Here is the data on them:
|Native language||Yekaterinoslav Governorate
|For each uyezd (district)|
? ? 
? ? 
? ? 
|Little Russian (Ukrainian)||1,456,269||68.90%||198,982||200,434||193,510||242,737||117,206||224,122||88,218||191,160|
|Romanian and Moldovan||9,175||0.43%||1,771||29||6,371||0||95||2||839||68|
|Religion||Number||percentage (%)||males||females||In the cities||Outside the cities|
|Old Believers and deviants from orthodoxy||9,393||0.44%||4,699||4,694||421||8,972|