Voiced Palatal Affricate
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Voiced Palatal Affricate
Voiced palatal affricate
IPA Number108 (139)
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɟ​͡​ʝ
Unicode (hex)U+025F U+0361 U+029D
X-SAMPAJ\_j\
Audio sample

The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨⟩ and ⟨⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is J\_j\. The tie bar may be omitted, yielding ⟨⟩ in the IPA and J\j\ in X-SAMPA.

This sound is the non-sibilant equivalent of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate.

It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.

Features

Features of the voiced palatal affricate:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Albanian Various dialects[1] gjë [?] 'thing'
Asturian Western dialects [es][2] muyyer [mu'e?] 'woman' Alternate evolution of -lj-, -c'l-, pl-, cl- and fl- in the Brañas Vaqueiras area of Western Asturias. May be also realized as or
Hungarian gyár [a:r] 'factory' See Hungarian phonology
Norwegian Central and Western dialects[3] leggja [leja] 'lay' See Norwegian phonology
Skolt Sami vuõ?lem [v?u?l:?m] 'I leave'
Spanish Castilian[4] yate ['jate?] 'yacht' Occurs only in the onset. In free variation with the fricative/approximant /?/ elsewhere. See Spanish phonology

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Palatal controversies Péter Siptár(2013)
  2. ^ "Tinéu. Mapa del conceyu | El Teixu" (in Asturian). Retrieved .
  3. ^ Skjekkeland (1997:96-100)
  4. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:258)

References

  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255-259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373
  • Menéndez García, Manuel (1965), El Cuarto de los Valles (Un habla del occidente astur) (in Spanish), IDEA, pp. 147-148
  • Skjekkeland, Martin (1997), Dei norske dialektane: Tradisjonelle særdrag i jamføring med skriftmåla (in Norwegian), Høyskoleforlaget (Norwegian Academic Press)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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