Western Bloc
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Western Bloc
The "Three Worlds" of the Cold War era, April – August 1975
  First World: Western Bloc led by the USA, Japan, United Kingdom and their allies
  Second World: Eastern Bloc led by the USSR, China, and their allies
  Third World: Non-Aligned Movement (led by India and Yugoslavia) and other neutral countries
Political situation in Europe during the Cold War

The Western Bloc, also known as the Free Bloc, the Capitalist Bloc, and the American Bloc, was a coalition of countries that were officially allied with the United States during the Cold War of 1947-1991. It was spearheaded by the member states of NATO, but also included countries that advocated anti-communism and anti-socialism, and likewise were opposed to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. The term was used to distinguish this anti-Soviet grouping from its pro-Soviet counterpart: the Eastern Bloc. Throughout the protracted period marked by Soviet-American tensions, the governments and the press of the Western Bloc were more inclined to refer to themselves as the Free World or the First World, whereas the Eastern Bloc was often referred to as the "Communist World" or more formally as the "Second World".

1947-1991 Western Bloc associations

NATO

* Indicates founding member state

Five Eyes

ANZUS

Non-NATO member states of the European Union

Anti-Soviet communist or socialist states (until 1989)

Compact of Free Association

METO, Baghdad Pact, CENTO (until 1979)

Rio Treaty

SEATO (until 1977)

Map of SEATO members in 1959, shown in blue

Middle East/North Africa Region

Asia, Southeast Asian and Oceania Partners

GUAM/GUUAM

Others

Post-1991 Western-aligned associations

NATO

* Indicates pre-1991 member state

Major non-NATO ally (MNNA)

Non-NATO member states of the European Union

Middle Eastern Partners

Asia, South East Asian and Oceania Partners

Inter-American Partners

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

GUAM

Others

See also

Notes

Sources


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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