South Bohemian Region
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South Bohemian Region

South Bohemia Region
Jiho?eský kraj
Jind?ich?v Hradec castle
Jind?ich?v Hradec castle
Flag of South Bohemia Region
Coat of arms of South Bohemia Region
Jihoceský kraj in Czech Republic.svg
CountryCzech Republic
Capital?eské Bud?jovice
Districts?eský Krumlov District, Jind?ich?v Hradec District, Písek District, Prachatice District, Strakonice District, Tábor District
 o GovernorMartin Kuba (ODS)
 o Total10,056.79 km2 (3,882.95 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,378 m (4,521 ft)
 o Total642,133
 o Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCZ-JC
Vehicle registrationC

The South Bohemian Region (Czech: Jiho?eský kraj; German: Südböhmische Region, pronounced [zy:tbø:m ?e'?i?o:n]) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mostly in the southern part of its historical land of Bohemia, with a small part in southwestern Moravia. The western part of the South Bohemian Region is former Prachens (Práche?sko), a huge archaic region with distinctive features with its capital, Písek. In 2011, there were 624 municipalities in the region, whereof 54 had a status of a town.

The region borders (from the west clockwise) the regions Plze?, Central Bohemia, Vyso?ina and South Moravia. To the south it borders Austria (Lower Austria and Upper Austria) and Germany (Bavaria). Until 30 May 2001, the region was named as Bud?jovický kraj or ?eskobud?jovický kraj, after its capital, ?eské Bud?jovice.

Due to its geographical location and natural surroundings the region belongs to the first settlements that appeared in the distant past. Over the past centuries, the South Bohemian region has been known for fishpond cultivation and forestry. The region has been industrialized since the beginning of the twentieth century. Nowadays, it is a tourist destination due to its natural and historical richness and the fastest growing industry has been the travel industry.[2]

Administrative divisions

The South Bohemian Region was established with constitutional lax No. 347/97 of Collections concerning the formation of higher territorial administrative units. The region and its authorities are specified by Act No. 129-2000 of Collections concerning regions, which came into effect on the day of the regional authorities elections, 1 January 2001.[3] The region is divided into 7 districts:

South Bohemia districts.png
Districts of South Bohemia Region

Population and area

The total area of the region is 10,056 km2 which is 12.8% of the total area of the Czech Republic. As of 2019, South Bohemia's population is 642,133 and with only 64 people per 1 km2 the region has the lowest population density in the whole country.

64.2% of the region's population lives in towns or cities. One-third of the inhabitants live in the five largest municipalities. Only 4% of region's population lives in municipalities with less than 200 inhabitants.

In 2011, the average age in the region is 41.2 years. Approximately 11% of inhabitants who were 15 years or older had a university degree (in 2001 this was 8%). According to the 2011 census, 20.6% of inhabitants in the region believe in God (however, almost half of the people did not answer this question). The table below gives an overview of towns and cities in the region that have at least 8,000 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2019).[4]

Other significant towns are: Vimperk, Da?ice, Kaplice, Sob?slav, Sezimovo Ústí, Vod?any, Blatná, Veselí nad Lu?nicí, Bechyn? and Protivín. The following table provides more details on the districts of the South Bohemia:

District Population Area Pop. Dens. No.of Settlements
?eské Bud?jovice (CB) 194,585 1,638.30 119 109
?eský Krumlov (CK) 61,381 1,615.03 38 47
Jind?ich?v Hradec (JH) 90,653 1,943.69 47 106
Písek (PI) 71,308 1,126.84 63 75
Prachatice (PT) 50,871 1,375.03 37 65
Strakonice (ST) 70,738 1,032.10 69 112
Tábor (TA) 102,497 1,326.01 77 110


Ple?né Lake

The central part of the South Bohemian Region consists of the ?eské Bud?jovice Basin and T?ebo? Basin. The southwest consists of the Bohemian Forest mountain range and its foothills, the Gratzen Mountains and its foothills are located to the south. The northern part of the region extends to the Central Bohemian Hills. The eastern part lies in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. The highest elevation in the region is the 1,378-metre (4,521 ft) high Plechý in the Bohemian Forest, the lowest elevation with 350 m (1,150 ft) above sea level is at the Orlík Dam.

