Springer Nature or the Springer Nature Group  is a German-British  academic publishing company created by the May 2015 merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Holtzbrinck Publishing Group's Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, and Macmillan Education.
The company originates from a number of journals and publishing houses, notably
Springer-Verlag, which was founded in 1842 by Julius Springer in Berlin (the grandfather of Bernhard Springer who founded  Springer Publishing in 1950 in New York),  Nature Publishing Group which publishes since 1869, Nature and  Macmillan Education, which goes back to Macmillan Publishers founded in 1843.
Springer Nature was formed in 2015 by the merger of Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan and Macmillan Education (held by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group) with Springer Science+Business Media (held by
BC Partners). Plans for the merger were first announced on 15 January 2015. The transaction was concluded in May 2015 with Holtzbrinck having the majority 53% share. 
IPO attempts in May 2018 and Autumn 2020
were unfruitful due to unfavorable market conditions.  
After the merger, former Springer Science+Business Media
CEO Derk Haank became CEO of Springer Nature. When he retired by the end of 2017, he was succeeded by  Daniel Ropers, the co-founder and long-time CEO of  bol.com. In September 2019, Ropers was replaced by  Frank Vrancken Peeters. 
The company is releasing a number of Policies & Reports,
including a  Modern Slavery Act statement, a Tax strategy, a gender pay gap report for Springer Nature's UK operations,  Editorial and publishing policies,  Code of conduct, etc.
The following major brands belong to the group (see also Subsidiaries):
Nature and its associated journals are considered by some as the world's leading scientific journals.
In 2017, the company agreed to block access to hundreds of articles on its Chinese site, cutting off access to articles on Tibet, Taiwan, and China's political elite.
The company retracted a paper in 2019, in its journal
BMC Emergency Medicine due to dubious peer-review process (a herpetologist could have denied the publication of the paper).
In August 2020, Springer Nature was reported to have rejected the publication of an article at the behest of its co-publisher,
Wenzhou Medical University, from a Taiwanese doctor because the word "China" was not placed after "Taiwan."
In July 2020, Springer Nature retracted a paper in the journal
due to dubious review process and criticism regarding racism. Society
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"The Mystery of the Exiled Billionaire Whistle-Blower". January 10, 2018.
retractionwatch (3 April 2020). "A snake bites once, but its picture is used twice".
Tang, Jane (1 September 2020). "Springer Nature Journal Rejects Article by Taiwan Doctor Over Country Name". Radio Free Asia . Retrieved 2020.
retractionwatch (31 July 2020). "Springer Nature retracts paper that hundreds called 'overtly racist. '"