Turkish Football Federation
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Turkish Football Federation
Turkish Football Federation
UEFA
Turkish Football Federation crest.svg
Founded23 April 1923
1923[1]
1962[1]
PresidentNihat Özdemir
Websitewww.tff.org
Turkish Football Federation Facility at Riva, Beykoz in Istanbul.

The Turkish Football Federation (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu; TFF) is the governing body of association football in Turkey. It was formed on 23 April 1923, and joined FIFA the same year and UEFA in 1962. It organizes the Turkish national teams, the Turkish Football League and the Turkish Cup.

Turkish football league system

The Turkish football league system is divided into eight tiers, ranging from the top-tier Süper Lig to local amateur divisions.

Turkish Cup

The Turkish Cup changed its name to the Federation Cup (Turkish: Federasyon Kupas?) in the 1980–81 season, then back to Turkish Cup in 1992–93.

Controversies

Denial of former national championships

Turkish newspaper Son Posta announcing the Turkish championship title of Fenerbahçe on 9 September 1935
Turkish newspaper Son Posta announcing the Turkish championship title of Fenerbahçe on 9 September 1935.

The TFF organized a nationwide championship as early as 1924. That year the Turkish Football Championship (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol ?ampiyonas?) was held in order to bring forth a national football champion.[2][3] The championship format was based on a knockout competition, contested between the winners of each of the country's regional leagues. Some years later, in 1937, the first national league called Millî Küme was introduced. The league was held until 1950, one year before the Turkish Football Championship was also abolished.[4][5]

Even though both competitions were organized by the TFF and were official championships respectively,[6][7] they are not acknowledged and counted by the very same federation which held them. Until today no official reason or motive was given for the unparalleled and irregular denial. All other football associations in Europe without exception consequently acknowledge their former national championships. The Turkish Federation is the only one with such a stance.

As a result, Ankara Demirspor became the first club to officially demand the federation to acknowledge their championship title won in 1947, but received no answer at all to date.[8][when?] Club president Nu?man Yavuz stated that he contacted the Turkish Federation twice, but the federation did not respond in any way.[9] Similarly, Fenerbahçe also requested proper acknowledgement of these national championship titles, and faced the same unconstructive reaction.[10] Having won a total of nine titles in both former championships, the club demands to have those official titles rightfully acknowledged.[11][12][13][14]

The lack of comprehension and awareness concerning the baseless denial of proper championship titles is growing in the general Turkish public and among Turkish sports people. For instance, Mehmet Demirkol, a renowned sports writer and commentator, stated that Be?ikta? won their 20th championship title overall in the 2016-17 season, not their 15th.[15][16][Video 1] Numerous other sports writers, persons of authority, politicians, and officials also openly expressed their opinions on this issue and reinforced the view that the Turkish federation should unambiguously acknowledge and count the former championship titles.[17][18][19][20][21][Video 2][Video 3]

Hosting bids

Turkish Football Federation's Hasan Do?an National Teams Camp and Training Facility at Riva, Beykoz in Istanbul.

Turkey has had several unsuccessful bids to host the UEFA European Championship.

Turkey submitted a joint bid with Greece for UEFA Euro 2008, which failed. Their bid for UEFA Euro 2012 was also unsuccessful, with the competition going to Poland and Ukraine. The federation also submitted a bid to host UEFA Euro 2016, but on May 28, 2010, UEFA announced that Euro 2016 would be hosted by France. France beat bids of Turkey (7-6 in voting in second voting round) and Italy, which had the fewest votes in the first voting round. Turkey were also bidding for UEFA Euro 2024, competing against Germany. Germany were announced the hosts on September 27, 2018 at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland.

Turkey had already hosted the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final and the 2009 UEFA Cup Final in Istanbul.[22] At the youth-level, they hosted the UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship in 2008, after first hosting the event back in 1993.

Competition summary

As of May 2019

Event Gold Silver Bronze Total
Football
FIFA World Cup 0 0 1 1/21
FIFA U-20 World Cup 0 0 0 0/22
FIFA U-17 World Cup 0 0 0 0/18
FIFA Club World Cup 0 0 0 0/16
FIFA Confederations Cup 0 0 1 1/10
FIFA Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/8
FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/9
FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup 0 0 0 0/7
FIFA Women's Club World Cup 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA European Championship 0 0 1 1/15
UEFA European Under-21 Championship 0 0 0 0/21
UEFA European Under-19 Championship 1 2 2 5/65
UEFA European Under-17 Championship 2 0 1 3/37
UEFA Nations League 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Women's Championship 0 0 0 0/12
UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship 0 0 0 0/20
UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship 0 0 0 0/12
UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup 0 0 1 1/5
Football at the Summer Olympics 0 0 0 0/34
Football at the Mediterranean Games 1 7 2 10/18
Football at the Islamic Solidarity Games 0 0 1 1/3
UEFA Champions League 0 0 1 1/64
UEFA Europa League 1 0 1 2/48
UEFA Super Cup 1 0 0 1/43
UEFA Youth League 0 0 0 0/6
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 0 0 0 0/39
UEFA Women's Champions League 0 0 0 0/18
UEFA Regions' Cup 0 0 2 2/10
UEFA Amateur Cup 0 0 0 0/4
Balkan Cup 0 1 0 1/11
Balkans Cup 3 1 3 7/27
ECO Cup 3 2 0 5/6
Futsal
FIFA Futsal World Cup 0 0 0 0/9
UEFA Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/11
UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Women's Futsal Championship 0 0 0 0/1
UEFA Futsal Champions League 0 0 0 0/18
Beach Soccer
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup 0 0 0 0/20
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup qualification (UEFA) 0 0 0 0/7
Euro Beach Soccer League 0 0 0 0/21
Euro Beach Soccer Cup 0 0 0 0/15
Euro Winners Cup 0 0 1 1/7
Women's Euro Winners Cup 0 0 0 0/4
Beach Soccer at the European Games 0 0 0 0/2
Beach Soccer at the Mediterranean Beach Games 0 0 0 0/2
eSports
FIFA eWorld Cup 0 0 0 0/14
Total 11 14 18 43

