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Stereo, skeletal formula of tetrahydroxyborate with a dimension
Ball and stick model of tetrahydroxyborate
IUPAC name
Systematic IUPAC name
Tetrahydroxyboranuide[1] (substitutive)
Tetrahydroxidoborate(1-)[1] (additive)
3D model (JSmol)
  • InChI=1S/BH4O4/c2-1(3,4)5/h2-5H/q-1 checkY
  • O[B-](O)(O)O
Molar mass 78.840 g mol-1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Tetrahydroxyborate (systematically named tetrahydroxyboranuide and tetrahydroxidoborate(1-)) is an inorganic anion with the chemical formula (also written as or ). It contributes no colour to tetrahydroxyborate salts. It is found in the mineral hexahydroborite, Ca(B(OH)4)2 o 2H2O (originally formulated CaB2O4 o 6H2O).[2] It is classified as a weak base.

Chemical properties


Tetrahydroxyborate can assimilate a proton into the anion by recombination:





Because of this capture of a proton , tetrahydroxyborate has Arrhenius-basic character. Its protonation product is boric acid. In aqueous solution, most tetrahydroxyborate ions are undissociated.[]






It is a boron oxoanion with a tetrahedral geometry.[3] It is isoelectronic with the hypothetical compound orthocarbonic acid.

Chemical reactions

Tetrahydroxyborate undergoes the typical chemical reactions of a hydroxyborate. Upon treatment with a standard acid, it converts to boric acid and a metal salt. Oxidation of tetrahydroxyborate gives perborate. When heated to a high temperature, tetrahydroxyborate salts decompose to produce metaborate salts and water, or to produce boric acid and a metal hydroxide:

n [B(OH)4]- -> (BO-
)n + 2n 
[B(OH)4]- -> B(OH)3 + HO-


Tetrahydroxyborate is produced by boric acid alkalinisation. In this process boric acid and hydroxide anions react to produce tetrahydroxyborate according to the following reaction:

B(OH)3 + HO- -> [B(OH)4]-

This process also involves aquatrihydroxyboron as an intermediate, and occurs in two steps. No catalyst is needed for alkalinisation (step 2).

  1. B(OH)3 + -> [B(OH)3H2O]
  2. [B(OH)3H2O] + HO- -> [B(OH)4]- +

Catalytic amounts of water are used for the process. By altering the process conditions, other borate anions may also be produced on the same production site.


Tetrahydroxyborate can be used as a cross-link in polymers.


The tetrahydroxyborate anion is found in Na[B(OH)4],[4] Na2[B(OH)4]Cl and CuII[B(OH)4]Cl.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Tetrahydroxoborate(1-) (CHEBI:41132)". Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI). UK: European Bioinformatics Institute.
  2. ^ Glossary of Geology,5th edition, 2005, ISBN 978-0922152766 ed. by Julia A. Jackson, James P. Mehl, Klaus K. E. Neuendorf, American Geological Institute
  3. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 203-205. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.
  4. ^ L. J. Csetenyi; F. P. Glasser; R. A. Howie (June 1993). "Structure of sodium tetrahydroxyborate". Acta Crystallogr. C. 49 (6): 1039-1041. doi:10.1107/S0108270193000058.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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