Lew Sapieha, the most prominent member of the family
Sapieha ( ; [sa'p?j?xa] Lithuanian: Sapiega; Belarusian: , Sapeha) is a Polish and Lithuanian noble and magnate family of Lithuanian and Ruthenian origin,   descending from the medieval  boyars of Smolensk and Polotsk.  The family acquired great influence and wealth in the  Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the 16th century.
The first confirmed records of the Sapieha family date back to the 15th century, when Semen Sopiha (
Belarusian: ) was mentioned as a writer (scribe) of the then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Casimir IV Jagiellon ( Polish: Kazimierz IV Jagiello?czyk) for the period of 1441-49. Semen had two sons, Bohdan and Iwan.
Possibly, the family of Semen Sopiha owned the village of
Sopieszyno near Gdansk, which they left because of the Teutonic invasion. Sopieszyno is one of the oldest Pomeranian villages. The records have it that already in the 11th-12th centuries it was a knightly estate. It was then mentioned in 1399 as a village owned in  fiefdom by knights subject to the Polish Crown. Their family could be involved in the Baltic-Volga trade, as many Pomeranian families. The family descended from  Ukrainian boyars subject to Lithuania.
The creator of the fortune and power of the Sapieha family was the Court and Great
Chancellor and Great Hetman of Lithuania, Lew Sapieha.
princely title of the Sapieha-Kodenski branch was recognized in Poland in 1572 and in Austria-Hungary in 1845, while that of the Sapieha-Rozanski line was officially acknowledged in Russia in 1880.
On 14 September 1700,
Micha? Franciszek Sapieha had obtained the title of prince from Emperor Leopold I, but the title became extinct upon his death on 19 November 1700. That year, the family lost its dominant position in the Grand Duchy as a result of its defeat in the Lithuanian Civil War. In 1768, members of the Sapieha family obtained recognition of the princely title from the Polish Sejm. After the partitions of Poland, the family appeared in the list of persons authorised to bear the title of Prince of the Kingdom of Poland in 1824. The title was recognised in Austria in 1836 and 1840, and in Russia in 1874 and 1901. In 1905, the family obtained the qualification of Serene Highness in Austria.
The maternal grandmother of
Queen Mathilde of Belgium was a Princess of the house of Sapieha.
Coat of arms
The Sapieha family used the
Polish coat of arms named " Lis".
Original arms of the Princes Sapieha
Later arms of the Princes Sapieha (1858-1859)
Adam Stefan Sapieha (1867-1951), cardinal, archbishop of Kraków
Adam Zygmunt Sapieha (1892-1970), cavalryman, aviator
Aleksander Micha? Sapieha (1730-1793), voivode of P?ock, Field Lithuanian Hetman, Grand Lithuanian Chancellor, marshal of the Lithuanian Tribunal
Aleksander Sapieha (1888-1976), aviator
Andrzej Józef Sapieha (1894-1945), he participated in the Polish-Soviet War, member of the Armia Krajowa
Andrzej Sapieha (1539-1621), Great Royal Deputy Cup-bearer of Lithuania, castellan of Minsk, and Voivode of Polotsk and Smolensk
Anna Zofia Sapieha (1799-1864), wife of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
Arabella Theresa Sapieha (1960), Princess Sapieha-Rozanski
Bohdan Sapieha, several people
Eustachy Kajetan Sapieha (1797-1860), he participated in the November uprising, politically tied with the " Hôtel Lambert"
Eustachy Sapieha (1881-1963), politician, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs 1920-1921
Eustachy Seweryn Sapieha (1916-2004), hunter, historian of the Sapieha family
Franciszek Sapieha (1772-1829), general, he participated in the Kosciuszko uprising
Fryderyk Sapieha (1599-1650), voivode of M?cis?aw, podkomorzy of Vitebsk
Kazimierz Lew Sapieha (1607-1656), Marshal of the Crown, son of Lew Sapieha
Jan Andrzej Sapieha (1910-1989), head of House Sapieha, he participated in the  Defence War of 1939
Jan Fryderyk Sapieha (1680-1751), Grand Recorder of Lithuania
Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Elder (?-1730), Grand Hetman of Lithuania
Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Younger, (ca. 1642-1720), Field Hetman
Jan Pavel Sapieha-Rozanski (1935) head of House Sapieha, sometime Belgian ambassador to Brazil  
Jan Piotr Sapieha (1569-1611), Polish royal officer
Jan Stanis?aw Sapieha (1589-1635), Court Marshal of Lithuania, Great Lithuanian Marshal
Józef Sapieha, he participated in the Polish-Soviet War
Karol W?adys?aw Sapieha (1920-1941), pilot of the Polish Air Forces in Great Britain in World War II
Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha (1757-1798), political activist, general
Leon Aleksander Sapieha (1883-1944), landlord, member of the Sejm, member of Zwi?zek Walki Zbrojnej and the Armia Krajowa
Leon Roman Sapieha (1915-1940), pilot of the Polish Air Forces in Great Britain in World War II
Leon Sapieha (1803-1878), political and economic activist
Lew Jerzy Sapieha (1913-1990), poet, writer
Lew Sapieha (1557-1633), Court Chancellor and Great Hetman of Lithuania
Maria Sapieha (1910-2009), social activist
Micha? Franciszek Sapieha (1670-1700), General, Koniuszy
Miko?aj Krzysztof Sapieha (1613-1639), voivode of Minsk
Miko?aj Sapieha (1581-1644), voivode of Minsk and of Brze Litewski, castellan of Vilnius
Miko?aj Sapieha (1588-1638), voivode of Minsk and of Nowogródek
Paola Maria de Bourbon Orléans e Bragança Sapieha (1983), model and product designer, wife of fashion photographer Prince Constantin Swiatopolk-Czetwerty?ski 
Pawe? Jan Sapieha (1609-1665), voivode of the Witebsk and Vilnius, Great Hetman of Lithuania
Pawe? Maria Sapieha (1900-1987), he participated in the Polish-Soviet War
Pawe? Sapieha (1860-1934), traveler, first chairman of the Polish Red Cross
Pawe? Stefan Sapieha (1565-1635), Deputy Chancellor of Lithuania
Ró?a Maria Sapieha (1921-1944), member of the Armia Krajowa, she participated in the Warsaw uprising of 1944
Stanis?aw Sapieha (1896-1919), defender of Lwów
Teresa Sapieha (died c.1784), wife of Hieronim Florian Radziwi and Joachim Karol Potocki
Tomasz Sapieha (1598-1646), voivode of Wenden and of Nowogródek W?adys?aw Leon Sapieha (1853-1920), landowner, social activist
Labarre de Raillicourt, Dominique.,
Histoire des Sapieha (1440-1970), Paris, 1970 Sapieha E., Dom Sapie?y?ski, Warszawa 1995. Numery /112 przy nazwiskach oznaczaj? numery biogramów w/w pozycji.
T?omacki A., "Sapiehowie Kode?scy", nak?adem w?asnym, Warszawa 2009
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Vernadsky, George. A History of Russia. New Haven. Connecticut: Yale University Press. 1961. online
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Bork, Boles?aw (1994). Nowy Dwór Wejherowski, Gniewowo i Sopieszyno. Wydawca Rada Gminy Wejherowo.
"Sapieha Family". Britannica. Archived from the original on 25 April 2021 . Retrieved 2021.
^ a b c d Enache, Nicolas.
La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 72, 80-81. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
^ a b Menthe, Caterina. 13 February 2013
Love royale. Vogue Arabia