Sima %C4%86irkovi%C4%87
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Sima %C4%86irkovi%C4%87
Sima ?irkovi?
Sima ?irkovi?, SANU.jpg
Born(1929-01-29)29 January 1929
Died14 November 2009(2009-11-14) (aged 80)
OccupationHistorian

Sima ?irkovi? (Serbian Cyrillic ; 29 January 1929 - 14 November 2009) was a Yugoslav and Serbian historian, and a member of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts. He was also a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Vojvodina Academy of Sciences and Arts.[1] His works focused on medieval Serbian history.

Life and education

Sima ?irkovi? was born on 29 January 1929 in Osijek, Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[2]

He attended primary school in Sombor, gymnasium in Belgrade during the WWII German Occupation of Serbia (1941 - 1944), and then in Sombor from 1945 to 1948.[2] He began his studies at the Faculty of Philosophy and History Studies in Belgrade in 1948, graduating in 1952. After a short stint at the State Archives in Zrenjanin and the National Library of Serbia, he was elected as an assistant at the Institute of History in Belgrade in 1955.[2] In 1957, he defended his doctoral dissertation Herceg Stefan Vuk?i? Kosa?a i njegovo doba and afterwards became an assistant professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Philosophy for the History of the People of Yugoslavia in the Middle Ages. He became a full Professor in 1968, was Vice-Dean from 1964 to 1966 and Dean from 1974 to 1975, and retired in 1994.[2]

Activism and viewpoints

In January 1975, ?irkovi? resigned from his position as Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Belgrade following the planned suspension of the dissident Marxist Humanist Praxis group, all of whom were professors at his faculty.[3]

In 1986 ?irkovi? criticized the Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, while during the Siege of Dubrovnik in 1991 he and other Yugoslav historians sent an open letter to the Yugoslavian forces asking them to not damage historical district of the city.[4][page needed]

He considered the theory of Kosovo Albanians being autochtonous in the territory of Kosovo to be a myth which will be pulverized by critical scientific approach.[5]

?irkovi? considered that Bosnia and Herzegovina should not be organised as a national state and that it should be a stable factor in connecting the neighbouring countries.[6]

According to ?irkovi?, the controversial SANU Memorandum should be considered to be "a so called Memorandum" because it was never adopted by the Academy and he claims that therefore calling the document to be a "memorandum" is a manipulation.[7]

Awards

  • "Oktobarska Award" (1965)
  • "Prosveta Award" (1972)
  • "Sedmojulska Award" of the Socialist Republic of Serbia for lifetime achievement (1982)
  • "Orden rada sa crvenom zastavom" (1988) (Order of labor with a red flag)
  • Belgrade Award (2006)
  • Konstantin Jirecek" Medal of the German Society for Southeast Europe (2006).[2]

Legacy

In 2006, Croatian historian Ivo Banac mentioned ?irkovi? as "the most significant living Serbian historian".[8]

Historians John R. Lampe and Constantin Iordachi describe ?irkovi? as "Serbia's leading medieval historian".[9]

