Union Council of Ministers
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Union Council of Ministers

The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of state and Ministers of State (Independent Charge). The council is led by the Prime Minister of India.

A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of the Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 75.

Regulation

Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing the confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate the formation of a new government.

A minister shall take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose a proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

Ranking

There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister: Leader of the executive of the Government of India.
  • Deputy Prime Minister (if any) : presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[3]
  • Cabinet Minister: A member of the cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge): Junior minister not reporting to a Cabinet Minister.
  • Minister of State (MoS): Deputy Minister reporting to a Cabinet Minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

Appointment

Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of president, is appointed by The President on the advice of The Prime Minister. Since at least the turn of the millennia, evidence indicates that an MP's electoral performance enhances the likelihood of being granted a ministerial portfolio.[4]

Removal

  • Upon death.
  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[5]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.
  • Under the provision of "Collective Responsibility" under Article 75, the Prime Minister and the entire Council of Ministers resign if a Vote of No Confidence is passed in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) of the Indian Parliament.[6]

Council of Ministers in state governments

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c).

For the first time in March 2020, the Supreme Court of India used its powers to do "complete justice" under Article 142 of the Indian Constitution to remove a minister functioning in the state of Manipur.[7]

Current Union Council of Ministers

Council portfolios are as follows:[8][9][10]

Cabinet Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any minister.
Narendra Modi30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of DefenceRajnath Singh30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of External AffairsSubrahmanyam Jaishankar30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Home Affairs
Ministry of Co-operation
Amit Shah30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
Nirmala Sitharaman30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Road Transport and HighwaysNitin Gadkari30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Minister of Textiles
Piyush Goyal30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Women and Child DevelopmentSmriti Zubin Irani30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Tribal AffairsArjun Munda30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Law and JusticeKiren Rijiju7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Education
Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Dharmendra Pradhan7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Agriculture and Farmers WelfareNarendra Singh Tomar30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Social Justice and EmpowermentDr. Virendra Kumar7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers
Mansukh L. Mandaviya7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Ministry of Labour and Employment
Bhupender Yadav7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Minority AffairsMukhtar Abbas Naqvi30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public EnterprisesMahendra Nath Pandey30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Ministry of Coal
Ministry of Mines
Pralhad Joshi30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Jal ShaktiGajendra Singh Shekhawat30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium EnterprisesNarayan Tatu Rane7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
Parshottam Rupala7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Railways
Minister of Communications
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology
Ashwini Vaishnaw7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
Ministry of AYUSH
Sarbananda Sonowal7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Rural Development
Minister of Panchayati Raj
Giriraj Singh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Civil AviationJyotiraditya Scindia7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of SteelRamchandra Prasad Singh7 July 2021Incumbent JD(U)
Minister of Food Processing IndustriesPashupati Kumar Paras7 July 2021Incumbent LJP
Minister of Power
Minister of New and Renewable Energy
Raj Kumar Singh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs
Hardeep Singh Puri7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Culture
Minister of Tourism
Minister of Development of North Eastern Region
Kishan Reddy7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports
Anurag Thakur7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Reference: Official Government of India publication, 31 May 2019

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)


Minister of State


Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State in the Ministry of RailwaysDarshana Jardosh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Raosaheb Danve7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of TextilesDarshana Jardosh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of SteelFaggan Singh Kulaste30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural DevelopmentFaggan Singh Kulaste30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family WelfareDr. Bharati Pravin Pawar7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary AffairsV. Muraleedharan30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Arjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of External AffairsV. Muraleedharan30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Meenakshi Lekhi7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of CultureArjun Ram Meghwal30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Meenakshi Lekhi7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of State in the Ministty of Civil Aviation
General (Retd.) V. K. Singh30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and EmpowermentRamdas Athawale30 May 2019Incumbent RPI(A)
Abbaiah Narayanaswamy7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Pratima Bhoumik7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public DistributionAshwini Kumar Choubey7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate ChangeAshwini Kumar Choubey7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Home AffairsNityanand Rai Yadav30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Ajay Kumar Mishra7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Nisith Pramanik7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers WelfareShobha Karandlaje7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Kailash Choudhary30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and FisheriesDr. L. Murugan7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Sanjeev Kumar Balyan7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Information and BroadcastingDr. L. Murugan7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of EducationAnnpurna Devi Yadav7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Dr. Subhas Sarkar7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal AffairsRenuka Singh30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Bishweswar Tudu7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and IndustrySom Parkash30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Anupriya Patel7 July 2021Incumbent AD(S)
Minister of State in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of State in the Ministry of Labour and Employment
Rameswar Teli30 May 2019Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development
Minister of State in the Ministry of AYUSH
Dr. Mahendra Munjapara7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of FinanceDr. Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Pankaj Choudhary7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and JusticeS. P. Singh Baghel7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of TourismAjay Bhatt7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Shripad Naik7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of DefenceAjay Bhatt7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
Minister of State in the Ministry of Co-operation
B. L. Verma7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
Bhagwanth Khuba7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium EnterprisesBhanu Pratap Singh Verma7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal ShaktiBishweswar Tudu7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Prahlad Singh Patel7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal
Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines
Raosaheb Danve7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of CommunicationsDevusinh Jesingbhai Chauhan7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority AffairsJohn Barla7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati RajKapil Patil7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Housing and Urban AffairsKaushal Kishore7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Power
Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
Krishan Pal7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing IndustriesPrahlad Singh Patel7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Rajeev Chandrasekhar7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and WaterwaysShripad Naik7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Shantanu Thakur7 July 2021Incumbent BJP
Minister of State in the Ministry of Youth Affairs and SportsNisith Pramanik7 July 2021Incumbent BJP

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource: Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ Rajendran, S. (13 July 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Ladwig III, Walter C. (23 December 2019). "Executive Particularism and Ministerial Selection in India". Legislative Studies Quarterly. Department of Political Science at Washington University in St. Louis. 44 (4): 469-493. doi:10.1111/lsq.12261.
  5. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ "Prime Minister & Council of Ministers - Election, Roles, Collective Responsibility - Indian Polity". BYJUS. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "Supreme Court Invoked Special Powers to Remove a Minister". Drishti IAS. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "Who Gets What: Cabinet Portfolios Announced. Full List Here". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle: Full list of ministers in Narendra Modi's government". 8 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Press Comm Portfolio | Government Of India | Government". Scribd.

External links


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