The Strangers (American Band)
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The Strangers American Band
The Strangers
Roy Nichols, lead guitarist of the Strangers.
Roy Nichols, lead guitarist of the Strangers.
Background information
OriginBakersfield, California, United States
Western Swing
Bakersfield Sound
LabelsCapitol Records
MCA Records
MembersDoug Colosio
Jeff Ingraham
Scott Joss
Merle Haggard
Biff Adam
Paul Anastasio
Johnny Barber
Jimmy Belken
Eddie Burris
James Burton
Glen Campbell
Renato Caranto
Jim Christie
Gary Church
Eddie Curtis
Iris DeMent
Terry Domingue
Floyd Domino
Wayne Durham
George French
Johnny Gimble
Ben Haggard
Dana Haggard
Noel Haggard
Theresa Haggard
Norman Hamlet
Dennis Hromek
Red Lane
Abe Manuel
Joe Manuel
Don Markham
Randy Mason
Will McGregor
Johnny Meeks
Eugene Moles
Ralph Mooney
Tiny Moore
Marcia Nichols
Roy Nichols
Fuzzy Owen
Bonnie Owens
Gene Price
Taras Prodaniuk
Joe Reed
Ronnie Reno
Sheril Rodgers
Eldon Shamblin
Clint Strong
Gordon Terry
Jimmy Tittle
Kenny Vernon
Redd Volkaert
Jerry Ward
Bobby Wayne
Mark Yeary

The Strangers are an American country band that formed in 1966 in Bakersfield, California. They mainly served as the backup band for singer-songwriter Merle Haggard, who named them after his first hit single "(My Friends Are Gonna Be) Strangers".[1] In addition to serving as his backing band, members of the Strangers also produced many of Haggard's records, sang lead vocals on select tracks, and co-wrote many of Haggard's songs with him, including the No. 1 singles, "Okie From Muskogee" and "I Always Get Lucky with You".

From 1969 to 1973, they issued several records independent of Haggard, released on Capitol Records, and even had their own Top 10 hit single called "Street Singer" on the Billboard Hot Country Songs Chart. Three members of the Strangers would go on to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Between 1969 and 1987, the Strangers were voted Band of the Year by the Academy of Country Music eight times--more than any other group in history.[2]


Ralph Mooney, original steel guitarist for the Strangers.


Lead guitarist Roy Nichols (October 21, 1932 - July 3, 2001) was from Chandler, Arizona, and had previously played with the Maddox Brothers and Rose, Lefty Frizzell, Wynn Stewart, and Johnny Cash before playing with the Strangers from 1965 until 1987, when health problems forced him into retirement.[3] Duncan, Oklahoma-born steel guitarist Ralph Mooney (September 16, 1928 - March 20, 2011) had previously played with Wynn Stewart and written the song "Crazy Arms", and after leaving the Strangers recorded a duo album with James Burton and then joined Waylon Jennings band.[4]

Norm Hamlet (born February 27, 1935 in Woodville, California) joined the Strangers on steel guitar in 1967 and, shortly afterward, became its bandleader.[5] Howard "Jerry Ward" Lowe was the Strangers original bass player and George French (March 6, 1926 - August 14, 1992) played the piano.[6] But when Ward left, Willard "Gene" Price (February 27, 1944 - August 13, 2013) from Shamrock, Texas replaced him on bass just in time for the Okie from Muskogee album in 1969, on which he also sang lead vocals.[7] Tulsa, Oklahoma-born Roy "Eddie" Burris (October 27, 1931 - April 19, 2011), the drummer for the Strangers, co-wrote the title track "Okie From Muskogee" with Merle Haggard.[8]


Clair "Biff" Adam (April 19, 1936 - March 7, 2020) from Reading, Pennsylvania, replaced Burris as the Strangers drummer in 1970 and also served as Merle's publicist and bus driver.[9] On the album, The Fightin' Side of Me, the Strangers added rhythm guitarist Robert "Bobby Wayne" Edrington (December 11, 1941 - September 21, 2009) from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and they got their own showcase on the instrumental "Stealin' Corn".[10] A second rhythm guitarist, Marcia "Nichols" Ashcraft (May 23, 1950 - October 1976), also joined the band [11]

Gordon Terry, fiddle player for the Strangers.

