South Carolina's At-large Congressional Seat
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South Carolina's At-large Congressional Seat
South Carolina's at-largeth congressional district
Obsolete district
Created1870
Eliminated1875
Years active1873-1875

South Carolina was readmitted to Congress in 1868, after passage of the 14th Amendment. That amendment ended the three-fifths rule effectively raising the population of states that once had slavery. As a result, South Carolina and other slave states tried to seat extra members of Congress. South Carolina choose two additional congress members during an at-large election in 1870. In one of those, Johann Peter Martin Epping defeated Lucius W. Wimbush by 61 votes: 71803-71742. But the House refused to seat him and the other at-large winner. "A number of southern states upon readmission claimed that since their slaves were emancipated, they were entitled to larger delegations in the House. Epping's election falls in this category. The claims were rejected by the House."[1][2][3][4]

In 1873, South Carolina's apportionment in the United States House of Representatives was officially increased from 4 to 5 members. From 1873 to 1875, therefore, the state elected its fifth member at-large statewide. In 1875, the state redistricted its seats and the at-large seat was eliminated.

The at-large representative was Republican Richard H. Cain.

List of member representing the district

# Name Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
1 Richard Harvey Cain.jpg
Richard H. Cain
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
Retired.

References

  1. ^ Press, C. Q.; inc, Congressional Quarterly (2005). Guide to U.S. elections. CQ Press. ISBN 9781568029818. epping 71803 wimbush 71742.
  2. ^ Kalb, Deborah (2015-12-24). Guide to U.S. Elections. CQ Press. ISBN 9781483380384.
  3. ^ "Reports and resolutions of South Carolina to the General Assembly. 1870-71". HathiTrust. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "The Daily Phoenix from Columbia, South Carolina on November 10, 1870 · Page 3". Newspapers.com. Retrieved .
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

South_Carolina's_at-large_congressional_seat
 



 



 
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