Taihu Wu
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Taihu Wu
Taihu Wu
Native toPeople's Republic of China
RegionSouth Jiangsu province, North Zhejiang province, southeastern Anhui, and Shanghai. Linguistic exclave in Cangnan county in southern Zhejiang province.
Native speakers
(47 million cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
None (mis)
taiu
tupn
Glottologtaih1244
Linguasphere79-AAA-db

Taihu Wu () or Northern Wu (?) is a Wu Chinese language spoken over much of southern part of Jiangsu province, including Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, the southern part of Nantong, Jingjiang and Danyang; the municipality of Shanghai; and the northern part of Zhejiang province, including Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Ningbo, Huzhou, and Jiaxing. A notable exception is the dialect of the town of Jinxiang, which is a linguistic exclave of Taihu Wu in Zhenan Min-speaking Cangnan county of Wenzhou prefecture in Zhejiang province. Used in regions around Taihu Lake and Hangzhou Bay, this group makes up the largest population among all Wu speakers. Taihu Wu dialects such as Shanghainese, Shaoxing and Ningbo are mutually intelligible even for L2 Taihu speakers.

History

Linguistic affinity has also been used as a tool for regional identity and politics in the Jiangbei and Jiangnan regions. While the city of Yangzhou was the center of trade, flourishing and prosperous, it was considered part of Jiangnan, which was known to be wealthy, even though Yangzhou was north of the Yangzi River. Once Yangzhou's wealth and prosperity were gone, it was then considered to be part of Jiangbei, the "backwater".

After Yangzhou was removed from Jiangnan, many of its residents switched from Jianghuai Mandarin, the dialect of Yangzhou, to Taihu Wu dialects. In Jiangnan itself, multiple subdialects of Wu competed for the position of prestige dialect.[2]

In 1984, around 85 million speakers are mutually intelligible with Shanghainese.[3]

List of Taihu Wu dialect subgroups

  • Su–Jia–Hu (Suzhou–Jiaxing–Huzhou) , also known as Su–Hu–Jia (Suzhou–Shanghai–Jiaxing) - 23 million speakers in 1987[1]
  • Tiaoxi ? (now considered to be a subbranch or sister group to Suzhou–Shanghai–Jiaxing) - 3 million speakers in 1987[1]

Northwestern Wu

Northern Zhejiang

  • Lin–Shao ? - 7.8 million speakers in 1987[1]
  • Yongjiang ? or Mingzhou ? - 4 million speakers in 1987[1]
  • Jinxiang dialect (appears to be an isolate, but closely related to the Taihu Wu varieties of Northern Zhejiang.)

List of Taihu Wu dialects

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Sinolect.org
  2. ^ Dorothy Ko (1994). Teachers of the inner chambers: women and culture in seventeenth-century China (illustrated, annotated ed.). Stanford University Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-8047-2359-1. Retrieved 2011. jianghuai mandarin.
  3. ^ DeFrancis, John (1984), The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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