After Bobby Wayne and Marcia Nichols left, Ronnie Reno (born September 28, 1947 in Buffalo, South Carolina) of Reno and Smiley and the Osborne Brothers joined the Strangers on rhythm guitar, and he also produced Merle's duo album with Mac Wiseman as well as Merle's The Bluegrass Sessions.[12] Ronnie would also sing lead vocals on albums like Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album.[13] Gaffney, South Carolina-born Johnny Meeks (April 16, 1937 - July 30, 2015), previously a member of Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps, the Champs, and Michael Nesmith and the Second National Band, played bass with the Strangers in the early 1970s and later got inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[14] After Meeks left, Jimmy Tittle (born December 1, 1956) played bass with the band.[15] After leaving the Strangers, Tittle would go on to play with his father-in-law Johnny Cash.[16] He was replaced by bassist Sherman "Wayne" Durham (July 8, 1947 - April 13, 2016.)

Bakersfield, California-born saxophonist Don Markham (November 28, 1931 - February 24, 2017), who had played with Sly & the Family Stone, the Ventures, the Bakersfield Brass, and Johnny Paycheck played with the Strangers from 1974 to 2013.[17] In the mid-1970s, former Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys guitarist Estel "Eldon" Shamblin (April 24, 1916 - August 5, 1998), who was born in Clinton, Oklahoma, was invited to join the Strangers.[18] After retiring from the Strangers, Eldon Shamblin would continue to perform with them whenever they played in Tulsa.[19] Electric mandolinist Billie "Tiny" Moore (May 12, 1920 - December 15, 1987) from Port Arthur, Texas also joined the Strangers during the 1970s.[20] Like Eldon Shamblin, Tiny Moore had also been a member of Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys.[21]

In the late 1970s Decatur, Alabama-born Gordon Terry (October 7, 1931 - April 9, 2006) joined the Strangers on fiddle.[22] Terry had previously played with Bill Monroe, Faron Young, and Johnny Cash.[23]


After Gordon Terry left the band, fiddler Jimmy Belken (May 25, 1931 - August 19, 2000) joined the Strangers.[24] Born in Dallas, Texas, Belken had previously played with Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys as well as Mel Tillis and the Statesiders.[25] In addition to serving as Strangers bassist, Dennis Hromek (born November 12, 1940) would also sing some lead vocals at Strangers shows.[26] When Hromek left Bobby Wayne returned to the Strangers, this time playing bass.[27] Other noteworthy members of the band included Princeton, Illinois-born trumpet player Gary Church (March 26, 1951 - June 22, 2018), and Los Angeles, California-born keyboardist Mark Yeary (1952 - January 17, 2020), who also served as Merle's co-producer on his records.[28] Clint Strong (born in 1966), who had studied under Stan Kenton, joined the Strangers on lead guitar during the mid-1980s.[29] Sheril Rodgers (born in 1953), co-wrote with Merle and singer/songwriter Freddy Powers. Sheril toured with the Strangers as backup singer from 1983-1984 and co-wrote "Let's Chase Each Other Around the Room Tonight".


