Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
Get Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji essential facts below. View Videos or join the Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji discussion. Add Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
The Great Wave off Kanagawa, the best known print in the series (20th century reprint)

Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Japanese: , Hepburn: Fugaku Sanj?rokkei) is a series of landscape prints by the Japanese ukiyo-e artist Hokusai (1760-1849). The series depicts Mount Fuji from different locations and in various seasons and weather conditions. The immediate success of the publication led to another ten prints being added to the series.

The series was produced from c. 1830 to 1832, when Hokusai was in his seventies and at the height of his career, and published by Nishimura Yohachi.[1][2] Among the prints are three of Hokusai's most famous: The Great Wave off Kanagawa, Fine Wind, Clear Morning, and Thunderstorm Beneath the Summit.[1] The lesser-known Kajikazawa in Kai Province is also considered one of the series' best works.[3] The Thirty-six Views has been described as the artist's "indisputable colour-print masterpiece".[2]

History

Mount Fuji is a popular subject for Japanese art due to its cultural and religious significance. This belief can be traced to The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, where a goddess deposits the elixir of life on the peak. As the historian Henry Smith[4] explains, "Thus from an early time, Mt. Fuji was seen as the source of the secret of immortality, a tradition that was at the heart of Hokusai's own obsession with the mountain."[5]

Each image was made through a process whereby Hokusai's drawing on paper was glued to a woodblock to guide the carving. The original design is therefore lost in the process. The block was then covered with ink and applied to paper to create the image (see Woodblock printing in Japan for further details). The complexity of Hokusai's images includes the wide range of colors he used, which required the use of a separate block for each color appearing in the image.

The earliest prints in the series were made with largely blue tones (aizuri-e), including the key blocks which provide an image's outlines.[2] Prussian blue pigment had not long been introduced to Japan from Europe and Hokusai used it extensively, ensuring its popularity. Once the publisher, Nishimura, was sure of the series' success, prints were made with multiple colours (nishiki-e). Nishimura had planned to expand the series to more than a hundred prints, but publication stopped at forty-six.[6]

The most famous single image from the series is widely known in English as The Great Wave off Kanagawa. It is Hokusai's most celebrated work and is often considered the most recognizable work of Japanese art in the world. Another iconic work from Thirty-six Views is Fine Wind, Clear Morning, also known as Red Fuji, which has been described as "one of the simplest and at the same time one of the most outstanding of all Japanese prints".[7]

Influence

While Hokusai's Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji is the most famous ukiyo-e series to focus on Mount Fuji, there are several other works with the same subject, including Hiroshige's later series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji and Hokusai's subsequent book One Hundred Views of Mount Fuji.[5]

In his 1896 book on Hokusai, French art critic Edmond de Goncourt wrote that despite its "rather crude colors", it was, "the album which inspires the landscapes of the impressionists of the present moment."[2] The French artist Henri Rivière (1864-1951) published the set of color lithographs "Thirty-six views of the Tour Eiffel" in 1902, inspired by the seminal print set of Hokusai, one of the many influences of Japanese art on late 19th century and early 20th century French art (Japonism, known as "Japonisme" in French)

Prints

Original thirty-six

No. Image English title Japanese title
1 Great Wave Hokusai BM 1906.1220.0.533 n01.jpg The Great Wave off Kanagawa

Kanagawa oki nami-ura

2 Fine Wind, Clear Morning by Hokusai (Shimane Art Museum).jpg Fine Wind, Clear Morning, also known as South Wind, Clear Sky or Red Fuji ?

Gaif? kaisei

3 Katsushika Hokusai, tempesta sotto la vetta, dalla serie delle 36 vedute del monte fuji, 1831 ca.jpg Thunderstorm Beneath the Summit ?

Sanka hakuu

4  -Under the Mannen Bridge at Fukagawa (Fukagawa Mannenbashi shita), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141017.jpg Under Mannen Bridge at Fukagawa

Fukagawa Mannen-bashi shita

5  ?-Surugadai in Edo (T?to Sundai), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140999.jpg Sundai, Edo ?

T?to sundai

6 The coast of seven leages in Kamakura.jpg Cushion Pine at Aoyama

Aoyama enza-no-matsu

7  ?-Senju in Musashi Province (Bush? Senju), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141087.jpg Senju, Musashi But ?

