In ice hockey, a goaltender is credited with a save when they prevent a shot by the opponent from entering the net. A goaltender's efficiency in stopping shots, the save percentage, is calculated as a percentage of shots stopped divided by the total number of shots on goal. If a goaltender makes all the saves within a game it is called a shutout. In association football this is called a clean sheet.
An ice hockey goaltender can use any part of their body to make a save. Typically goaltending equipment worn aids the goaltender in stopping the puck. An ice hockey goaltender typically wears two leg pads, a blocker, a glove, a chest protector, a helmet which is sometimes referred to as a mask as well as other ice hockey equipment.
A kick or a pad save is one where the goaltender uses their leg pads which are strapped to the legs to kick out and stop the puck from entering the net. These pads cover from the goaltenders feet all the way to their thighs. This kind of save is most useful against low shots where the goaltender is using the butterfly style. Commonly these type of saves will result in a rebound, allowing another player the opportunity to possess the puck after a shot. Pad saves were typically the most common type of save, especially before the creation of the butterfly style.
A glove save is a save made where the goaltender catches the puck in their glove. The goaltending glove is typically worn on the "weak" hand of an individual, much like a baseball glove. The goaltender uses their glove to snatch shots out of the air. These saves sometimes be quite dramatic as they can be quite exciting to see. Sometimes a glove save is seen as a "last resort" to keeping a puck out of the net.
A blocker save is one in which the goaltender uses a hard rectangular "block" which rests on the forearm of the persons "strong" hand. The blocker is worn on the same arm that which holds the goaltending stick. A blocker save is made when the goaltender uses the hard rectangular surface to deflect a shot away from the goal. This along with glove saves are two high skill abilities for a goaltender to be able to perform.
A final type of save is called the stick save. Like its name suggests it is a save made using the goaltending stick. The stick save is usually one of desperation or luck. A goaltender would rather use another part of their body to stop the puck but occasionally the stick can be used. A stick save will usually come as a goaltender desperately tries diving back into position to deflect the puck away from the goal.
Goaltenders also can freeze play by catching and swallowing up a shot that hits them and gets caught up in their chest protector. There is no official name for this kind of save.
At the end of the NHL season the Vezina Trophy is given to the goaltender that is "adjudged to be the best at his position" which often is the goaltender with a very high save percentage (SV%) and a very low goals against average (GAA). The current holder of the Vezina Trophy is Pekka Rinne of the Nashville Predators.
In association football, a goalkeeper who does not concede any goals during a match is said to have "kept" a clean sheet. In certain competitions awards (such as the Premier League Golden Glove and the Football League Golden Glove) are given for the player who keeps the most clean sheets during the season or the tournament.