Ultrawide formats refers to photos, videos and displays with aspect ratio greater than 2. There were multiple moves in history towards wider formats, including one by Disney, with some of them being more successful than others.
4:3 was the aspect ratio used by 35 mm silent films. By having televisions match this aspect ratio, movies originally filmed in 4:3 could be satisfactorily viewed on standard-definition television (SDTV). Monitors around the turn of the century would often use resolutions like 640x480, 800x600, 1024x768 or 1200x900 in an 4:3 aspect ratio.
National Television System Committee (NTSC) broadcasts were analogue and intended for analogue NTSC displays. The standard was developed and implemented by the NTSC in the United States in 1954. It also saw widespread international adoption by trade partners of the US. When converted to the Digital Video format, DV NTSC has a 3:2 aspect ratio, a resolution of 720x480i, and a refresh rate of 60 Hz.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) broadcasts were analogue broadcasts meant for PAL analogue displays. The standard was developed in 1967 by the United Kingdom and Germany, and implemented in most countries. When converted to Digital Video format, DV PAL has a 5:4 resolution of 720×576i running at 50 Hz.
32:27 was originally developed for compressed video storage in cameras, meant to be displayed in anamorphic x1.5 as 16:9. 640×540i was such a 32:27 resolution running at 50 Hz and 100 Hz, meant for cameras.
Panasonic's DVCPRO HD with a resolution of 1280×1080i was latest in the line of 32:27 video formats for cameras. Hitachi's 42" and 50" 1280×1080i televisions, like the P50T501, were the last line of 32:27 consumer displays.
32:27 is derived from 4:3 aspect ratio.
Historically ultrawide movie formats have varied between ~2.35:1 (1678:715), ~2.39:1 (1024:429) and 2.4:1. To complicate matters further, films were also produced in 2.55:1, 2.76:1 and 4:1. Developed by Rowe E. Carney Jr. and Tom F. Smith, the Smith-Carney System used a 3 camera system, with 4.6945:1 (1737:370) ratio, to project movies in 180°.  Disney even created a 6.85:1 format, using 5 projectors to display 200°. The only movie filmed in Disney's 6.85:1 format is Impressions de France.
European widescreen format was a 5:3 (15:9) resolution of 800x480 and 1280x768 with progressive scan. Developed in 1969 by Rune Ericson, Super 16 mm was widely used in Europe, before the move to 16:9.
Suggested by Dr. Kerns H. Powers of SMPTE in USA, the 16:9 aspect ratio was developed to unify all other aspect ratios. 16:9 was first adopted in the USA.
16:9 aspect ratio is 4:3 squared.
Around 2007, cameras and screens began to switch from 15:9 and 16:10 to 16:9 resolutions. Aspect ratio of 16:9 is currently the worldwide standard for 'widescreen' and High-definition television.
Univisium is an aspect ratio of 2:1, created by Vittorio Storaro of ASC in the USA, to unify all other aspect ratios. It is popular on Smartphones and cheap VR[clarification needed] displays. VR displays half the screen into two, one for each eye. So a 2:1 VR screen would be halved into two 1:1 screens. Currently[when?] smartphones are moving to 2:1 aspect ratio, advertised as 18:9.
21:9 is a consumer electronics (CE) marketing term to describe the ultra-widescreen aspect ratio of 64:27 (2.370:1) = 1024:432 for multiples of 1080 lines. It is used for multiple anamorphic formats and DCI 1024:429 (21.482517:9), but also for ultrawide computer monitors, including 43:18 (211⁄2:9) for resolutions based on 720 lines and 12:5 (213⁄5:9) for ultrawide variants of resolutions based either on 960 pixels width or 900 lines height.
The 64:27 aspect ratio is the logical extension of the existing video aspect ratios 4:3 and 16:9. It is the third power of 4:3, whereas 16:9 of widescreen HDTV is 4:3 squared. This allows electronic scalers and optical anamorphic lenses to use an easily implementable 4:3 (1.33:1) scaling factor.
21:9 movies usually refers to 1024:429 ? 2.387:1, the aspect ratio of digital ultrawide cinema formats, which is often rounded up to 2.39:1 or 2.4:1.
Ultrawide resolution can also be described by its height, such as "UW 1080" and "1080p ultrawide" both stands for the same 2560×1080p resolution.
