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Supra?l
Monastery of the Annunciation in Supra?l
Flag of Supra?l
Flag
Coat of arms of Supra?l
Coat of arms
Supra?l is located in Poland
Supra?l
Supra?l
Coordinates: 53°13?N 23°20?E / 53.217°N 23.333°E / 53.217; 23.333Coordinates: 53°13?N 23°20?E / 53.217°N 23.333°E / 53.217; 23.333
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPodlaskie
CountyBia?ystok
GminaSupra?l
Government
 o MayorRados?aw Dobrowolski[1]
Area
 o Total5.68 km2 (2.19 sq mi)
Population
(2017[1])
 o Total4,621
 o Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
16-030
Area code(s)+48 85
Vehicle registrationBIA
Websitehttp://www.suprasl.pl

Supra?l (['supra?l]; Belarusian: ; Lithuanian: Suprasl?) is a town and former episcopal see in north-eastern Poland.

Supra?l is in Podlaskie Voivodeship (province) since 1999, previously in Bia?ystok Voivodeship (1975-1998) (1975-1998), and is in Bia?ystok County, about 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) northeast of Bia?ystok. It is the seat of the Gmina of Supra?l. Its population is 4,526 (2004).

History

Supra?l Monastery in the 1930s

The settlement was founded in the 16th century.[2] After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, it was annexed by Prussia. In 1807 it passed to the Russian Partition of Poland. In 1823, a 10th-century manuscript, the oldest Slavic literary work in Poland, named the Codex of Supra?l was discovered in the Supra?l Monastery by Micha? Bobrowski.

After 1831, the textile industry developed. In 1834 manufacturer Wilhelm Fryderyk Zachert came from Zgierz to Supra?l and significantly contributed to the development of the village into a town.[3] Until the mid-19th century, it was the largest center of the textile industry in the region, before it was surpassed by nearby Bia?ystok.[2] In the 19th century, mostly Catholics lived there, but also Protestants, Orthodox and Jews.[3] During World War I from 1915 to 1919 it was occupied by the Germans.[3] After 1919, in independent Poland. During World War II it was occupied by the Soviets from 1939 to 1941 and by the Germans from 1941 to 1944.[2] The Soviets destroyed part of the monastery's interior,[3] and the Germans destroyed most of the industrial plants.[2]

In 2001 Supra?l was recognized as a spa town.[3]

Ecclesiastical History

It has had only three incumbents :

Exempt Eparch (Bishops) of Supra?l of the Ruthenians

Supra?l is also a titular bishopric of the Polish Orthodox Church.

Culture and heritage

It is the home of the Supra?l Lavra, founded by Aleksander Chodkiewicz, one of six Eastern Orthodox monasteries for men in Poland. The Codex of Supra?l, the oldest Slavic literary work in Poland and one of the oldest of its kind in the world, is named after the Supra?l Lavra. Since September 2007 it has been on UNESCO's Memory of the World list. The Museum of Icons is located in the Chodkiewicz Palace within the monastery complex.

Other historic landmarks include the Buchholtz Palace, which now houses the Art High School, the Catholic churches of Our Lady Queen of Poland and of the Holy Trinity, the town hall, cinema, a 19th-century park and historic wooden architecture.

International relations

Town hall

Twin towns -- Sister cities

Supra?l is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Supra?l (podlaskie)". Polska w liczbach (in Polish). Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Supra?l". Encyklopedia PWN (in Polish). Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Historia Supra?la". Suprasl.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ in Bullarii romani continuatio, vol. VI, Part III, Prato 1849, pp. 3102-3109
  5. ^ Augustin Theiner, Die neuesten Zustände der Katholischen Kirche beider Ritus in Polen und Rußland seit Katharina II. bis auf unsere Tage, Augsburg 1841, pp. 296-300.
  6. ^ "Supra?l Information". DB City.com. Retrieved .

Sources and external links

Bibliography - ecclesiastical history
  • Augustin Theiner, Die neuesten Zustände der Katholischen Kirche beider Ritus in Polen und Rußland seit Katharina II. bis auf unsere Tage, Augsburg 1841
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 6, p. 389
  • Alfred Ignatowicz, Greckokatolicka diecezja supraska (1796-1807), in "Wiadomo?ci Ko?ciele Archidiecezji w bia?ymstoku" 1976, r. 2, nr 4, pp. 105-116.
  • Rados?aw Dobrowolski, Opat Supraski Biskup Leon Ludwik Jaworowski, Supra?l 2003, p. 333.
  • Nikolaj Dalmatov, Supraslskij Blagowescanskij Monastyr, St. Peterburg 1892, p. 611.
  • Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, vol. 71, Venice 1855, pp. 76-78
  • Leonard Dro?d?ewicz, Overheard in Suprasl Academy, ,,Znad Wilii", Vie?oji ?staiga ,,Znad Wilii" kult?ros pl?tros draugija, ISSN 1392-9712 indeks 327956, nr 1 (81) z 2020 r., pp. 91-97, (in Polish)http://www.znadwiliiwilno.lt/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Znad-Wilii-1-81m-1-1.pdf

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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