Presidents

Nihat Özdemir, current president of TFF
As of 18 August 2019[23]
  • Yusuf Ziya Öni?[1] (1922-1926)
  • Muvaffak Menemencio?lu (1926-1931)
  • Hamdi Emin Çap (1931-1937)
  • Sedat R?za ?stek (1937-1938)
  • Danyal Akbel (1938-1943)
  • Ziya Ate? (1943)
  • Sadi Karsan (1943-1948)
  • Vildan A?ir Savar (1948-1949)
  • Ulvi Ziya Yenal (1949-1952)
  • Mehmet Arkan (1952)
  • Mümtaz Tarhan (1952)
  • Orhan ?eref Apak (1952-1954)
  • Ulvi Ziya Yenal (1954)
  • Hasan Polat (1954-1957)
  • Orhan ?eref Apak (1957-1958)
  • Safa Yalçuk (1958-1959)
  • Faik Gökay (1959-1960)
  • Muhterem Özyurt (1960-1961)
  • Bekir Silahç?lar (1961)
  • Orhan ?eref Apak (1961-1964)
  • Muhterem Özyurt (1964-1965)
  • Orhan ?eref Apak (1965-1970)
  • Hasan Polat (1970-1976)
  • Füruzan Tekil (1976-1977)
  • Sabahattin Erman (1977)
  • ?brahim ?skeçe (1977-1978)
  • Sahir Gürkan (1978)
  • Güngör Sayar? (1978-1979)
  • Cemal Salt?k (1979-1980)
  • ?brahim ?skeçe (1980)
  • Mazhar Zorlu (1980)
  • Do?an Andaç (1980)
  • Y?lmaz Tokatl? (1980-1984)
  • A. Kemal Ulusu (1984-1985)
  • Erdo?an Ünver (1985-1986)
  • Erdenay Oflaz (1986)
  • Ali Uras (1986-1987)
  • Halim Çorbal? (1987-1989)
  • ?enes Erzik (1989-1997)
  • Özkan Olcay (1997)
  • Abdullah Kil? (1997)
  • Haluk Ulusoy (1997-2004)
  • Levent B?çakc? (2004-2006)
  • Haluk Ulusoy (2006-2008)
  • Hasan Do?an (15 February 2008 - 5 July 2008)
  • Mahmut Özgener (19 August 2008-29. June 2011)
  • Mehmet Ali Ayd?nlar (29 June 2011 - 31 January 2012)
  • Y?ld?r?m Demirören (27 February 2012 - 1 March 2019)
  • Hüsnü Güreli (1 March 2019 - 1 June 2019) (interim)
  • Nihat Özdemir (1 June 2019 -)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "TFF » Ortaklar?" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Birincili?i". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 2017. 1936'ya kadar süren bu dönemde ilk Türkiye ?ampiyonas? Ankara'da yap?lm ve ?ampiyon Harbiye olmu?tur.
  4. ^ "Milli Küme". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 2017. ...ilk deplasmanl? lig kapsam?ndaki Milli Küme maçlar? da yine bu dönemde tertip edilmi?tir.
  6. ^ "Turkey - List of Champions". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "First National League and Cup Competitions and a Super Cup". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "65 y?l sonra, ?ampiyonlu?unun pe?inde" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "Ankara Demirspor ?ampiyonlu?unu istiyor". haber7.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "F.Bahçe, 9 ?ampiyonlu?unu istiyor". sporx.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "G.Birli?i ve A.Gücü ?ampiyon Oluyor". sporyolu.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Fenerbahçe 1959 öncesi için çalma ba?latt?". ntvspor.net (in Turkish). NTV Spor. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ "Fenerbahçe 5. y?ld?z? istiyor". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "19 de?il, 28 ?ampiyonluk". trthaber.com (in Turkish). TRT Haber. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Be?ikta?'?n 20. ?ampiyonlu?u bu". kralspor.ensonhaber.com (in Turkish). En Son Haber. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "Mehmet Demirkol: Be?ikta?'?n 20 ?ampiyonlu?u var!". fanatik.com.tr (in Turkish). Fanatik. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "1959'dan önceki ?ampiyonluklar nerede?". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ali Can Yayc?l?. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "19 de?il 28 ?ampiyonluk kan?tlarla". sporyazarlari.com (in Turkish). Metin Sipahio?lu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "Futbolumuzun milad?; tak?mlar?n gerçek ?ampiyonluk say?lar? nedir?". milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Uzay Gökerman. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ "Ben, "28." diyorum...". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ate? Bakan. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "FENERBAHÇE'N?N KAÇ ?AMP?YONLU?U VAR ". abcspor.com (in Turkish). Burak Belgen. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "BBC: Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 2010.
  23. ^ "TFF Ba?kanlar?n?n Dönemleri ve Yönetim Kurullar?" [Periods of TFF Presidents and Board of Directors] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved 2019.
Video references

External links

Media related to Turkish Football Federation at Wikimedia Commons


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