Bush? Senju

8  -The Inume Pass in Kai Province (K?sh? Inume t?ge), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141045.jpg Inume Pass, K?sh?

K?sh? inume-t?ge

9  -Fujimigahara in Owari Province (Bish? Fujimigahara), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141033.jpg Fuji View Field in Owari Province

Bish? Fujimigahara

10  ?-Ejiri in Suruga Province (Sunsh? Ejiri), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140977.jpg Ejiri in Suruga Province ?

Sunsh? Ejiri

11 A sketch of the Mitsui shop in Suruga street in Edo.jpg A sketch of the Mitsui shop in Suruga in Edo (present-day Muromachi, Tokyo)

K?to Suruga-cho Mitsui Miseryakuzu

12 Katsushika Hokusai, tramonto presso il ponte ryogokubashi dall'imbarcadero ommayagashi, dalla serie delle 36 vedute del monte fuji, 1831 ca.jpg Sunset across the Ry?goku bridge from the bank of the Sumida River at Onmayagashi

Ommayagashi yori ry?goku-bashi y?hi mi

13  -Sazai Hall at the Temple of the Five Hundred Arhats (Gohyaku Rakanji Sazaid?), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141020.jpg Sazai hall - Temple of Five Hundred Rakan

Gohyaku-rakanji Sazaid?

14 Besneeuwde ochtend in Koishikawa-Rijksmuseum AK-MAK-1588.jpeg Tea house at Koishikawa. The morning after a snowfall

Koishikawa yuki no ashita

15  -Lower Meguro (Shimo Meguro), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140998.jpg Shimomeguro

Shimomeguro

16  -The Waterwheel at Onden (Onden no suisha), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141021.jpg Watermill at Onden

Onden no suisha

17 Enoshima in the Sagami province.jpg Enoshima in Sagami Province

Sosh? Enoshima

18  -Tago Bay near Ejiri on the T?kaid? (T?kaid? Ejiri Tago no ura ryaku zu), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141037.jpg Shore of Tago Bay, Ejiri at T?kaid?

T?kaid? Ejiri tago-no-uraryakuzu

19  -Yoshida on the T?kaid? (T?kaid? Yoshida), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141007.jpg Yoshida at T?kaid?

T?kaid? Yoshida

20  -At Sea off Kazusa (Kazusa no kairo), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141056.jpg The Kazusa Province sea route

Kazusa no kairo

21  -Nihonbashi in Edo (Edo Nihonbashi), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141003.jpg Nihonbashi bridge in Edo

Edo Nihon-bashi

22  ?-Sekiya Village on the Sumida River (Sumidagawa Sekiya no sato), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141023.jpg Barrier Town on the Sumida River ?

Sumidagawa Sekiya no sato

23  -Noboto Bay (Noboto no ura), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141022.jpg Bay of Noboto

Noboto-ura

24 The lake of Hakone in the Segami province.jpg The lake of Hakone in Sagami Province

S?sh? Hakone kosui

25  -Reflection in Lake at Misaka in Kai Province (K?sh? Misaka suimen), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei MET DP141064.jpg Mount Fuji reflects in Lake Kawaguchi, seen from the Misaka Pass in Kai Province

K?sh? Misaka suimen

26  ?-Hodogaya on the T?kaid? (T?kaid? Hodogaya), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141025.jpg Hodogaya on the T?kaid?

T?kaid? Hodogaya

27  ?-Fuji--The Tama River, Musashi Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140975.jpg Tama River in Musashi Province ?

Bush? Tamagawa

28 Asakusa Honganji temple in th Eastern capital.jpg Asakusa Hongan-ji temple in the Eastern capital [Edo] ?

T?to Asakusa honganji

29  ?-Tsukudajima in Musashi Province (Buy? Tsukudajima), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141089.jpg Tsukuda Island in Musashi Province ?

Buy? Tsukuda-jima

30  -Shichirigahama in Sagami Province (S?sh? Shichirigahama), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140979.jpg Shichiri beach in Sagami Province

Sosh? Shichiri-ga-hama

31 Umegawa in Sagami province.jpg Umezawa in Sagami Province

Sosh? umezawanosh?

