Voiced Bilabial Plosive
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Voiced Bilabial Plosive
Voiced bilabial plosive
IPA Number102
Audio sample
Entity (decimal)b
Unicode (hex)U+0062
Braille? (braille pattern dots-12)

The voiced bilabial plosive or stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in obey [obe?] (obeI).


Voiced bilabial plosive.svg

Features of the voiced bilabial stop:


IPA Description
b plain b
b? labialised
b semi-labialised
b strongly labialised
b? palatalised
b? breathy voiced
b? velarised


Occurrence of [b] in several languages
Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe ? / b 'nine'
Arabic Standard[1] / baab / b?b [ba:b] 'door' See Arabic phonology
Assyrian baba [ba:ba] 'father'
Armenian Eastern[2] ?/bari 'kind'
Basque bero [be?o] 'hot'
Bengali ? / balo [b?lo] 'say!' Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3] bell ['be?] 'beautiful' See Catalan phonology
Chechen ? / borz [borz] 'wolf'
Chinese Southern Min ? / ban [ban] 'Fujian province' Only in colloquial speech.
Wu ? / bi [bi] 'skin'
Xiang ? / baw [bau] 'to float'
Czech bota ['bota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] boer [bu:r] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback 'aback' See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [ba'talo] 'war' See Esperanto phonology
Filipino buto [buto] 'bone'
French[5] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[6] ? / bav?vi ['bav?vi] 'child'
German aber 'but' See Standard German phonology
Greek / bócha ['bo?xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati ?? / bakri [b?kri] 'goat' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew ? / báyit [bajit] 'house' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindustani Hindi / b?l [bä:l] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version /b?/. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Urdu / b?l
Hungarian baba ['b?b?] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7] bile ['bile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] ? / ban [ba?] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian ??/bg"uy 'nine'
Korean / jibung [tibu?] 'roof' See Korean phonology
Kurdish Northern bav [b?:v] 'father' See Kurdish phonology
Central ?/bâwk [b?:wk]
Southern ?/bâwig [b?:w?g]
Luxembourgish[9] geblosen ['blo:z?n] 'blown' More often voiceless .[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian ??/ubav ['ubav] 'beautiful' See Macedonian phonology
Malay baru [bäru] 'new'
Maltese g?atba [a:t'ba] 'threshold'
Marathi ?? / ba? [b?'?a:?a:] 'potato' See Marathi phonology
Nepali / bo [bä?o] 'path' See Nepali phonology
Norwegian bål ['b?:l] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Odia ?/barô [bär?] 'twelve' Contrasts with aspirated form.
Persian ?/ xub [xub] 'good' See Persian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí ['pìbàóí?] 'parent'
Polish[10] bas 'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11] bato ['batu] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Punjabi /bill? [b?l:i] 'cat'
Romanian[12] bou [bow] 'bull' See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13] ?? / ryba ['r?b?] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[14] ? / bi?e [b?:t] 'being' See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak by? [bi?c] 'to be'
Spanish[15] invertir [?mbe't?i?] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra ['b:] 'good' May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Telugu ? [badi] 'school' Contrasts with aspirated form. Aspirated form is articulated as breathy consonant.
Thai ??? / bam-bàt [bam.bat?] 'therapy' See Thai phonology
Turkish bulut ['bu?ut?] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Tyap bai [bai] 'to come'
Ukrainian[16] ? / brat [br?t?] 'brother' See Ukrainian phonology
Welsh mab [m?:b] 'son' See Welsh phonology
West Frisian bak [bak] 'tray'
Yi ? / bbo [bo?] 'mountain'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[17] bald [bald] 'few'

See also


  1. ^ Thelwall (1990:37)
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:13)
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  5. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  6. ^ Shosted & Chikovani (2006:255)
  7. ^ Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
  8. ^ Okada (1999:117)
  9. ^ a b Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 67-68.
  10. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  11. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  12. ^ DEX Online : [1]
  13. ^ Padgett (2003:42)
  14. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 66.
  15. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  16. ^ Danyenko & Vakulenko (1995), p. 4.
  17. ^ Merrill (2008:108)


  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (1-2): 53-56, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004618, S2CID 249411809
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 25 (2): 90-94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223, S2CID 249414876
  • Danyenko, Andrii; Vakulenko, Serhii (1995), Ukrainian, Lincom Europa, ISBN 9783929075083
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 23 (2): 73-76, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874, S2CID 249404451
  • Gilles, Peter; Trouvain, Jürgen (2013), "Luxembourgish" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (1): 67-74, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000278
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 22 (2): 45-47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X, S2CID 243772965
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (1): 103-107, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001191
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (2): 255-259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquiapan Zapotec" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 38 (1): 107-114, doi:10.1017/S0025100308003344
  • Okada, Hideo (1999), "Japanese", in International Phonetic Association (ed.), Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge University Press, pp. 117-119, ISBN 978-0-52163751-0
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 21 (1): 39-87, doi:10.1023/A:1021879906505, S2CID 13470826
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (1): 117-121, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001628
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 36 (2): 255-264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 20 (2): 37-41, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004266, S2CID 243640727
  • Landau, Ernestina; Lon?ari?, Mijo; Horga, Damir; ?kari?, Ivo (1999), "Croatian", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 66-69, ISBN 978-0-521-65236-0

External links

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