Visa Requirements For Bolivian Citizens
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Visa Requirements For Bolivian Citizens

Visa requirements for Bolivian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bolivia. As of 2 July 2019, Bolivian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 77 countries and territories, ranking the Bolivian passport 67th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Bolivian citizens may use their ID card rather than their passport when travelling to Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.[2]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Bolivian citizens
  Bolivia
  ID card travel
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements

Visa requirements for holders of normal passports travelling for tourist purposes:

Bolivia is an associated member of Mercosur. As such, its citizens enjoy unlimited access to any of the full members (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and other associated members (Chile, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of these nine countries (including Bolivia) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc.[3] Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[4][5]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[6]
 Albania Visa required[7]
 Algeria Visa required[8]
 Andorra Visa required[9]
 Angola Visa required[10]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[11]
 Argentina Visa not required[12] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Argentina under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[13] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[15]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[16]
 Austria Visa required[17]
 Azerbaijan Electronic Entry Visa[18]
 Bahamas Visa not required[19] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[20] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[21]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[22] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[23]
 Barbados Visa required[24]
 Belarus Visa required[25]
  • Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport
    if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[26]
 Belgium Visa required[27]
 Belize Visa not required[28] 30 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[29][30] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[31]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[32]
 Botswana Visa required[33]
 Brazil Visa not required[34] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Brazil under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Brunei Visa required[35]
 Bulgaria Visa required[36]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[37]
 Burundi Visa required[38]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[39] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[40]
 Cameroon Visa required[41]
 Canada Visa required[42]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[43]
  • Not available at all entry points.[44]
 Central African Republic Visa required[45]
 Chad Visa required[46]
 Chile Visa not required[47] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Chile under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 China Visa required[48]
 Colombia Visa not required[49] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Colombia under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[50]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[51]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[52]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[54] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[55]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[56]
 Cyprus Visa required[57]
 Czech Republic Visa required[58]
 Denmark Visa required[59]
 Djibouti eVisa[60] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[61] 6 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[62] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[63] 90 days[64]
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Ecuador under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Egypt Visa on arrival[65] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa required[66]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[67]
 Eritrea Visa required[68]
 Estonia Visa required[69]
 Eswatini Visa required[70]
 Ethiopia eVisa[71] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[72]
 Finland Visa required[73]
 France and territories Visa required[74]
 Gabon eVisa[75]
 Gambia Visa required[76]
 Georgia e-Tourist Visa[77]
 Germany Visa required[78]
 Ghana Visa required[79]
 Greece Visa required[80]
 Grenada Visa required[81]
 Guatemala Visa required[82]
  • Visa not required if holding a valid Canadian, U.S. or Schengen Visa.
 Guinea Visa required[83]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[84] 90 days
 Guyana Visa on arrival[85]
 Haiti Visa not required[86] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[87]
 Hungary Visa required[88]
 Iceland Visa required[89]
 India e-Visa[90] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][91]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[92] 30 days
 Iran Visa not required[93] 30 days[94]
 Iraq Visa required[95]
 Ireland Visa not required[96] 90 days
 Israel Visa required[97]
 Italy Visa required[98]
 Jamaica Visa not required[99] 30 days
 Japan Visa required[100]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[101]
  • Conditions apply.[102]
  • Not available at all entry points.[103]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[104]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[105] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[106]
 North Korea Visa required[107]
 South Korea Visa required[108]
 Kuwait Visa required[109]
 Kyrgyzstan e-Visa[110]
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[112] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[113] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[114]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points -- Wattay International Airport and the First Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa required[115]
 Lebanon Visa required[116]
 Lesotho eVisa[117][118]
 Liberia Visa required[119]
 Libya Visa required[120]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[121]
 Lithuania Visa required[122]
 Luxembourg Visa required[123]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[124] 90 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[125]
 Malaysia Visa not required[126] 1 month
 Maldives Visa on arrival[127] 30 days[64]
 Mali Visa required[128]
 Malta Visa required[129]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[130]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[131]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[132] 60 days
 Mexico Visa not required[133] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[135]
 Monaco Visa required[136]
 Mongolia Visa required[137]
 Montenegro Visa required[138]
 Morocco Visa required[139]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[142] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[143]
 Nauru Visa required[144]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[145] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[146]
 New Zealand Visa required[147]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[150] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[151]
 Nigeria Visa required[152]
 North Macedonia Visa required[153]
 Norway Visa required[154]
 Oman eVisa[155] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[156]
 Palau Visa on arrival[157] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[158] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[159]
 Paraguay Visa not required[160] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Paraguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Peru Visa not required[161] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Peru under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Philippines Visa not required[162] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[163]
 Portugal Visa required[164]
 Qatar Visa not required[165] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[166]
 Russia Visa not required[167] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[168] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[169] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[170] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[171] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[172] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[173]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[174]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[175]
 Senegal Visa required[176]
 Serbia Visa not required[177] 90 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[178] 3 months[64]
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[179]
 Singapore Visa not required[180] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[181]
 Slovenia Visa required[182]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[183]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[184] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[185] 30 days
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[186]
  • Obtainable online[187]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[187]
 Spain Visa required[188]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[189] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[190]
 Suriname E-tourist card[191] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[192]
 Sweden Visa required[193]
  Switzerland Visa required[194]
 Syria Visa required[195]
 Tajikistan eVisa[196][197] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[198][199] 3 months
 Thailand Visa required[200]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[201] 30 days
  • Not available at all entry points.[202]
 Togo Visa on arrival[203] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[204]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[205]
 Tunisia Visa required[206]
 Turkey Visa not required[207] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[208]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[209] 1 month[64]
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[210]
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • May apply online.[211]
 Ukraine eVisa[212] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[213]
 United Kingdom Visa required[214]
 United States Visa required[215]
 Uruguay Visa not required[216] 3 months
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Bolivians can live and work legally in Uruguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Members) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Uzbekistan eVisa[217] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa required[218]
  Vatican City Visa required[219]
 Venezuela Visa not required[220] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid Bolivian identity card that is less than 10 years old.[]
 Vietnam Visa required[221]
 Yemen Visa required[224]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[225] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa[226]

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries

Countries Conditions of access
 Abkhazia Visa required[227]
 Kosovo Visa required[228]
  • Visa not required for holders of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa, a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[229]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[230]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Visa required[231]
 Palestine Visa required[232]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[233]
 Taiwan Visa required[234]
 Transnistria Visa required[235]

Dependent and autonomous territories

Countries Conditions of access Notes
United Kingdom
 Anguilla Visa required[236]
 Bermuda Visa required[237]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[238]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[239]
 Falkland Islands Visa required[240]
 Gibraltar UK visa required[241]
 Guernsey Visa required[242]
 Isle of Man Visa required[243]
 Jersey Visa required[244]
 Montserrat Visa required[245]
 Saint Helena eVisa[246][247]
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required 30 days[248]
 Macau Visa on arrival 30 days[249]
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa required[250]
 Greenland Visa required[251]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa required Visa not required if holding a valid visa or residence permit for a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands (includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba) Visa required[252] Visa not required if holding a valid visa or residence permit for a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
 Curaçao Visa required Visa not required if holding a valid visa or residence permit for a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
 Sint Maarten Visa required Visa not required if holding a valid visa or residence permit for a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
France
 French Guiana Visa not required 90 days
 French Polynesia Visa not required[253]
France French West Indies Visa not required 90 days includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique

France Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy

Visa not required
 Mayotte Visa not required 90 days
 New Caledonia Visa not required [254]
 Réunion Visa not required 90 days
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required 90 days
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required 90 days
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[255]
 Niue Visa not required 30 days[256]
 Tokelau Visa required[257]
United States
 American Samoa Visa required[258]
 Guam Visa required[259]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[260]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[261]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[262]

Non-visa restrictions

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[263] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[264]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[265]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries will increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers when deciding to allow them entry or not or require them to quarantine since recently published research shows that the Pfizer vaccine effect lasts for six months or so.[266]

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[267] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[268] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[269] Philippines,[270] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[271]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[272] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[273] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[274] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[275][276] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[277]

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[278] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[279]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[280] Lebanon,[281] Libya,[282] Sudan,[283] Syria,[284] and Yemen[285] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[286]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[287][288][289] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[290][291][292]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[292] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxar? ?skipara, Barxudarl?, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[293] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[294] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[295]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[296][297] Argentina,[298] Brunei, Cambodia,[299] China,[300] Ethiopia,[301] Ghana, Guinea,[302] India, Japan,[303][304] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[305] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[306] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[307] Singapore, South Korea,[308] Taiwan, Thailand,[309] Uganda[310] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[311][312][313] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[314]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[315] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[316][317]

See also

References and Notes

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Segundo acuerdo modificatorio del anexo del acuerdo sobre documentos de viaje de los Estados parte del Mercosur y Estados associados" (PDF). Mercosur. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "Residir e trabalhar no Mercosul" , www.mercosur.int
  4. ^ "Perguntas mais freqüentes sobre integração regional e MERCOSUL" (in Portuguese). MRE.
  5. ^ "Paraguai assina acordos sobre migração no Mercosul" (in Portuguese). ansa.it.
  6. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  7. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  10. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  11. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  12. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  13. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  14. ^ e-Visa - Republic of Armenia Electronic Visa System
  15. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  16. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
  17. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  18. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  19. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  20. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  21. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service".
  22. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  23. ^ Available at Shahjalal International Airport, Shah Amanat International Airport and Osmani International Airport only.
  24. ^ [1], Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 1 July 2020.
  25. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  26. ^ "Particulars of issuance of entry visas at the "National Airport Minsk" - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus".
  27. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  28. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  29. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  30. ^ eVisa Benin
  31. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  32. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  33. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  34. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  35. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  36. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  37. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  38. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  39. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  42. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  43. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  44. ^ Obtainable at Nelson Mandela International Airport, Cesária Évora Airport, Amílcar Cabral International Airport and Aristides Pereira International Airport.
  45. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  46. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  47. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  48. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  49. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  50. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  53. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  54. ^ [2]
  55. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  56. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  57. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  58. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  59. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  60. ^ eVisa
  61. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  62. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  63. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  64. ^ a b c d Extendable length of stay.
  65. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  66. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  67. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  68. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  69. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  70. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  71. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 2018.
  72. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  73. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  74. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  75. ^ Gabon e-Visa
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  78. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ Visa entry requirements (countries), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guyana, 4 April 2017.
  86. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  89. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  90. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  91. ^ e-Visa
  92. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  93. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  94. ^ https://termehtravel.com/Iran-Visa/Nationality/Bolivia
  95. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  96. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  97. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  98. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  99. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  100. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  101. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  102. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 2014.
  103. ^ Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  105. ^ Republic of Kenya - eCitizen portal
  106. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  109. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  110. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 2014.
  111. ^ "e-VISA". evisa.e-gov.kg. Retrieved 2018.
  112. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  113. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People's Democratic Republic. Retrieved 2018.
  114. ^ [3]
  115. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ eVisa Lesotho
  118. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  121. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  122. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  123. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  124. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  125. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  128. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  129. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  130. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  131. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  132. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  133. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  134. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  135. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  136. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  137. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  138. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  143. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  146. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  147. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  148. ^ "Information about: Transit Visa". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 2021.
  149. ^ "Information about: Australian Resident Visa". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 2020. Australian citizens and permanent residents can visit, work and live in New Zealand. You do not need a visa before you travel to New Zealand.
  150. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  151. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  152. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  155. ^ Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police - eVisa
  156. ^ [4]
  157. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  162. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  163. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  164. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  165. ^ "Qatar Visas".
  166. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  167. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  168. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  169. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  170. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  171. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  172. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  173. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  174. ^ e-Visa STP
  175. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  176. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  177. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  179. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  180. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  181. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  182. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  183. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  184. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  185. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  186. ^ https://www.evisa.gov.ss/eligibility
  187. ^ a b https://www.evisa.gov.ss/
  188. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  189. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ [5]
  192. ^ Who can apply for E-Visa?
  193. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  194. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  195. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa".
  198. ^ eVisa Tanzania
  199. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  200. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  201. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  202. ^ Obtainable at the Presidente Nicolau Lobato International Airport or at the Dili Sea Port.
  203. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  204. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  205. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  206. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  208. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  209. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  210. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  211. ^ Uganda Electronic Visa/Permit Application System
  212. ^ "Homepage - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine".
  213. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  214. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  215. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  216. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  217. ^ Official electronic visa portal of the Republic of Uzbekistan
  218. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  219. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  220. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  221. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  222. ^ "Phu Quoc Island Vietnam Visa on Arrival - Now Available".
  223. ^ "No visa required for tourists to Phu Quoc on short stay - Vietsea Tourist - Travel to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand | Vietnam Travel Tours".
  224. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  225. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  226. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  227. ^ "MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS REPUBLIC OF ABKHAZIA". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved .
  228. ^ "Visas For Foreign Citizens - For Kosovo Citizens - Consular Services - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo.
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  230. ^ "VISA Regulations". Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
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  232. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
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  234. ^ "?".
  235. ^ " - ? ?". .
  236. ^ Visa requirements for Anguilla, Government of Anguilla, October 2016.
  237. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  238. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  239. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  240. ^ Immigration Ordinance 1999, Falkland Islands Government, 31 July 2017.
  241. ^ Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  242. ^ "Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved .
  243. ^ "Immigration Details for the Isle of Man". Archived from the original on 2014-06-29. Retrieved .
  244. ^ States of Jersey. "Visa and passport requirements for visitors".
  245. ^ Countries not requiring a visa, Immigration Department of Montserrat.
  246. ^ "Saint Helena eVisa". Saint Helena Government.
  247. ^ "VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR VISITING ST HELENA". St Helena Government. 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  248. ^ Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  249. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
  250. ^ "Passport and visa". Visit Faroe Islands. Archived from the original on 2014-07-20. Retrieved .
  251. ^ "Advice & Services for travelling to and staying in Greenland".
  252. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  253. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  254. ^ Ruling of 22 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of New Caledonia, Légifrance (in French).
  255. ^ Visas and immigration, Discover Cook Islands.
  256. ^ Travelling to Niue, Niue Tourism Office.
  257. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-15. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  258. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
  259. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  260. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  261. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  262. ^ Travel without a visa, United States Department of State.
  263. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  264. ^ Agence régionale de sante Guyane (September 2, 2018). "Fièvre jaune" (in French). Retrieved 2019.
  265. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  266. ^ Ian, Sample (1 April 2021). "Pfizer vaccine has 91% efficacy for up to six months, trial shows". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021. He said scientists had become "terribly worried" about the variant's ability to evade immunity from previous infection or vaccination. "Studies like this confirm our sense that the vaccine gives such massive protective headroom that even with some loss of immunity, you're still safe," he said.
  267. ^ Bahrain government website
  268. ^ "PASSPORTS AND VISA | GoIsrael - the Official Website of Tourism to Israel".
  269. ^ "Government Of Peru Requires Six-Month Validity On Passports To Enter Peru". Traveling & Living in Peru. Retrieved 2021.
  270. ^ "Bureau of Immigration of the Republic of the Philippines". Retrieved 2021.
  271. ^ Timatic
  272. ^ "Maldives Reduces Passport Validity Requirement of Minimum 6 Months to Just 1 Month". Corporate Maldives. Retrieved 2021.
  273. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Embassy of Japan in New Zealand. Retrieved 2021. 15. How long does my passport need to be valid in order to enter Japan? Japan does not have any regulations relating to passport validity, so long as your passport will be valid until after you leave Japan.
  274. ^ "Entering the UK". Gov.UK. Retrieved 2021. You're not from an EEA country: you must have a valid passport to enter the UK. It should be valid for the whole of your stay.
  275. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  276. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  277. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany - Passports expired within the last year / ID's expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria - Valid ordinary passport
  278. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  279. ^ Mar 18, INDIATIMES NEWS NETWORK /; 2005; Ist, 12:31. "No entry for Modi into US: visa denied | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved .CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  281. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  282. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved .
  283. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved .
  284. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