32 Kajikazawa in Kai Province (Koshu Kajikazawa).jpg Kajikazawa in Kai Province

K?sh? Kajikazawa

33  -Mishima Pass in Kai Province (K?sh? Mishima goe), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141043.jpg Mishima Pass in Kai Province

K?sh? Mishima-goe

34  ?-In the Mountains of T?tomi Province (T?tomi sanch?), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP140988.jpg Mount Fuji from the mountains of T?t?mi ?

T?t?umi sanch?

35 Het Suwa meer in de provincie Shinano Shinshu Suwako (titel op object) 36 gezichten op de berg Fuji (serietitel) Fugaku sanjurokkei (serietitel op object), RP-P-1956-730.jpg A View of Mount Fuji Across Lake Suwa (Lake Suwa in Shinano Province)

Shinsh? Suwa-ko

36  ?-Ushibori in Hitachi Province (J?sh? Ushibori), from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanj?rokkei) MET DP141044.jpg Ushibori in Hitachi Province ?

J?sh? Ushibori

Additional 10

No. Image English title Japanese title
1 Katsushika Hokusai, Goten-yama hill, Shinagawa on the T?kaid?, ca. 1832.jpg Goten-yama-hill, Shinagawa on the T?kaid?

T?kaid? Shinagawa Goten'yama no Fuji

2 Honjo Tatekawa, the timberyard at Honjo.jpg Honjo Tatekawa, the timberyard at Honjo, Sumida ?

Honjo Tatekawa

3 Nakahara in the Sagami province.jpg Pleasure District at Senju ?

Senju Hana-machi Yori Ch?b? no Fuji

4 Soshu Nakahara.jpg Nakahara in Sagami Province ?

S?sh? Nakahara

5 Ono Shindon in the Suraga province.jpg ?no Shinden in Suruga Province

Sunsh? ?no-shinden

6 Climbing on Mt. Fuji.jpg Climbing on Fuji ?

Shojin tozan

7 The Tea plantation of Katakura in the Suruga province.jpg The Tea plantation of Katakura in Suruga Province

Sunsh? Katakura chaen no Fuji

8 The Fuji from Kanaya on the Tokaido.jpg The Fuji from Kanaya on the T?kaid?

T?kaid? Kanaya no Fuji

9 Dawn at Isawa in the Kai province.jpg Dawn at Isawa in Kai Province

K?sh? Isawa no Akatsuki

10 The back of the Fuji from the Minobu river.jpg The back of Fuji from the Minobu river

Minobu-gawa ura Fuji

Exhibitions

A collection of Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji prints contained in the wellness spa of the Costa Concordia was lost during the collision of the ship on January 13, 2012.[8]

All forty-six prints (the original thirty-six plus the ten additions) were featured in the exhibition "Hokusai: 36 Views of Mount Fuji" at the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the Smithsonian's museums of Asian art, in the spring of 2012.

The Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji prints were displayed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston as part of a Hokusai exhibit April 5 through August 9, 2015.[9]

The Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji prints were displayed at the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia as part of a Hokusai exhibit 21 July through 22 October 2017, featuring two copies of The Great Wave off Kanagawa, one from the NGV and one from Japan Ukiyo-e Museum.[10]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Calza, p. 30
  2. ^ a b c d Calza, p. 470
  3. ^ Calza, p. 472
  4. ^ Smith, Henry (1988). One Hundred Views of Mount Fuji. Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500235188.
  5. ^ a b Smith
  6. ^ Calza, p. 230
  7. ^ Calza, p. 471
  8. ^ "Costa Concordia: Threat of treasure hunters". To Be A Travel Agent.
  9. ^ "Hokusai Features Legendary Artist, Best Known for Iconic Great Wave".
  10. ^ "Hokusai".

References

  • Nagata, Seiji (1999). Hokusai: Genius of the Japanese Ukiyo-e. Kodansha, Tokyo.
  • Smith, Henry D. II (1988). Hokusai: One Hundred Views of Mt. Fuji. George Braziller, Inc., Publishers, New York. ISBN 0-8076-1195-6.
  • Calza, Gian Carlo (2003). Hokusai. Phaidon. ISBN 0714844578.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Thirty-six_Views_of_Mount_Fuji
 



 



 
Music Scenes