Wakayama Prefecture
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Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture

?
Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese?
 o R?majiWakayama-ken
Flag of Wakayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Wakayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Wakayama Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
IslandHonsh?
CapitalWakayama (city)
SubdivisionsDistricts: 6, Municipalities: 30
Government
 o GovernorYoshinobu Nisaka
Area
 o Total4,724.69 km2 (1,824.21 sq mi)
Area rank30th
Population
(1 October 2017)
 o Total944,320
 o Rank39th
 o Density199.87/km2 (517.7/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-30
Websitewww.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/
Symbols
BirdJapanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
FlowerUme blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeUbame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)

Wakayama Prefecture (?, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.[1](p1026) Wakayama Prefecture has a population of 944,320 (as of 1 October 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,724 square kilometres (1,824 sq mi). Wakayama Prefecture borders Osaka Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture and Nara Prefecture to the northeast.

Wakayama is the capital and largest city of Wakayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Tanabe, Hashimoto, and Kinokawa.[2](p1025) Wakayama Prefecture is located on the western coast of the Kii Peninsula on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku.

History

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii.[3]

1953 flood disaster

On July 17-18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed report by the Government of Japan, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[]

Geography

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village

As of 31 March 2020, 13 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai and Yoshino-Kumano National Parks; Kong?-Ikoma-Kisen and K?ya-Ry?jin Quasi-National Parks; and Enju Kaigan, Hatenashi Sanmyaku, Hikigawa, J?gamori Hokodai, K?yasanch? Ishimichi-Tamagawaky?, Kozagawa, Nishiarida, Oishi K?gen, ?t?san, Ry?monzan, Shiramisan-Wadagawaky?, and Shirasaki Kaigan Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
R?maji Kanji
Flag of Arida, Wakayama.svg Arida 36.91 27,963 Arida in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Gobo Wakayama.JPG Gob? 43.78 27,483 Gobo in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hashimoto, Wakayama.svg Hashimoto 130.31 62,941 Hashimoto in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iwade, Wakayama.svg Iwade 38.5 53,280 Iwade in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kainan Wakayama.JPG Kainan 101.18 51,112 Kainan in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kinokawa Wakayama.JPG Kinokawa ? 228.24 61,850 Kinokawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shingu, Wakayama.svg Shing? 255.43 255.43 Shingu in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tanabe, Wakayama.png Tanabe 1,026.91 70,410 Tanabe in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wakayama, Wakayama.svg Wakayama (capital) ? 210.25 360,664 Wakayama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
R?maji Kanji
Flag of Aridagawa, Wakayama.svg Aridagawa ? 351.77 26,245 Arida District Town Aridagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hidaka Wakayama.JPG Hidaka 46.42 7,666 Hidaka District Town Hidaka in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hidakagawa, Wakayama.svg Hidakagawa ? 331.61 9,615 Hidaka District Town Hidakagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hirogawa Wakayama.JPG Hirogawa 65.35 7,059 Arida District Town Hirogawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Inami Wakayama.svg Inami 113.63 7,949 Hidaka District Town Inami in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamitonda Wakayama.svg Kamitonda ? 57.49 15,047 Nishimuro District Town Kamitonda in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Katsuragi Wakayama.JPG Katsuragi 151.73 16,686 Ito District Town Katsuragi in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kimino Wakayama.svg Kimino ? 128.31 8,989 Kais? District Town Kimino in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitayama Wakayama.svg Kitayama 48.21 432 Higashimuro District Village Kitayama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Koya Wakayama.JPG K?ya 137.08 3,279 Ito District Town Koya in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kozagawa Wakayama.JPG Kozagawa ? 294.52 2,749 Higashimuro District Town Kozagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kudoyama Wakayama.JPG Kudoyama ? 44.19 4,295 Ito District Town Kudoyama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kushimoto Wakayama.JPG Kushimoto 135.78 16,243 Higashimuro District Town Kushimoto in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mihama Wakayama.JPG Mihama 12.79 7,391 Hidaka District Town Mihama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minabe, Wakayama.svg Minabe ? 120.26 12,561 Hidaka District Town Minabe in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nachikatsuura, Wakayama.svg Nachikatsuura 183.45 17,261 Higashimuro District Town Nachikatsuura in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shirahama Wakayama.svg Shirahama 201.04 23,325 Nishimuro District Town Shirahama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Susami Wakayama.JPG Susami ? 174.71 4,011 Nishimuro District Town Susami in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taiji Wakayama.JPG Taiji 5.96 3,428 Higashimuro District Town Taiji in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yuasa Wakayama.JPG Yuasa 20.8 11,960 Arida District Town Yuasa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yura Wakayama.JPG Yura 30.74 5,738 Hidaka District Town Yura in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Demographics

Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kansai region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan with a population of 944,320.

Politics

List of Governor of Wakayama (1947 to present)

Culture

Mount K?ya (, K?ya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site.[5]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

Agriculture

Orange

Wakayama Prefecture ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years,[6] yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today.[7] Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges.[8]

Japanese apricot (Ume)

According to the survey by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots (?, Ume) in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots.[9]

Sister relationships

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with seven places outside Japan:[10] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; Bakersfield, California and Galicia, Spain.

Tourism

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Transportation

Rail

Road

Expressway

  • Hanwa Expressway
  • Keinawa Expressway
  • Yuasa Gobo Road
  • Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway

Ferry

Airport

Education

Universities

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ ? [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ UNESCO.org
  6. ^ ? Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  7. ^ ? Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  8. ^ JA Arida website, accessed May 31, 2017
  9. ^ ?()? The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, accessed June 1, 2017
  10. ^ ? Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine Wakayama Prefecture website, retrieved May 16, 2008

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°3?N 135°21?E / 34.050°N 135.350°E / 34.050; 135.350


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