There Was A Crooked Man
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There Was A Crooked Man
"There Was a Crooked Man"
BookOfNurseryRhymes90.jpg
Nursery rhyme
Published1842
Unknown
Alexander Leslie is reputed to be the crooked old man

"There Was a Crooked Man" is an English nursery rhyme. It has a Roud Folk Song Index number of 1826.[1]

Origin

The rhyme was first recorded in print by James Orchard Halliwell in 1842:[2]

There was a crooked man, and he went a crooked mile,
He found a crooked sixpence against a crooked stile;
He bought a crooked cat, which caught a crooked mouse,
And they all liv'd together in a little crooked house.

It gained popularity in the early twentieth century.[3] One legend suggests[4] that this nursery rhyme originated in the once prosperous wool merchant's village of Lavenham, about 70 miles northeast of London, having been inspired by its multicolored half-timbered houses leaning at irregular angles as if they are supporting each other. Other sources[5] state that the poem originates from British history, specifically the period of the Scottish Stuart King Charles I of England (1600-1649).

Popular Culture

The crooked man is reputed to be the Scottish General Sir Alexander Leslie, who signed a covenant securing religious and political freedom for Scotland. The "crooked stile" in the poem was the alliance between the parliaments of England and Scotland or the border between the two, depending on the source. "They all lived together in a little crooked house" refers to the fact that the English and Scots had at last come to an agreement, despite the continuing great animosity between the two peoples, who nonetheless had to live with each other due to their common border.[6][7]

The great recoinage around 1696 led to sixpence coins that were made of very thin silver and were easily bent, becoming "crooked".[8]

The Crooked Man rhyme is featured as a possessed/haunted object in The Conjuring 2.

The title was used for the 1960 Norman Wisdom film, There Was a Crooked Man, as a pun for a 'crooked' politician.

Related writing

--And He Built a Crooked House-- is a science fiction short story by American writer, Robert A. Heinlein, first published in Astounding Science Fiction in February 1941. The house was based on a four-dimensional tesseract, with eight cubical rooms.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Roud Folksong Index S299349 There was a crooked man and he walked a crooked mile". Vaughan Williams Memorial Library. English Folk Dance and Song Society. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Halliwell, James Orchard (1842). The Nursery Rhymes of England. London: C. Richards. p. 30.
  3. ^ I. Opie and P. Opie, The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes (Oxford University Press, 1951, 2nd edn., 1997), p. 340.
  4. ^ Taylor, Bob (12 September 2011). "Lavenham, England: Part one of four great little places". Washington Times. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Alchin, Linda (2013). "There was a Crooked Man". The Secret History of Nursery Rhymes (2nd ed.). Surrey, UK: Neilsen.
  6. ^ Here Comes A Chopper to Chop Off Your Head - The Dark Side of Childhood
  7. ^ The Secret History of Nursery Rhymes Page 43
  8. ^ The British Almanac, 1856, page 17
  9. ^ Astounding Science Fiction Feb. 1941, as cited by http://www.physics.emory.edu/~weeks/sea/astounding-science-fiction/4102.htm and http://www.andrew-may.com/asf/list.htm



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