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  287. ^ "2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Azerbaijan". U.S. Department of State. Office of the Inspector General. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 2021. Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killing; torture; arbitrary detention; harsh and sometimes life-threatening prison conditions; political prisoners; arbitrary interference with privacy; politically motivated reprisal against individuals outside the country; pervasive problems with the independence of the judiciary; heavy restrictions on free expression, the press, and the internet, including violence against journalists, the criminalization of libel and slander, harassment and incarceration of journalists on questionable charges, and blocking of websites; substantial interference with the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of association; restrictions on freedom of movement; severe restrictions on political participation; systemic government corruption; police brutality against individuals based on sexual orientation; and existence of the worst forms of child labour. Significant human rights issues connected with the Nagorno-Karabakh armed conflict included unlawful killings, civilian casualties, and inhuman treatment. The government did not prosecute or punish the majority of officials who committed human rights abuses; impunity remained a problem.
  288. ^ "ECRI REPORT ON AZERBAIJAN (fifth monitoring cycle)" (PDF). European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI). Council of Europe. Retrieved 2021. there is a conflict-ridden domestic political discourse and Azerbaijan's leadership, education system and media are very prolific in their denigration of Armenians. Political opponents are accused of having Armenian roots or of receiving funds from Armenian sources. An entire generation of Azerbaijanis has now grown up listening to constant rhetoric of Armenian aggression. According to a 2012 survey, 91% perceived Armenia as Azerbaijan's greatest enemy. As a result, the Armenians living in the country need to hide their ethnic affiliation and there is no organisation of the Armenian minority in the country with which ECRI's delegation could have met. The human rights activists Leyla and Arif Yunus, who worked inter alia towards reconciliation with Armenia, have been arrested and sentenced under controversial accusations to heavy prison terms.
  289. ^ The Caucasus: Frozen Conflicts and Closed Borders: Hearing Before The Committee On Foreign Affairs House Of Representatives One Hundred Tenth Congress Second Session (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2021. Our goal is the complete elimination of Armenians. You, Nazis, already eliminated the Jews in the 1930s and 40s, right? You should be able to understand us.
  290. ^ Kucera, Joshua (5 July 2017). "Russia Complains To Azerbaijan About Discrimination Against Armenians". Eurasianet, an independent news organization. Retrieved 2021. Russia has formally complained to Azerbaijan about "ethnic discrimination" against Russian citizens of Armenian origin, saying that 25 Russians so far this year have been denied entry to Azerbaijan because they had Armenian names. #"Russian citizens arriving in Azerbaijan are truly discriminated against on ethnic grounds," the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement on July 5. "We demand the cessation of this outrageous practice, inconsistent with the friendly relations between our two countries." Azerbaijan has long denied entry to citizens of all countries, not just Russians, whose names end in the standard Armenian surname suffixes -ian or -yan.
  291. ^ "Citing ethnicity, Azerbaijan bars photojournalist". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 2021. Diana Markosian, a freelance photographer for Bloomberg Markets magazine was denied entry to Azerbaijan last week by authorities who cited her ethnicity as a reason, international news reports said. On June 27, border guards at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku detained Markosian on arrival from the Latvian capital, Riga, then expelled her the next day, according to press reports and CPJ interviews. Markosian told CPJ that the border guards took her passport, saying that she had an Armenian last name and that they "needed to clarify something." Then they put her in the airport's transit zone where she spent 16 hours until she was put on a flight to Tbilisi, Georgia. Markosian holds both U.S. and Russian citizenship, she told CPJ. A government spokesman told the Baku-based news agency APA that Markosian was deported because authorities would be unable to provide her with "security" since she is an ethnic Armenian.
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  293. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
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  295. ^ Calder, Simon (24 April 2017). "Airline lobbying for a relaxation of draconian rules for London-Auckland travellers". The Independent. Retrieved 2018. Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for passengers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently "strict requirements for travellers" in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration.
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  298. ^ "Argentina strengthens migratory control". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013.
  299. ^ "Cambodia Foreign Entry Requirements". Us-passport-information.com.
  300. ^ "China to Start Fingerprinting Foreign Visitors". Air Canada. 31 Jan 2019. Retrieved 2018. Effective April 27, 2018, border control authorities at all of China's ports of entry, including its airports, will start collecting the fingerprints of all foreign visitors aged between 14 and 70. Diplomatic passport holders and beneficiaries of reciprocal agreements are exempted..
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  307. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 2017.
  308. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2017.
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  311. ^ Brown, Theresa Cardinal (9 May 2016). "Biometric Entry-Exit Update: CBP Developing Land Border Process". Bipartisan Policy Center. Retrieved 2019. While a requirement for a biometric entry-exit system has been in law for over a decade, it is not yet a reality. Many reasons for the long gestating development have been documented in BPC's 2014 report Entry-Exit System: Progress, Challenges, and Outlook, including the technological, operational, and cost challenges of creating exit systems and infrastructure where none exist today. However, many critics, especially in Congress, simply accused the Department of Homeland security of dragging its feet... the major operational, logistical, and technical challenge in implementing exit capability at our ports has been the land borders. Unlike airports and seaports, the land border environment is not physically controlled, there is no means to get advance information on who is arriving, and the sheer volume of travel--both vehicular and pedestrian--creates challenges in any system to not further exacerbate delays. While biometric exit for land vehicular traffic is still in the "what if" stage, CBP is moving ahead and piloting systems and technology to use with the large population of pedestrian crossers at the U.S.-Mexico border.
  312. ^ Lipton, Eric (21 May 2013). "U.S. Quietly Monitors Foreigners' Departures at the Canadian Border". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019. Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
  313. ^ LIPTON, Eric (15 December 2006). "Administration to Drop Effort to Track if Visitors Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019. Efforts to determine whether visitors actually leave have faltered. Departure monitoring would help officials hunt for foreigners who have not left, if necessary. Domestic security officials say, however, it would be too expensive to conduct fingerprint or facial recognition scans for land departures.
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  316. ^ "Iris Scan Implemented at Doha International Airport". Archived from the original on 8 January 2012.
  317. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn't the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)

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