|o Mayor||Rados?aw Dobrowolski|
|o Total||5.68 km2 (2.19 sq mi)|
|o Density||810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 85|
Supra?l is in Podlaskie Voivodeship (province) since 1999, previously in Bia?ystok Voivodeship (1975-1998) (1975-1998), and is in Bia?ystok County, about 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) northeast of Bia?ystok. It is the seat of the Gmina of Supra?l. Its population is 4,526 (2004).
The settlement was founded in the 16th century. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, it was annexed by Prussia. In 1807 it passed to the Russian Partition of Poland. In 1823, a 10th-century manuscript, the oldest Slavic literary work in Poland, named the Codex of Supra?l was discovered in the Supra?l Monastery by Micha? Bobrowski.
After 1831, the textile industry developed. In 1834 manufacturer Wilhelm Fryderyk Zachert came from Zgierz to Supra?l and significantly contributed to the development of the village into a town. Until the mid-19th century, it was the largest center of the textile industry in the region, before it was surpassed by nearby Bia?ystok. In the 19th century, mostly Catholics lived there, but also Protestants, Orthodox and Jews. During World War I from 1915 to 1919 it was occupied by the Germans. After 1919, in independent Poland. During World War II it was occupied by the Soviets from 1939 to 1941 and by the Germans from 1941 to 1944. The Soviets destroyed part of the monastery's interior, and the Germans destroyed most of the industrial plants.
It has had only three incumbents :
It is the home of the Supra?l Lavra, founded by Aleksander Chodkiewicz, one of six Eastern Orthodox monasteries for men in Poland. The Codex of Supra?l, the oldest Slavic literary work in Poland and one of the oldest of its kind in the world, is named after the Supra?l Lavra. Since September 2007 it has been on UNESCO's Memory of the World list. The Museum of Icons is located in the Chodkiewicz Palace within the monastery complex.
Other historic landmarks include the Buchholtz Palace, which now houses the Art High School, the Catholic churches of Our Lady Queen of Poland and of the Holy Trinity, the town hall, cinema, a 19th-century park and historic wooden architecture.
Monument to the Polish victory in the Polish-Soviet War in 1920 in the city park
Supra?l is twinned with: