|Owner||Government of Catalonia|
|Transit type||Commuter rail, regional rail|
|Number of lines||17|
|Number of stations||203|
|Daily ridership||350,000 on weekday|
|Annual ridership||117 million (2016)|
|Chief executive||Mayte Castillo|
|Began operation||1979 (as Cercanías Barcelona/Rodalies Barcelona)|
1 January 2010 (as Rodalies de Catalunya)
|Electrification||3,000 V DC overhead lines|
Rodalies de Catalunya (Catalan pronunciation: [ruð?'li.?z ð? k?t?'lu]; "Commuter Rail of Catalonia") is the main commuter and regional rail system in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia. It is administered by the Government of Catalonia and operated by the national rail operator Renfe Operadora. The system consists of 17 service lines chiefly centered in the Barcelona area, serving a total of 203 stations throughout Catalonia, with an average number of 1,000 trains running on it every day. In 2016, it had an annual ridership of 117 million.
Most part of the system is the precursor of several commuter and regional lines running on the Iberian gauge mainline network in Catalonia, which were formerly under the administration of the Spanish government. On 1 January 2010 , as a result of the transfer of the administration of the Cercanías commuter rail system for Barcelona, known as Rodalies Barcelona, the system was renamed "Rodalies de Catalunya". One year later, Renfe's regional rail services within Catalonia were included in the system after their administration had also been transferred. In 2014, two new commuter rail services in Camp de Tarragona and the Girona area were created as part of the system on 20 and 24 March, respectively.
Rodalies de Catalunya, specially its Barcelona commuter rail service, has been criticized for its high number of incidents, normally resulting in delays, though some minor accidents involving injuries have also occurred. The Catalan government has pointed out as their main cause poor investment in the system's infrastructure, which is owned by Adif, a public agency of the Spanish government in charge of conventional (non-high-speed) rail infrastructure in the country.
Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service consists of eight lines serving a large part of the Barcelona metropolitan area, even extending out of its limits in some cases. Regardless of the Vic-Latour-de-Carol portion, it runs on 467 kilometres (290 mi) of railway lines and has 109 stations in 77 municipalities, accounting for a population of 4.7 million. It is calculated that the service has a daily ridership of 350,000 travelers and, according to 2016 figures, an annual ridership of 108.3 million.
All lines (excepting line R8) are centred in the city of Barcelona, where they run on two underground trunk routes. Lines R3 and R4, and partly lines R1 and R7, use the Meridiana Tunnel, comprising Plaça de Catalunya, Arc de Triomf, La Sagrera-Meridiana and Sant Andreu Arenal stations. Contrarily, lines R2, R2 Nord and, partially, R2 Sud use the Aragó Tunnel, comprising Passeig de Gràcia and El Clot-Aragó stations. Both trunk routes converge at Barcelona Sants railway station, the service's main station.
The current system is the precursor of former Renfe Operadora's Cercanías commuter rail system for Barcelona known as Rodalies Barcelona, and it has kept most of its features. Nevertheless, while all the other Cercanías systems around Spain use letter 'C' (from the Spanish word cercanías) plus a number for identifying their lines, Barcelona's commuter rail system uses letter 'R' instead (from its Catalan equivalent rodalies). As for the numbering, since Rodalies de Catalunya shares market with Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC) on the city's commuter rail, it can only use numbers from 1 to 10 leaving numbers 5 and 6 for FGC lines.
Since 22 July 2006R10 has been running between Barcelona-El Prat Airport and Barcelona's Estació de França. However, due to construction works near Barcelona Sant Andreu Comtal railway station, a "temporary" restructuring of lines R2 and R10 was implemented on 31 January 2009 ; the R10 was suspended and the R2 was divided into three different lines--R2, R2 Nord ("North") and R2 Sud ("South"). The R10 was initially scheduled to resume services two years later., a line named
On 26 June 2011L'Hospitalet de Llobregat to Martorell via the Meridiana Tunnel in Barcelona's city centre and Rubí. With the rerouting, it was shortened and started to run as a shuttle line between Cerdanyola Universitat and Barcelona Sant Andreu Arenal stations. New line R8 took over the former route of line R7 between Martorell and Cerdanyola Universitat, then continuing towards Granollers Centre. Thanks to the changes applied on lines R7 and R8, it was able to increase frequencies with a train every 6 minutes and 8 minutes during rush hour on lines R1 and R4, respectively., a restructuring of the service affecting several lines was implemented. It mainly involved the creation of new line R8, the first line ever bypassing Barcelona, and the rerouting of line R7. Before the restructuring, former line R7 ran from
Typically, most trains call at all the stations on the line. Nevertheless, some trains on lines R2 Sud, R3 and R4 operate limited service and only call at certain stations. Furthermore, most trains on all lines, excepting lines R2, R7 and R8, operate partial services, being line R1 exclusively operated with partial services.
