|Voiced palatal affricate|
|IPA Number||108 (139)|
|Unicode (hex)||U+025F U+0361 U+029D|
The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨⟩ and ⟨⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
J\_j\. The tie bar may be omitted, yielding ⟨⟩ in the IPA and
J\j\ in X-SAMPA.
It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.
Features of the voiced palatal affricate:
|Asturian||Western dialects||muyyer||[mu'e?]||'woman'||Alternate evolution of -lj-, -c'l-, pl-, cl- and fl- in the Brañas Vaqueiras area of Western Asturias. May be also realized as or|
|Hungarian||gyár||[a:r]||'factory'||See Hungarian phonology|
|Norwegian||Central and Western dialects||leggja||[leja]||'lay'||See Norwegian phonology|
|Skolt Sami||vuõ?lem||[v?u?l:?m]||'I leave'|
|Spanish||Castilian||yate||['jate?]||'yacht'||Occurs only in the onset. In free variation with the fricative/approximant /?/ elsewhere. See Spanish phonology|