Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"
|Airport type||Public / military|
|Owner||Government of Greece|
|Location||Mikra, Macedonia, Greece|
|Elevation AMSL||7 m / 22 ft|
Map of the airport
Thessaloniki Airport (IATA: SKG, ICAO: LGTS), officially Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia" (Greek: "", romanized: Kratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía") and formerly Mikra Airport, is an international airport serving Thessaloniki, the second-largest city in Greece. It is located 13 km (8.1 mi) southeast of the city, in Thermi.
The airport is the third-largest airport in the country after Athens International Airport and Heraklion International Airport. It opened in 1930 and was the second-busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third-busiest in terms of passengers served in 2016, with over 6 million passengers. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and apart from the city of Thessaloniki it also serves the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of Central Macedonia. The Athens-Thessaloniki route is the tenth busiest in the EU with 1.8 million passengers. To cope with demand, a second terminal is currently under construction as part of a billion-euro investment by Fraport Greece, the company which operates the airport.
The airport was first established as an airfield during the First World War, as part of the allied war effort on the Macedonian front. There were numerous airfields at the time, including Little Mikra, Big Mikra (which became the current international airport), and the major military airfield of Sedes. The first international flight to Thessaloniki landed at the Little Mikra air field, and government efforts at encouraging the growth of civil aviation saw the start of construction of a purpose-built civilian airport at the present location in 1938. Works were temporarily abandoned due to the Second World War and the airport opened to civilian traffic in 1948.
Major works were undertaken after the war. The accession of Greece to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation saw NATO-funded investments such as the expansion of the 10/28 runway to 2,440 metres (8,010 ft) and the inauguration of a new terminal building in 1965. Damage to the tower caused by the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake meant it needed to be torn down, and a new tower, still in operation, was built. Modernisation works were undertaken in the late 1990s, as part of the celebrations for Thessaloniki being European Capital of Culture in 1997. In 1993 the airport took the name Makedonia (Greek: , Macedonia).
The operational aspects of the airport were privatised in 2015. Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture and the state privatisation fund agreed to the privatisation of the airport operations, and 13 other Greek airports, in December 2015. Fraport Greece will operate the airport for 40 years starting on 11 April 2017. It pledged to invest EUR400 million ($451.88 million) on the various airports, including a refurbishment of the existing terminal at Thessaloniki as well as the construction of a second terminal. Construction on the new terminal began on 19 September 2018 and finished in February 2021, three months ahead of schedule. Fraport expects passenger traffic to increase by 48% by 2026 as a result of its investment.
The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The second floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores and various airlines' offices. The third floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways. There are two passenger lounges. An additional terminal has opened in 2021.
A modernisation and expansion project for runway 10/28 began in 2005, with an initial completion date of 2011, but has since been delayed and was finally completed in March 2019. Modernisation projects on the tarmac and other runway are expected to be completed in 2019. The runway entered service on 11 September 2020. Overall, the project took almost a quarter century to build, from inception in 1997, and it has an estimated cost of EUR179 million ($202 million). The runway was extended by 1000 meters into the sea, with a total length of 3440 meters and was equipped with ILS. When the runway opened for commercial use it was able to accommodate 89.6% of current commercial aircraft types, as opposed to just 22.6% before the extension, and improved safety while landing in bad weather conditions and low visibility.
|Aegean Airlines|| Athens, Berlin, Brussels, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Heraklion, Larnaca, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Mytilene, Rhodes, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Zürich |
Seasonal: Chania, Hannover, London-Heathrow, Mykonos, Nuremberg, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Santorini
Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Brno, Ostrava, Pozna?