The region is located in the drainage basin of Vltava river. Other significant rivers are Mal?e, Lu?nice, Otava, Ne?árka and Lomnice. South Bohemia is known for its many ponds. In the past, more than seven thousand ponds were established across the region. With its 489 ha Ro?mberk is the largest one, followed by Bezdrev (450 ha) and Horusice pond (415 ha). In the 20th century, a series of dams were constructed on the Vltava river. Lipno Dam is the largest dam in the Czech Republic and has an area of 4,870 ha. Other dams in the region are Orlík Dam, ?ímov Dam and Hn?vkovice Dam.[5]

A big part of the ?umava National Park is situated in South Bohemia. The Bohemian Forest is a holiday destination, in particular, with hikers.[] Many natural and cultural sights are connected with more than 500 km of summer marked trails and bike trails.[]


The climate in South Bohemia is of a transitional Central European type. It is affected alternatively by an oceanic influence from the west, and a continental influence from the east. Therefore, the weather can be variable. Most of the South Bohemian region belongs to the mild, warm and wet zone and at altitudes above 750 m, this passes to mild and cool. The warmest month is usually July, with temperatures averaging between 17 and 18 °C in valley areas. In higher localities (over 900 m) the temperatures can drop below 14 °C. Days with temperatures above 25 °C are most frequently in valley-basins, and the area around the confluence of the rivers Lu?nice and Vltava (Moldau): on average there are 40-50 such days a year.[6]


500ml bottle of Budweiser Budvar, as marketed in the UK

In 2010, the region produced 5% of the national GDP. The GDP per capita is 84% of the national average, which is the 8th highest among all regions. In 2011, the business sector in the South Bohemian Region comprises 159,000 entities, 114,000 of which were sole traders. There are more than 300 thousand people employed in the region, whereof 31% in industry, 13% in trade and 10% in construction sector. The average salary in the region in September 2013 was CZK 21,768 (approximately EUR 850). The unemployment rate in September 2013 was 6.05%.

The Region does not rank among key industrial areas of the Czech Republic. The industrial production is concentrated particularly in the area of ?eské Bud?jovice and in Tábor District and Strakonice District. The food and drink processing industries play a significant role in the region. Other important sectors are the automotive industry, production of machinery and appliances, and also the textile and clothing industries. Recently, the travel industry has become an important sector in the region.

The Czech Academy of Sciences, whose institutes operate all over the region, provides a good base for the development of science. These institutes focus mostly on biology and ecology. Scientific work is also part of the activities of the University of South Bohemia (Czech: Jiho?eská univerzita) with its headquarters in ?eské Bud?jovice and Jind?ich?v Hradec.

Approximately 11% of the national agricultural production is produced in the South Bohemian Region. The agricultural sector focuses on plant production, mostly on growing cereals, oil plants, and potatoes. In animal husbandry, the breeding of cattle and pigs prevails. Fishpond cultivation has a long tradition in South Bohemia. Fish husbandry in the total area of 25 000 ha makes up about 50% of the total national production.[7]


Rustic baroque in Hola?ovice

The region is famous for its small villages with a pond in the middle. These are generally built in the style of the Rustic Baroque, also known as South Bohemian Baroque:

"Rustic Baroque is a term for the unique architecture of South Bohemia. The local folk bricklayer masters Martin Paták and Franti?ek ?och created a new type of South Bohemian farmhouse with an ornate frontispiece in the middle of the 19th century. A typical building of this style is a massive rustic farmhouse with two richly decorated frontispieces, which are joined by an arched gate with small doors. The marshland frontispieces are beautifully decorated, they have lavish contours, the surface is usually divided by allusive decorative columns, completed by arches, stylised hearts, four-leafed clovers, meadow flowers."


External links


  1. ^ "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Characteristics of the South Bohemian Region; Available at:
  3. ^ Welcome to South Bohemian Region's websites Archived 14 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine (English)
  4. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Characteristics of the South Bohemian Region; Available at: Archived 17 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Climate; Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Population, Economy; Available at: Archived 1 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 49°05?N 14°40?E / 49.083°N 14.667°E / 49.083; 14.667

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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