Albums credited to the Strangers

Released Album US Country Label
February 23, 1969 The Instrumental Sounds of Merle Haggard's Strangers 36 Capitol Records
April 6, 1970 Introducing My Friends the Strangers 34
October 5, 1970 Getting to Know Merle Haggard's Strangers 44
June 21, 1971 Honky Tonkin' 34
May 1, 1973 Totally Instrumental...With One Exception 23

Singles credited to the Strangers

Released Single Chart positions Album
US Country CAN Country Bubbling Under Hot 100
April 18, 1970 "Street Singer" 9 1 24 Introducing My Friends the Strangers

Albums credited to Merle Haggard and the Strangers

Released Album US Country Label
April 11, 1966 Just Between the Two of Us (with Bonnie Owens) 4 Capitol Records
October 17, 1966 Swinging Doors 1
April 3, 1967 I'm a Lonesome Fugitive 3
August 28, 1967 Branded Man 1
January 8, 1968 Sing Me Back Home 1
April 8, 1968 The Legend of Bonnie & Clyde 6
September 9, 1968 Mama Tried 4
February 10, 1969 Pride in What I Am 11
May 12, 1969 Same Train, a Different Time 1
September 15, 1969 A Portrait of Merle Haggard 3
December 29, 1969 Okie from Muskogee 1
July 6, 1970 The Fightin' Side of Me 1
November 16, 1970 A Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World (or, My Salute to Bob Wills) 2
March 15, 1971 Hag 1
August 16, 1971 Someday We'll Look Back 4
November 8, 1971 The Land of Many Churches 15
March 6, 1972 Let Me Tell You About a Song 7
November 20, 1972 It's Not Love (But It's Not Bad) 1
May 13, 1973 I Love Dixie Blues 1
February 18, 1974 If We Make It Through December 4
September 17, 1974 Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album 1
April 21, 1975 Keep Movin' On 1
February 16, 1976 It's All in the Movies 1
July 5, 1976 My Love Affair with Trains 7
November 22, 1976 The Roots of My Raising 8
September 12, 1977 A Working Man Can't Get Nowhere Today 28

Singles credited to Merle Haggard and the Strangers

Year Single Peak chart positions Album
US Country US Hot 100 Canada Country US Adult Contemporary
1966 "Just Between the Two of Us" (with Bonnie Owens) 28 -- -- -- Just Between the Two of Us with Bonnie Owens
"Swinging Doors" 5 -- -- -- Swinging Doors
"The Bottle Let Me Down" 3 -- -- --
1967 "I'm a Lonesome Fugitive" 1 -- -- -- I'm a Lonesome Fugitive
"Someone Told My Story" 32 -- -- --
"I Threw Away the Rose" 2 -- -- -- Branded Man
"Branded Man" 1 -- -- --
1968 "Sing Me Back Home" 1 -- 7 -- Sing Me Back Home
"The Legend of Bonnie and Clyde" 1 -- 3 -- The Legend of Bonnie & Clyde
"Mama Tried" 1 -- 1 -- Mama Tried
1969 "I Take a Lot of Pride in What I Am" 3 -- 1 -- Pride in What I Am
"Hungry Eyes" 1 -- 2 -- A Portrait of Merle Haggard
"Workin' Man Blues" 1 -- 1 --
"Okie from Muskogee" 1 41 3 -- Okie from Muskogee
1970 "The Fightin' Side of Me" 1 92 1 -- The Fightin' Side of Me
1971 "Jesus, Take a Hold" 3 107 3 -- Hag
"I Can't Be Myself" b/w "Sidewalks of Chicago" 3 106 2 --
"Soldier's Last Letter" 3 90 -- --
"Someday We'll Look Back" 2 119 2 -- Someday We'll Look Back
"Carolyn" 1 58 2 35
1972 "Daddy Frank (The Guitar Man)" 1 -- 2 -- Let Me Tell You About a Song
"Grandma Harp" b/w "Turnin' Off a Memory" 1 -- 5 --
"It's Not Love (But It's Not Bad)" 1 -- 1 -- It's Not Love (But It's Not Bad)
1973 "I Wonder If They Ever Think of Me" 1 -- 1 -- I Love Dixie Blues
"The Emptiest Arms in the World" 3 -- 12 --
"Everybody's Had the Blues" 1 62 1 --
1974 "If We Make It Through December" 1 28 1 16 If We Make It Through December
"Things Aren't Funny Anymore" 1 -- 2 -- Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album
"Old Man from the Mountain" 1 -- 1 --
1975 "Kentucky Gambler" 1 -- 1 -- Keep Movin' On
"Always Wanting You" 1 -- 3 --
"Movin' On" 1 -- 15 --
1976 "It's All in the Movies" 1 -- 11 -- It's All in the Movies
"The Roots of My Raising" 1 -- 7 -- The Roots of My Raising
"Cherokee Maiden" b/w "What Have You Got Planned Tonight Diana" 1 -- 1 --
"Here Comes the Freedom Train" 10 -- 1 -- My Love Affair with Trains
1977 "A Working Man Can't Get Nowhere Today" 16 -- 8 -- A Working Man Can't Get Nowhere Today
"Running Kind" b/w "Making Believe" 12 -- 10 --
1978 "The Way It Was in '51" 82 -- 58 -- The Way It Was in '51

