Southern Kurdish
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Southern Kurdish
Southern Kurdish
Kurdish: ? ,
Native toEastern Iraq, Western Iran
Native speakers
3,000,000 in Iran, 350,000 in Turkey, Iraq[1]
  • Bayray
  • Feyli
  • Garrusi (Bijari)
  • Kermanshahi
  • Kolyai
  • Kordali
Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet)
Language codes
Kurdish languages map.svg
Geographic distribution of Kurdish and other Iranian languages spoken by Kurds

Southern Kurdish Language (Kurdish: ? , ‎, romanized: Zûwane Kurdîy ba?ûrî, Kurdiy xwarig),[2] also known as Kurdiy xwarîn is a Kurdish dialect predominantly spoken in Eastern Iraq and Western Iran.[3] In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah and Ilam. In Iraq, it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin, all the way to Mandali. It is also the dialect of the populous Kurdish Kakayî tribes near Kirkuk and most Yarsani Kurds in Kermanshah Province. There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish-speakers found in the Alburz mountains.

Native speakers use various different alphabets to write Southern Kurdish, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets.


The subdialects of Southern Kurdish are:[4]

  • Garrusi
  • Malekshahi
  • Sanjâbi: referring to the language of the Sanjâbi tribe.
  • Laki
  • Kalhori referring to the Kalhor tribe.

See also


  • Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. 55-62.


  1. ^ Southern Kurdish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Kurdish, Southern". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Kurdish language i. History of the Kurdish language". Iranica Online. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "OLAC resources in and about the Southern Kurdish language". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Vahid-e-Ranjbar, Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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