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Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Flag of Vienne
Coat of arms of Vienne
Location of Vienne in France
Location of Vienne in France
Coordinates: 45°31?20?N 4°50?43?E / 45.5221367°N 4.8453116°E / 45.5221367; 4.8453116Coordinates: 45°31?20?N 4°50?43?E / 45.5221367°N 4.8453116°E / 45.5221367; 4.8453116
 o President of the General CouncilClaude Bertaud
 o Total6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
 o Total436,069
 o Rank56th
 o Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Department number86
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vienne (French pronunciation: [vj?n] ) is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.


Established on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.

The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active.[1]


Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department.

It has three arrondissements : Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.

Current National Assembly Representatives


Population development since 1801:


The capital Poitiers is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.

Tourism and sights

The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne and the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.


Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.

International relations

Vienne has a partnership relationship with:


See also


  1. ^ Gregory M.W. Kennedy. Something of a Peasant Paradise? Comparing Rural Societies in Acadie and the Loudunais, 1604-1755 (MQUP, 2014)
  2. ^
  3. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. ^ "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved .
  5. ^ ? (Friendly cities) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite, (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  6. ^ (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2012-05-31 at WebCite, 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  7. ^ ? (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-03-31 at WebCite, 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.)

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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