Albums credited to Bonnie Owens and the Strangers

Year Album US Country Label
1967 All of Me Belongs to You 35 Capitol Records
1969 Somewhere Between 34
Lead Me On -
1970 Mother's Favorite Hymns -

Singles credited to Bonnie Owens and the Strangers

Debut Song US Country Album
November 19, 1966 Consider the Children 69 All of Me Belongs To You
February 15, 1969 Lead Me On 68 Lead Me On

Albums credited to Leona Williams and the Strangers

Year Album US Country Label
1976 San Quentin's First Lady - MCA Records

The Strangers as Backing Band

Contribution to Merle Haggard Albums


Song Songwriter Album Year
Falling For You Ralph Mooney Strangers 1965
Mary's Mine Jerry Ward I'm a Lonesome Fugitive 1967
Blue Rock Roy Nichols and Norm Hamlet Okie from Muskogee 1969
In The Arms of Love (Gene Price on lead vocal) Gene Price and Buck Owens
Okie From Muskogee Eddie Burris and Merle Haggard
Hammin' It Up Norm Hamlet The Fightin' Side of Me 1970
Harold's Super Service Bobby Wayne
Stealin' Corn Roy Nichols and Norm Hamlet
Champagne Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet, and Biff Adam I Love Dixie Blues 1973
Come On Into My Arms Marcia Nichols If We Make It Through December 1974
Girl Who Made Me Laugh Roy Nichols and Merle Haggard Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album
It Don't Bother Me Mark Yeary
Travelin' (Ronnie Reno on lead vocal) Tiny Moore and Ronnie Reno
I've Got A Darlin' Ronnie Reno and Merle Haggard Keep Movin' On 1975
After Loving You Ronnie Reno, Merle Haggard, and Leona Williams It's All in the Movies 1976
Cotton Patch Blues Tiny Moore, Bob Wills, and Billy Joe Moore
I Won't Give Up My Train Mark Yeary My Love Affair with Trains
Union Station Ronnie Reno
I Always Get Lucky with You Gary Church, Merle Haggard, Freddy Powers, and Tex Whitson Big City 1981
I Think I'm Gonna Live Forever Dennis Hromek, Merle Haggard, and Benny Binion
Silver Eagle Gary Church and Freddy Powers A Taste of Yesterday's Wine 1982
My Life's Been Grand Gordon Terry and Merle Haggard Out Among the Stars 1986


Producer Album Year
Roy Nichols Goin' Home for Christmas 1982
Mark Yeary 5:01 Blues 1989
Mark Yeary Blue Jungle 1990
Ronnie Reno The Bluegrass Sessions 2007
Ronnie Reno Timeless 2015

Lead Vocal

Lead Singer Song Album Year
Gene Price In The Arms of Love Okie from Muskogee 1969
Ronnie Reno Travelin' Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album 1974