Works

  • Ostaci starije dru?tvene strukture u bosanskom feudalnom dru?tvu, Istorijski glasnik 3-4, Belgrade,1958. 155-164. p.
  • Srednjovekovna srpska dr?ava-izabrani izvori, ?kolska knjiga, Zagreb, 1959.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1959). "Jedan prilog o banu Kulinu". Istorijski ?asopis. 9-10: 71-77.
  • ?etvtina, Nau?no delo, Belgrade,1963.
  • Die bosnische Kirche,Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei,Roma, 1963.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1964a). Istorija srednjovekovne bosanske dr?ave. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1964b). "Sugubi venac: Prilog istoriji kraljevstva u Bosni". Zbornik Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu. 8 (1): 343-370.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (2014) [1964]. "The Double Wreath: A Contribution to the History of Kingship in Bosnia". Balcanica. 45: 107-143.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1964v). Herceg Stefan Vuk?i?-Kosa?a i njegovo doba. Belgrade: Nau?no delo.
  • Golubac u srednjem veku, Brani?evo, Po?arevac, 1968.
  • Istorija za II razred gimnazije, Zavod za izdavanje ud?benika, Sarajevo,1967, 1969.
  • ?ura? Kastriot Skenderbeg i Bosna, Simpozijum o Skenderbegu, Pri?tina, 1969.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1970). "Zeta u dr?avi Nemanji?a". Istorija Crne Gore (PDF). 2. Titograd: Redakcija za istoriju Crne Gore. pp. 3-93.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1970). "Doba Bal?i?a (prvi deo)". Istorija Crne Gore (PDF). 2. Titograd: Redakcija za istoriju Crne Gore. pp. 3-48.
  • O despotu Vuku Grgurevi?u, Matica srpska, Novi Sad,1970.
  • Zdravstvene prilike u srednjovekovnoj bosanskoj dr?avi,Acta historica medicinae, pharmaciae et veterinae 10/2, Sarajevo,1970. 93-98 p.
  • Istorija ljudskog dru?tva i kulture od XII do XVIII za u?enike II razreda gimnazije dru?tveno-jezi?kog smera, Zavod za izdavanje ud?benika Narodne Republike Srbije, Belgrade,1962,1964,1966,1968,1970,1971. (prevedeno na ma?arski, rumunski, bugarski i albanski jezik)
  • Srednjovekovna Bosna u delu Ante Babi? ,"Babi? A. , Iz istorije srednjovekovne Bosne", Sarajevo,1972. 5-8. p.
  • Odjeci ritersko-dvorjanske kulture u Bosni krajem srednjeg veka,"Srednjovekovna Bosna i evropska kultura", Muzej grada, Zenica,1973. 33-40. p.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1974). Despot Georg Brankovi? und die Verhandlungen zwischen Ungarn und der Turken im J. 1454. L'Académie serbe des Sciences et des Arts.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1981). "Obrazovanje srpske dr?ave". Istorija srpskog naroda. 1. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 141-155.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1981). "Srbija izme?u Vizantijskog carstva i Bugarske". Istorija srpskog naroda. 1. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 156-169.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1981). "Osamostaljivanje i uspon dukljanske dr?ave". Istorija srpskog naroda. 1. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 180-196.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Godine kriza i previranja". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 47-63.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Protivre?nosti balkanske politike". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 230-240.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Kretanja prema severu". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 314-329.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Srpska vlastela u borbi za obnovu Despotovine". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 373-389.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Pad Bosne i poku?aji otpora turskom osvajanju". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 390-402.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Srpski ?ivalj na novim ognji?tima". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 431-444.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Poslednji Brankovi?i". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 445-464.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Srbi u odbrani ugarskih granica". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 465-478.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1982). "Poslednji despoti". Istorija srpskog naroda. 2. Belgrade: Srpska knji?evna zadruga. pp. 479-490.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1991). "Tragovi slovenskog stanovni?tva na tlu Albanije u srednjem veku". Stanovni?tvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji. Titograd: Istorijski institut. pp. 43-56.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (1995). Srbi u srednjem veku. Belgrade: Idea.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima; Mihalj?i?, Rade, eds. (1997). Enciklopedija srpske istoriografije. Belgrade: Knowledge.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima; Mihalj?i?, Rade, eds. (1999). Leksikon srpskog srednjeg veka. Belgrade: Knowledge.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (2000). "Archiepiscopus Craynensis". Istorijski zapisi. 73 (1-2): 47-54.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (2004). Srbi me?u evropskim narodima. Belgrade: Equilibrium.
  • ?irkovi?, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

References

  1. ^ E, B (November 17, 2009). "Sima ?irkovi?, istori?ar (Sima ?irkovi?, historian)". Blic (in Serbian). Retrieved 2011. koji je bio i ?lan ANU BiH, JAZU, CANU, VANU i Evropske akademije za istoriju Brisel.
  2. ^ a b c d e Radi?, Radivoj (2010). "Sima ?rkovi? (1929.-2009.)". Pro tempore asopis studenata povijesti (in Croatian) (8-9): 602-605.
  3. ^ De Baets, Antoon (2018). Crimes against History. Routledge. p. 146. ISBN 978-1-35132-983-5.
  4. ^ Popov, Neboj?a (2000). The road to war in Serbia: trauma and catharsis. Central European University Press. ISBN 978-963-9116-56-6. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ ?irkovi?, Sima (2020). ?iveti sa istorijom. Belgrade: Helsin?ki odbor za ljudska prava u Srbiji. p. 390.
  6. ^ ?irkovi?, Sima (2020). ?iveti sa istorijom. Belgrade: Helsin?ki odbor za ljudska prava u Srbiji. p. 194.
  7. ^ ?irkovi?, Sima (2020). ?iveti sa istorijom. Belgrade: Helsin?ki odbor za ljudska prava u Srbiji. p. 168.
  8. ^ Banac, Ivo; Elshtain, Jean Bethke; Weisbuch, Robert (2006). "The Humanities and Its Publics" (PDF). American Council of Learned Societies Occasional Papers (61): 9. ISSN 1041-536X. If I were asked to name the most significant living Serbian historian, I would mention Sima ?irkovi?, a prominent medievalist.
  9. ^ Lampe, John; Iordachi, Constantin (2020). Battling over the Balkans: Historiographical Questions and Controversies. Central European University Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-9-63386-326-8. The long continuity of a separate Serbian identification either with church or state is also emphasized in Sima ?irkovi?, The Serbs (2004). His credentials as Serbia's leading medieval historian lend weight to an account of the early centuries, surrounding the Kosovo battle of 1389..

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