|Length||Avg. weekday ridership||Annual ridership||Schedule|
|R1||Molins de Rei - L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Mataró/Arenys de Mar - Calella - Blanes - Maçanet-Massanes||31||95.1 km
|[permanent dead link]|
|R2||Castelldefels - Granollers Centre||14||133 km
|R2 Nord||Barcelona-El Prat Airport - Sant Celoni/Maçanet-Massanes||21|
|R2 Sud||Sant Vicenç de Calders - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Barcelona Estació de França||17|
|R3||L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Granollers-Canovelles/La Garriga - Vic - Ripoll/Ribes de Freser - Puigcerdà/Latour-de-Carol-Enveitg[a]||35||161.4 km
|[permanent dead link]|
|R4||Sant Vicenç de Calders - Vilafranca del Penedès - Martorell/L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Terrassa - Manresa||40||143 km
|R7||(Martorell -)[b] Barcelona Sant Andreu Arenal - Cerdanyola Universitat||7||13.5 km
|[permanent dead link]|
|R8||Martorell - Cerdanyola Universitat - Granollers Centre||8||40 km
|?||?||[permanent dead link]|
|R10+||Barcelona-El Prat Airport - Barcelona Estació de França||6||22 km
On 20 March 2014Camp de Tarragona, a region in southern Catalonia mainly centered in the polycentric metropolitan area formed by the cities of Tarragona and Reus. At the time it started services, it was the first commuter rail service in Catalonia not centered in Barcelona. The Camp de Tarragona commuter rail service consists of two lines, which are identified by letters 'RT' (the latter referring to Tarragona) plus a number, serving a total of 13 stations. Both lines converge at Tarragona railway station and are served by stopping trains only. Currently, it does not run on weekends., Rodalies de Catalunya began running a commuter rail service in
Line RT1 actually serves as a reinforcement for regional services between Tarragona and Reus with 9 additional trains in each direction, allowing a service pattern of approximately 30 minutes during rush hour and lower to one hour during off-peak time between the two cities, combining all lines.
On the other hand, line RT2 provides a direct service between the Baix Penedès and the Costa Daurada areas. Before the creation of the line, the L'Arboç-L'Hospitalet de l'Infant route was not possible without interchanging at Sant Vicenç de Calders railway station. Although line RT2 initially ran only between L'Arboç and Cambrils, from 20 June 2014 on, some trains travel further west to L'Hospitalet de l'Infant stopping at Mont-roig del Camp.
|RT1||Reus - Tarragona||18 trains per day||3||18.1 km
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|RT2||L'Hospitalet de l'Infant - Tarragona - Sant Vicenç de Calders - L'Arboç||10 trains per day||11||69.1 km|
The Girona commuter rail service started services on 24 March 2014Camp de Tarragona commuter rail service did so, becoming the second commuter rail service in Catalonia not centered in Barcelona. It consists of a single 44-station line named RG1 (letter 'G' referring to Girona), which directly links the Alt Empordà, Gironès, Selva and Maresme areas. Before the RG1 started services, its route was only possible by interchanging at Maçanet-Massanes railway station. In addition, the RG1 has improved the service pattern at stations in the Girona area., four days after the
Line RG1 is actually an extension of some trains on Barcelona commuter rail service line R1 which formerly terminated at Maçanet-Massanes. Due to this fact, line RG1's L'Hospitalet de Llobregat-Mataró section, despite not serving as a Girona-centered commuter rail line, but as a Barcelona-centered one, is included as part of the Girona commuter rail service. At the beginning, the RG1 did not run on weekends and ran exclusively between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Figueres. However, from 20 June 2014 on, some trains travel further north towards Portbou and additional weekend services are offered during the summer season.
|RG1||L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Mataró - Figueres - Portbou||16 trains per day||40||181.2 km
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The Lleida commuter rail service started services on 16 March 2015Barcelona. It consists of five lines; two labelled RL1 and RL2 (letter 'L' referring to Lleida), which directly link Lleida with Balaguer and Àger areas, on the Lleida-La Pobla Line, operated by Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC), and parts of regional lines R12, R13 and R14 (see below), operated by Renfe Operadora, linking the city with Cervera and Vinaixa. The five lines in total have improved the service pattern at stations in the Lleida area., becoming the third commuter rail service in Catalonia not centered in
|RL1||Lleida Pirineus - Balaguer||6 trains per day||6||26.1 km
|RL2||Lleida Pirineus - Balaguer - Àger - La Pobla de Segur||6 trains per day||17||89.4 km
Rodalies de Catalunya's division for regional rail services consists of six lines centered in Barcelona that serve the whole of Catalonia and are sometimes extended towards the neighboring Spanish autonomous communities of Aragon and the Valencian Community as well as the French region of Languedoc-Roussillon. Although Estació de França serves as the main terminus station in Barcelona for most regional lines, especially those traveling towards southern and western Catalonia, all of them converge at Barcelona Sants only, which serves as the center of the service. The 2013 annual ridership for the regional rail services was 9.267 million.
Regional services run on major corridors between Barcelona and other cities in Catalonia, excluding the Barcelona-Mataró and the Barcelona-Vilafranca del Penedès corridors, which are served by Barcelona commuter rail service lines R1 and R4, respectively. In addition, none of the regional services (excepting line R12) calls at all stations near Barcelona, which are already served by the city's commuter rail service. Yet, they usually stop at almost all the stations in Barcelona city centre.
The system's division for regional services is the precursor of several Renfe Operadora's Media Distancia regional lines in Catalonia, which were identified using letters 'Ca' (from the Catalan or the Spanish language form of Catalonia, Catalunya and Cataluña, respectively) plus a number. With the transfer of all regional services to the Catalan government, the lines happened to be identified with letter 'R' like the already transferred Barcelona commuter rail service lines. In order to differentiate the regional lines from those that are part of the Barcelona commuter rail service, the first ones use only numbers larger than 10--currently, numbers 11-16--, leaving numbers 1-10 for Barcelona commuter rail service lines.
Rodalies de Catalunya's regional lines have kept the same operating scheme just like before they were transferred, similarly to all other Renfe Operadora's Media Distancia lines around Spain. Likewise, there exist different types of train services. Specifically, the following types of train services are present in the system's division for regional lines:
|Line||Route||Avg. weekday frequency||Type of services||No. of
|R11||Barcelona Sants - Granollers Centre - Girona - Figueres - Portbou/Cerbère[c]||46 trains per day||MD, R||28||170 km
|Ca2||[permanent dead link]|
|R12||L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Terrassa - Manresa - Cervera - Lleida Pirineus||6 trains per day[d]||R||39||190 km
|Ca4b||[permanent dead link]|
|R13||Barcelona Estació de França - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Valls - Montblanc - Lleida Pirineus||4 trains per day[e]||R, RE||30||176 km
|Ca4a||[permanent dead link]|
|R14||Barcelona Estació de França - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Tarragona - Reus - Montblanc - Lleida Pirineus||5 trains per day[f]||R, RE||31||204 km|
|R15||Barcelona Estació de França - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Tarragona - Reus - Móra la Nova - Riba-roja d'Ebre (- Caspe)||25 trains per day||R, RE||23||190 km
|Ca3||[permanent dead link]|
|R16||Barcelona Estació de França - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Tarragona - Tortosa/Ulldecona-Alcanar-La Sénia (- Vinaròs/Valencia Estació del Nord)[g]||17 trains per day||R, RE||19||211 km
|Ca1||[permanent dead link]|
|R17||Barcelona Estació de França - Vilanova i la Geltrú - Tarragona - Port Aventura||20 trains per day||R, RE||9||102 km
|[permanent dead link]|
In the Barcelona area, Rodalies de Catalunya participates in the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità's integrated fare system, allowing the use of standardized zone-based tickets with transfers to other operators such as the Barcelona Metro. In other regions, commuter rail tickets for other integrated fare systems are available from Autoritat Territorial de la Mobilitat del Camp de Tarragona, Autoritat Territorial de la Mobilitat de l'Àrea de Girona, and Autoritat Territorial de la Mobilitat de l'Àrea de Lleida.
Rodalies de Catalunya also offers its own zone-based fare system. These tickets do not permit transfers to other modes, such as bus or metro, and allow the purchase of single tickets (as opposed to the multi-ticket sales for ATM). Fares within the Barcelona area start at EUR2.20 for one zone to EUR6.30 for six zones.
On 20 November 2018, a train on the R4 line derailed due to a landslide between the Vacarisses and Vacarisses Torreblanca stations, causing one death and 49 injuries. Another derailment on the same line occurred on 8 February 2019 between Sant Vicenç de Castellet and Manresa, killing the driver and injuring several other people.