Liner Notes

Liner Notes Writer Album Year
Mark Yeary Keep Movin' On 1975

Merle Call-Outs

Merle Haggard famously called out members of the Strangers by name on his records prior to their solos. He sometimes prefixed their name with "Brother," as in the song "I Think I'll Just Stay Here and Drink" when he called out "Brother Don" Markham. For 20 years (1969 - 1989) he regularly called out 16 different members of the Strangers and 14 guest musicians on 70 songs on 31 different albums. Roy Nichols received the most call-outs (42), followed by Norm Hamlet (24), Tiny Moore (13), Mark Yeary (10), and Don Markham (9). Below is a list of all the songs and Stranger call-outs Merle made over his career. Not listed are callouts the Strangers received by others than Merle, such as when Leona Williams called out Roy Nichols during "Yes Ma'am This One Can" on her 1976 Strangers-backed album "San Quentin's First Lady," or when Rose Maddox called Roy Nichols out prior to his "Downtown Modesto" solo on her 1983 Strangers-backed album "Queen of the West."

Song Call-Outs Album Year
Mule Skinner Blues James Burton, Roy Nichols Same Train, a Different Time 1969
No Hard Times Roy Nichols
Silver Wings Okie from Muskogee
Blue Rock
In The Arms of Love Gene Price
Brain Cloudy Blues Eldon Shamblin, Tiny Moore, Roy Nichols, Johnny Gimble A Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World (or, My Salute to Bob Wills) 1970
Stay a Little Longer Biff Adam, Dennis Hromek, George French, Joe Holley, Tiny Moore, Roy Nichols, Alex Brashear
Misery Johnnie Lee Wills, Eldon Shamblin, Tiny Moore, Roy Nichols
Roly Poly Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet, Alex Brashear
Old Fashioned Love Tiny Moore
Corrine, Corrina Johnny Gimble, George French, Joe Holley, Tiny Moore
Take Me Back to Tulsa George French, Johnny Gimble, Tiny Moore, Joe Holley
Trouble in Mind George French Down Every Road 1962-1994
Corrine, Corrina Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet, Chubby Wise The Fightin' Side of Me
Every Fool Has a Rainbow Roy Nichols
T.B. Blues Norm Hamlet
When Did Right Become Wrong? Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols
Harold's Super Service Bobby Wayne, Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet
Stealin' Corn Biff Adam, Dennis Hromek, Bobby Wayne, Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols Introducing My Friends the Strangers
Blue Rock Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet
Where Could I Go But To The Lord? Bobby Wayne The Land of Many Churches 1971
I've Done It All Hag
Stumblin Al Bruno, Earl Poole Ball, Johnny Gimble, Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet Honky Tonkin'
Bring It on Down to My House, Honey Billy Leibert, Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet Let Me Tell You About a Song 1972
Big Bad Bill (Is Sweet William Now) Roy Nichols I Love Dixie Blues 1973
I Ain't Got Nobody
Nobody Knows I'm Hurtin'
The Emptiest Arms in the World Norm Hamlet
Way Down Yonder in New Orleans Gene Bowen, Dale Hampton, Biff Adam
Sitting on Top of the World Roy Nichols, Marcia Nichols Totally Instrumental...With One Exception
I'm an Old Man Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols, Johnny Gimble If We Make It Through December 1974
Come On into My Arms Roy Nichols
Honky Tonk Night Time Man Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet Merle Haggard Presents His 30th Album
A Man's Gotta Give Up a Lot Tiny Moore, Roy Nichols Keep Movin' On 1975
Cotton Patch Blues Eldon Shamblin, Tiny Moore, Roy Nichols It's All in the Movies 1976
Living with The Shades Pulled Down Tiny Moore
Stingaree Roy Nichols, Glen Hardin
Gambling Polka Dot Blues Roy Nichols, Norm Hamlet The Roots of My Raising
Moanin' the Blues Glen Hardin, Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols A Working Man Can't Get Nowhere Today 1977
Silver Wings Don Markham Live from Austin, TX '78 1978
Old Fashioned Love Mark Yeary, Roy Nichols
Brain Cloudy Blues
Cherokee Maiden Norm Hamlet, Don Markham
Got Lonely Too Early Don Markham, Jimmy Capps Serving 190 Proof 1979
(Remember Me) I'm the One Who Loves You Roy Nichols, Don Markham The Way I Am 1980
I Think I'll Just Stay Here and Drink Don Markham Back to the Barrooms
Keep On the Sunny Side Gordon Terry, Roy Nichols Songs for the Mama That Tried 1981
I'm a Lonesome Fugitive Roy Nichols Rainbow Stew Live at Anaheim Stadium
Rainbow Stew Mark Yeary, Don Markham
Fiddle Breakdown Tiny Moore, Gordon Terry
Good Old American Guest Mark Yeary, Tiny Moore Big City
I Always Get Lucky with You Don Markham, Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols
I Can't Hold Myself in Line Roy Nichols, Don Markham, Jimmy Murphy, Norm Hamlet Johnny Paycheck's Mr. Hag Told My Story
Blue Yodel #2 Norm Hamlet, Don Markham The Epic Collection (Recorded Live) 1983
Trouble in Mind Tiny Moore
(My Friends Are Gonna Be) Strangers Roy Nichols
Workin' Man Blues
You Can't Break the Chains of Love Norm Hamlet Heart to Heart
Waitin' on the Good Life to Come Roy Nichols, Mark Yeary
Don't Ever Let Your Love Sleep Alone Mark Yeary
Sally Let Your Bangs Hang Down Tiny Moore, Jimmy Belken, Roy Nichols, Mark Yeary, Norm Hamlet
All I Want to Do Is Sing My Song Tiny Moore It's All in the Game 1984
Thank Heaven for Little Girls Jimmy Belken
You Nearly Lose Your Mind Norm Hamlet, Roy Nichols
The Okie from Muskogee's Comin' Home Roy Nichols, Mark Yeary Live from Austin, TX '85 1985
Take Me Back to Tulsa Gary Church
I Knew the Moment I Lost You Norm Hamlet
Ida Red Norm Hamlet, Clint Strong, Jimmy Belken
The Okie from Muskogee's Comin' Home Roy Nichols, Clint Strong, Mark Yeary A Friend in California 1986
Broken Friend Mark Yeary 5:01 Blues 1989