|Air France||Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Air Moldova||Seasonal: Chi?in?u|
|Air Serbia|| Belgrade|
|Arkia||Seasonal: Tel Aviv|
|Avanti Air||Seasonal charter: Innsbruck|
|Azur Air Ukraine||Seasonal charter: Kyiv-Boryspil|
|Belavia||Seasonal charter: Minsk|
|Blue Air||Seasonal: Bucharest (begins 27 March 2022)|
|British Airways||Seasonal: London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow|
|Bulgaria Air||Seasonal: Sofia|
|Buzz||Seasonal charter: Katowice, Pozna?|
|Chair Airlines||Seasonal: Zürich|
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal: Nuremberg|
|Cyprus Airways||Seasonal: Larnaca|
|easyJet|| Berlin, London-Gatwick |
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, London-Luton, Manchester
|Enter Air||Seasonal charter: Gda?sk, Katowice, Pozna?, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw|
|Eurowings|| Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart |
|Israir Airlines||Seasonal: Tel Aviv|
|Jet2.com||Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol (begins 4 May 2022), Edinburgh (resumes 26 May 2022), Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Seasonal: Gda?sk, Katowice, Kraków, Pozna?, Rzeszów, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw|
|Nordwind Airlines||Seasonal: Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don|
|Olympic Air|| Chios, Ikaria, Kalamata, Kos, Lemnos, Mytilene, Samos |
Seasonal: Kithira, Mykonos, Paros, Santorini
|Ryanair|| Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Bratislava (resumes 1 November 2021), Budapest, Bucharest (begins 1 November 2021), Chania, Charleroi, Dortmund, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, London-Stansted, Malta, Manchester, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Paphos, Rome-Ciampino, Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 1 November 2021), Tel Aviv, Treviso, Vienna, Weeze, Zagreb (begins 3 December 2021) |
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Dublin, Heraklion, Naples, Rhodes, Stockholm-Skavsta (ends 30 October 2021), Warsaw-Modlin
|S7 Airlines|| Moscow-Domodedovo |
|Scandinavian Airlines|| Stockholm-Arlanda |
|Sky Express||Athens, Chios, Corfu, Heraklion, Larnaca, Mytilene, Samos, Skyros|
|Smartwings|| Seasonal: Prague |
Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Brno, Gda?sk, Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw
|Sun D'Or||Seasonal: Tel Aviv|
|Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich|
|Transavia|| Amsterdam |
|TUI Airways||Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, London-Gatwick, Manchester|
|TUI fly Belgium||Seasonal: Brussels|
|TUI fly Netherlands||Seasonal: Amsterdam|
|Seasonal charter: Kyiv-Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa|
|Volotea|| Heraklion, Santorini |
Seasonal: Mykonos, Zakynthos
|Wizz Air|| Abu Dhabi, Budapest, Dortmund (ends 22 October 2021), Kutaisi, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Larnaca, London-Luton, Vienna |
Seasonal: Warsaw-Chopin (begins 15 June 2022)
|Yamal Airlines||Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Yekaterinburg, Volgograd, Voronezh|
Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010. Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.
The table below shows passenger totals at Thessaloniki International Airport by country destination during 2018. 
|1||Athens||ATH||65,298||Aegean Airlines, Sky Express|
|2||Munich||MUC||16,678||Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa|
|3||Stuttgart||STR||11,490||Aegean Airlines, Eurowings|
|4||Berlin||SXF||10,710||Aegean Airlines, easyJet, Ryanair|
|5||Larnaca||LCA||9,826||Aegean Airlines, Cyprus Airways, Sky Express, Wizz Air|
|6||Heraklion||HER||9,798||Aegean Airlines, Ryanair, Sky Express, Volotea|
|9||Düsseldorf||DUS||8,859||Aegean Airlines, Eurowings|
|10||Chania||CHQ||8,802||Aegean Airlines, Ryanair|
|11||Frankfurt||FRA||8,406||Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa|
|12||London||LGW||8,304||British Airways, easyJet, TUI Airways|
|7||Olympic Air (NEW)||10,062||N/A|
OASTH Bus 01X
The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25, which connects Thessaloniki with Chalkidiki, via the 67. The Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road provides access to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building. A car rental service is available at the terminal building. In addition, taxi services are available outside the airport terminal building 24 hours a day.
There are plans to connect the airport with the Thessaloniki Metro network, which is set to open in 2023 after delays. Attiko Metro, the company overseeing the project, has published a map of proposed extensions, and it includes an overground extension of Line 2 towards the airport. This extension is not an immediate concern for the company, however, since the terminus of Line 2, Mikra, will be connected with the airport by a 10-minute shuttle bus. Detailed planning of the metro extension toward the airport was initiated in March 2019.
In the meantime, the airport is served on a 24-hour basis by bus 01X/01N of the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH), which provides bus services between the Thessaloniki Bus Station (KTEL) and Makedonia airport arrivals/departures.
Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons