Ve (based on name of the letter ? f) ? is a letter of the Arabic-based Central Kurdish, Comoro, Wakhi, Karakhanid alphabets derived from the Arabic letter f (?) with two additional dots. It represents the sound in the aforementioned uses.
Ve originated as one of the new letters added for the Perso-Arabic alphabet to write New Persian, and it was used for the sound /?/. This letter is no longer used in Persian, as the /?/-sound changed to /b/, e.g. archaic ? /zan/ > ? /zæb?n/ 'language'
It is sometimes used in Arabic language to write names and loanwords with the phoneme , such as (Volvo) and viyenna (Vienna), but rather described, for example, in Egyptian Arabic, it is called fe be talat no?a? ( , "F with three dots").
It is also frequently used in Israel for transcribing names that have a sound into Arabic, which is used on Israel's street plates, on signs and labels.
In Jawi script, used for Malay language, ? stands for .
The character is mapped in Unicode under position U+06A4.
In Tunisian and in Algerian, (?, looks similar to ? but with three dots) is used for , such as in names of places or persons containing a voiced velar stop, as in Gafsa (in Tunisia) or Guelma (in Algeria). If the usage of that letter is not possible for technical restrictions, q?f (?) is often used instead.