Academy of Country Music Band of the Year Awards

Year ACM Band of the Year
1966 Nominated
1969 Winner
1973 Nominated
1974 Winner
1976 Nominated
1981 Winner
1982 Nominated
1987 Winner
1988 Nominated

Music City News (Now named CMT Music Awards) Band of the Year Awards

Year Music City News (Now CMT Music Awards) Band of the Year
1971 Winner

Academy of Country Music Awards Won With Merle Haggard

Year Award Recording
1969 Album of the Year Okie from Muskogee
Song of the Year Okie From Muskogee
Single of the Year

Country Music Association Awards Won With Merle Haggard

Academy of Country Music Individual Nominations

Year Guitarist of the Year Steel Guitarist of the Year Keyboardist of the Year Bassist of the Year Drummer of the Year Fiddler of the Year Specialty Instrument Player of the Year Most Promising Vocalist Song(writer) of the Year
1965 - - George French - - - - - -
1966 - Ralph Mooney George French - - - - - -
1967 - Ralph Mooney - Jerry Ward Biff Adam - - - -
1968 - Ralph Mooney - - Biff Adam - - - -
1969 Roy Nichols Norm Hamlet - - Biff Adam Gordon Terry - - -
1970 - - - Dennis Hromek Biff Adam Gordon Terry - Bobby Wayne -
1971 - Norm Hamlet - Dennis Hromek Biff Adam Gordon Terry - - -
1972 Roy Nichols Norm Hamlet - Dennis Hromek Biff Adam - - - -
1973 Roy Nichols - - - Biff Adam - - - -
1974 - - - - Biff Adam - - - -
1975 - - - - Biff Adam - - - -
1976 - - - - Biff Adam - - - -
1978 - Ralph Mooney - - - - - - -
1979 - Ralph Mooney - - - Gordon Terry - - -
1980 - Ralph Mooney - - - - - - -
1981 Roy Nichols Ralph Mooney - - Biff Adam - - - -
1982 - - - - - Gordon Terry Don Markham - -
1983 - - - - - - Tiny Moore - Gary Church
1987 - Norm Hamlet Mark Yeary - Biff Adam - - - -
1988 - Norm Hamlet - - - - - - -

Strangers in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

Stranger Year Inducted Band Inducted With Inducted By
Tiny Moore 1999 Texas Playboys Chris Isaak
Eldon Shamblin
Johnny Meeks 2012 Blue Caps Smokey Robinson

Timeline 1966-1991

Further reading


  1. ^ "The Life & Times of Merle Haggard". Rolling Stone. October 1, 2009.
  2. ^ "Merle Haggard Obituary". The Guardian. April 6, 2016.
  3. ^ "Roy Nichols; Merle Haggard's Guitarist". Los Angeles Times. July 4, 2001.
  4. ^ "Country star Ralph Mooney Dies". Variety. March 22, 2011.
  5. ^ "My Friends Are Gonna Be Strangers". Country Music Hall of Fame. April 11, 2012.
  6. ^ "Country Music Star, Wife of Local Legends Dies". The Bakersfield Californian. April 25, 2006.
  7. ^ Rubin, Rachel Lee (2018). "The Bakersfield Sound: Hag Gets Hard". Merle Haggard's Okie from Muskogee. ISBN 9781501321450.
  8. ^ "Eddie Burris Helped Make 'Okie from Muskogee' a Hit". Tulsa World. April 20, 2011.
  9. ^ "Merle Haggard: Under the Growl, a Crooner". The New York Times. July 29, 1993.
  10. ^ "Merle Haggard". Vintage Guitar. July 2014.
  11. ^ Erlewine, Michael (1997). "Merle Haggard". All Music Guide To Country. ISBN 9780879304751.
  12. ^ "Ronnie Reno, Bluegrass Music's Youngest Old Timer". Bluegrass Unlimited. July 1, 2013.
  13. ^ Erlewine, Michael (1997). "Merle Haggard". AllMusic Guide To Country. ISBN 9780879304751.
  14. ^ "Johnny Meeks, Former Gene Vincent & His Blue Caps Guitarist, Dead at 78". Guitar World. August 2, 2015.
  15. ^ Waddell, Hugh (2004). "Jimmy Tittle". I Still Miss Someone. ISBN 9781581823981.
  16. ^ Streissguth, Michael (2006). "Addiction". Johnny Cash: The Biography. ISBN 9780306815911.
  17. ^ "Don Markham, Longtime Merle Haggard Band Member, Dead at Age 85". Rolling Stone. February 27, 2017.
  18. ^ "Eldon Shamblin, 82, Guitarist for Texas Playboys". The New York Times. August 8, 1988.
  19. ^ "Obituary: Eldon Shamblin". The Independent. August 12, 1998.
  20. ^ "Merle Haggard Talks Music and Life". U-T San Diego. February 29, 2012.
  21. ^ "Tiny Moore & Jethro Burns: Back To Back". All About Jazz. April 7, 2005.
  22. ^ "Watch Merle Haggard's 'Austin City Limits' Debut". Rolling Stone. April 18, 2016.
  23. ^ "Funeral Services Scheduled for Fiddler Gordon Terry". CMT. April 10, 2006.
  24. ^ "Merle Haggard". The Washington Post. April 10, 1995.
  25. ^ Dempsey, John Mark (2002). "I'll Die With Them, If They'll Keep Me That Long". The Light Crust Doughboys Are On The Air. ISBN 9781574411515.
  26. ^ "Merle Haggard's Performance Rewards Audience's Wait". The Oklahoman. January 16, 1984.
  27. ^ "Merle Haggard". Tulsa World. June 10, 1989.
  28. ^ "Ornery". The New Yorker. February 12, 1990.
  29. ^ "Merle Haggard's Diverse Influences". SFGate. November 25, 2015.

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