Suzuka City Office
Location of Suzuka in Mie Prefecture
|o Mayor||Noriko Suematsu (since May 2011)|
|o Total||194.46 km2 (75.08 sq mi)|
|o Density||1,010/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese zelkova|
|- Flower||Satsuki azalea|
|Address||1-18-18 Kanbe, Suzuka-shi, Mie-ken 513-8701|
Suzuka (, Suzuka-shi) is a city in Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of August 2015, the city had an estimated population of 196,853 and a population density of 1,010 persons per km2. Its area was 194.46 square kilometres (75.08 square miles).
Suzuka is in northeastern Mie Prefecture, in northern Kii Peninsula, bordered by Ise Bay to the east. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Ise-no-Umi Prefectural Natural Park and the Suzuka Quasi-National Park.
Suzuka, as a place name, is mentioned in the Nara period chronicle Nihon Shoki. The ancient T?kaid? passed through Suzuka, and the Nara-period provincial capital was within its borders. During the Sengoku period, the area was controlled by Oda Nobutaka, the third son of Oda Nobunaga, who ruled from Kanbe Castle. During the Edo period, much of the area was under the control of the 15,000 koku Kambe Domain, ruled by the Honda clan from 1732 until the Meiji restoration in 1871. During this period, two post stations were within the modern city limits: Ishiyakushi-juku and Sh?no-juku, which prospered due to pilgrimage traffic to the Ise Grand Shrines.
Suzuka boasts a significant industrial market, having major factories for Sharp and Honda in its bounds. These companies outsource part of their labor to South American nationals to secure a contract-based workforce.
Although the Japanese government encourages mandatory English-language education across the nation, in Suzuka many courses are offered by private cram schools (juku) and by publicly funded institutions supporting Portuguese and Spanish. In a controversial move, the city's governing body, from April 2004, requires all garbage information and local signage to be in Japanese and Portuguese (but not English).
Suzuka Circuit was the home of the Japanese Grand Prix from 1987 to 2006, and again from 2009. It is the only figure-eight circuit in the championship, and is very popular with the drivers, in spite of its numerous difficult bends. Located next to the circuit is the Honda Safety Riding/Driving School, where thousands of car and motorcycle drivers have been trained, including many police officers and instructors throughout the world.