|Common name||Technical name||Aspect ratio||Resolution|
|WFHD||ultrawide 1080p||64:27||211⁄3:9||2.370||2560 × 1080|
|WFHD+||ultrawide 1200p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||2880 × 1200|
|WQHD||ultrawide 1440p||43:18||211⁄2:9||2.38||3440 × 1440|
|WQHD+||ultrawide 1600p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||3840 × 1600|
|UW4K||ultrawide 1800p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||4320 × 1800|
|UW5K (WUHD)||ultrawide 2160p||64:27||211⁄3:9||2.370||5120 × 2160|
|UW5K+||ultrawide 2400p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||5760 × 2400|
|UW6K||ultrawide 3200p||43:18||211⁄2:9||2.38||6880 × 2880|
|UW7K||ultrawide 3200p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||7680 × 3200|
|UW8K||ultrawide 3600p||12:5||213⁄5:9||2.4||8640 × 3600|
|UW10K||ultrawide 4320p||64:27||211⁄3:9||2.370||10240 × 4320|
In 2016, IMAX announced the release of films in 'Ultra-WideScreen 3.6' format,[failed verification] with an aspect ratio of 18:5 (36:10). A year later, Samsung and Phillips announced 'super ultra-wide displays', with aspect ratio of 32:9, for "iMax-style cinematic viewing". Panacast developed a 32:9 webcam with three integrated cameras giving 180° view, and resolution matching upcoming 5K 32:9 monitors, 5120x1440. In 2018 Q4, Dell released the U4919DW, a 5K 32:9 monitor with a resolution of 5120x1440, and Phillips announced the 499P9H with the same resolution. 32:9 Ultrawide monitors are often sold as an alternative to dual 16:9 monitor setups and for more inmersive experiences while playing videogames, and many are capable of displaying 2 16:9 inputs at the same time.
32:9 aspect ratio is derived from 16:9 being twice as large.
Super wide resolutions refers to that with aspect ratio greater than 3.
|Common name||Aspect ratio||Resolution|
Ultra-WideScreen 3.6 video never spread, as cinemas in an even wider ScreenX 270° format were released.
Recently, Sony introduced a 64-foot-wide by 18-foot-tall commercial 16K display at NAB 2019 that is set to be released in Japan. It is made up of 576 modules(360x360p), in a formation of 48 by 12 modules, forming a 17280x4320p screen, with 4:1 aspect ratio.
Developed by CJ CGV in 2012, ScreenX uses three(or more) projectors to display 270° content, with an unknown aspect ratio above 4:1. Walls on both sides of a ScreenX theatre are used as projector screens.
Developed by Barco N.V. in 2015, Barco Escape used three 2.39:1 projectors to display 270° content, with an aspect ratio of 7.17:1. The two side screens were angled at 45 degree in order to cover peripheral vision. Barco Escape has shut down now.
|Decimal value||Aspect ratio||Format name||Resolutions||Lens & Film|
|1.185||32:27||DVCPRO HD||640×540, 1280×1080||1x|
|1.25||5:4||DV PAL||720×576, 1280×1024, 1500×1200||1x|
|1.3||4:3||Video Graphics Array||640×480, 960×720, 1440×1080, 1600×1200||SDTV|
|1.5||3:2||DV NTSC / laptops||720×480, 1920×1280, 2160×1440, 2256×1504, 2400×1600, 3000×2000||1x|
|1.6||8:5||16:10 widescreen (PC only)||1280×800, 1440×900, 1680×1050, 1920×1200, 2560×1600, 2880×1800, 3072×1920, 3840×2400||-|
|1.6||5:3||European Widescreen||800×480, 1280×768||Super 16mm|
|1.7||16:9||Widescreen||1920×1080, 2560×1440, 3840×2160, 7680×4320||Anamorphic 1.5x on 32:27, HDTV|
|1.85||37:20||"Flat" DCI||1998×1080, 3996×2160||1x|
|1.896296||256:135||"Full" DCI||2048×1080, 4096×2160||1x|
|2.0||2:1||VistaVision / Univisium||2160×1080, 2400×1200, 2880×1440, 3200×1600, 3600×1800, 3840×1920, 4320×2160, 4800×2400, 5760×2880||VR cameras (most)|
|2.3468531||1678:715||Cinemascope (1950s-1970s)||analog||Anamorphic 2x on 35mm with optical audio|
|2.370||64:27||"21:9" ultrawide||2560×1080, 5120×2160, 7680×3240, 10240×4320||Dashcam, Anamorphic 1.33x on 16:9, 1.25x on DCI 256:135, 2x on 32:27|
|2.386946||1024:429||"Scope" DCI cinema format||2048×858, 4096×1716, 8192×3432||1x|
|2.38||43:18||"21:9" ultrawide (PC only)||3440×1440, 5160×2160, 6880×2880||-|
|2.4||12:5||24:10 ultrawide||2880×1200, 3840×1600, 4320×1800, 5760×2400, 7680×3200||-|
|2.55||51:20||Cinemascope 55||analog||Anamorphic 2x on 35mm without optical audio|
|2.6||8:3||Cinerama / 24:9 ultrawide (PC only)||2880×1080, 3840×1440, 5120×1920, 5760×2160, 7680×2880, 10240×3840||-|
|2.76||69:25||Ultra Panavision||analog||Anamorphic 1.25x on 70mm|
|3.2||16:5||32:10 super wide (PC only)||2880×900, 3840×1200, 5120×1600, 5760×1800, 7680×2400, 10240×3200||-|
|3.5||32:9||32:9 super wide (PC only)||3840×1080, 5120×1440, 7680×2160, 10240×2880||-|
|3.6||18:5||36:10 super wide (ultra-widescreen 3.6)||4320×1200, 5760×1600, 6480×1800, 8640×2400||1x|
|4.0||4:1||Polyvision||analog / 3 images 4:3 projected side by side||3x|