Shlomo Ganzfried
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Shlomo Ganzfried

Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried

Shlomo Ganzfried (or Salomon ben Joseph Ganzfried; 1804 in Ungvár – 30 July 1886 in Ungvár) was an Orthodox rabbi and posek best known as the author of the work of Halakha (Jewish law), the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew? ?, "The Abbreviated Shulchan Aruch"), by which title he is also known.[1]

Biography

Ganzfried was born in 1804 in Ungvár, in the Ung County of the Kingdom of Hungary (present-day Ukraine). His father Joseph died when he was eight. Ganzfried was considered to be a child prodigy and Ungvár's chief rabbi and Rosh yeshiva, Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Heller assumed legal guardianship; Heller was known as "Hershele the Sharp-witted" for his piercing insights into the Talmud. Heller later moved to the city of Bonyhád, and Ganzfried, then fifteen, followed him. He remained in Heller's yeshiva for almost a decade until his ordination and marriage. After his marriage he worked briefly as a wine merchant.

In 1830, he abandoned commerce and accepted the position of Rabbi of Brezovica (Brezevitz). In 1849, he returned to Ungvár as a dayan, a judge in the religious court. At that time Ungvár's spiritual head, Rabbi Meir Ash, was active in the Orthodox camp, in opposition to the Neologs. Through serving with Ash, Ganzfried realised that in order to remain committed to Orthodoxy, "the average Jew required an underpinning of a knowledge of practical halakha (Jewish law)". It was to this end that Ganzfried composed the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. This work became very popular, and was frequently reprinted in Hebrew and in Yiddish. This work often records more stringent positions.

Rabbi Ganzfried remained in the office of Dayan until his death on July 30, 1886.

Works

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, first published in 1864, is a summary of the Shulchan Aruch of Joseph Karo with reference to later commentaries. This work was explicitly written as a popular text, in simple Hebrew, and does not have the same level of detail as the Shulchan Aruch itself.

Other works

  • Kesset HaSofer ( ), a halachic primer for scribes published in 1835. Ganzfried composed this while he was still engaged in business.
  • Pnei Shlomo ( ?), an elucidation of portions of the Talmud.
  • Torat Zevach (? ), a halakhic handbook for practitioners of shechita, ritual slaughter.
  • Sefer Apiryon ( ), a commentary on the Bible. It contains a piece on every weekly Torah portion except for Parshat Massei, which is also the week in which his yahrzeit falls.
  • Lechem V'simlah ( ) on the laws of Niddah.
  • Ohalei Sheim (? ) on the official spellings of Hebrew names, as pertaining to gittin.
  • Sheim Shlomo ( ?) on various sugyos in Shas.
  • Sefer Galuy A letter written at the time of the Congress of 1869.

References

  1. ^ Marienberg, Evyatar (2019). "The 19th-century Kitzur Shulhan Arukh: The story of a classic manual of Jewish law". Religion Compass. 13 (2): e12294. doi:10.1111/rec3.12294. ISSN 1749-8171.

External links



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