Rodalies Barcelona Line 1
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Rodalies Barcelona Line 1

R1
RG1
R1 barcelona.svg RG1 girona.svg
Rodalies tren malgrat de mar RENFE Class 447.JPG
A 447 Series train on a R1 service at Malgrat de Mar railway station in 2013.
Overview
Service typeCommuter rail
StatusOperational
LocaleBarcelona metropolitan area and province of Girona
First service
  • R1: 1989 (1989)
  • RG1: 24 March 2014 (2014-03-24)
Renfe Operadora
Ridership102,214 (2008)[1][a]
Annual ridership28 million (2016)[2]
Route
Start
  • R1: Molins de Rei
  • RG1: L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Stops
  • R1: 31
  • RG1: 44
End
Distance travelled
  • R1: 95.1 km (59.1 mi)[1]
  • RG1: 181.2 km (112.6 mi)[3]
Average journey time
  • R1: 55 min-1 h 50 min
  • RG1: 2 h 55 min-3 h 18 min
Service frequencyEvery 6 min-4 h
Line(s) used
Technical
Rolling stockCivia and 447 Series EMUs
Track gauge ()
Electrification3,000 V DC overhead lines
Adif
Rodalies de Catalunya.svg Line 1
R4 barcelona.svg
Molins de Rei
R1 barcelona.svg end
R4 barcelona.svg
Sant Feliu de Llobregat
R4 barcelona.svg
Sant Joan Despí
R3 barcelona.svg
new line
to Castelldefels
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
Cornellà Centre L5 barcelona.svg T1.svg T2.svg
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat L1 barcelona.svg
Torrassa L1 barcelona.svg L9gris.svg
(new)
R2 barcelona.svg R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
Barcelona Sants L3 barcelona.svg L5 barcelona.svg
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
Plaça de Catalunya L1 barcelona.svg L3 barcelona.svg FGC.svg L6 barcelona.svg L7 barcelona.svg
Passeig de Gràcia
Barcelona França
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg
Arc de Triomf L1 barcelona.svg
R2S barcelona.svg
Bogatell
R2 barcelona.svg
R2 barcelona.svg
el Clot-Aragó L1 barcelona.svg L2 barcelona.svg
La Sagrera
Sagrera-TAV L4gris.svg L9gris.svg
R3 barcelona.svg R4 barcelona.svg to Montcada Junction
Poblenou
Sant Adrià de Besòs T4.svg T6.svg
Badalona
Montgat
Montgat Nord
El Masnou
Ocata
Premià de Mar
Vilassar de Mar
Cabrera de Mar -
Vilassar de Mar
Mataró Nord
Mataró Oest
Mataró
Mataró Centre
Mataró Est
Sant Andreu de Llavaneres
Caldes d'Estrac
Arenys de Mar
Canet de Mar
Sant Pol de Mar
Calella
Pineda de Mar
Santa Susanna
Malgrat de Mar
Blanes
Tordera
Maçanet-Massanes R1 barcelona.svg
Girona R2 barcelona.svg Sant Celoni->

The R1 is a line of Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service, operated by Renfe Operadora. It runs northwards from the Barcelona area to the southern limits of the province of Girona, passing through the coastal Maresme region. Since 2014, some services have been extended further north towards Portbou, near the French border. These services are designated RG1 and are considered part of the Girona commuter rail service. The line had an annual ridership of 28 million in 2016,[2] achieving an average weekday ridership of 102,214 according to 2008 data.[1]

R1-RG1 trains primarily run on the Barcelona-Mataró-Maçanet-Massanes railway, the first railway line in the Iberian Peninsula.[4] They use the Meridiana Tunnel in Barcelona, where they share tracks with Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service lines R3 and R4, as well as regional rail line R12, calling at Sants, Plaça de Catalunya and Arc de Triomf stations.[5] R1 services use Molins de Rei as their southernmost terminus and Maçanet-Massanes as their northernmost one.[6] On the other hand, no RG1 services run south of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, or north of Portbou.[7]

Together with lines R2, R3, and R4, the R1 (then simply numbered line 1) started services in 1989 as one of the first lines of the Cercanías commuter rail system for Barcelona, known as Rodalies Barcelona. Originally, R1 services had two southern termini, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Barcelona-El Prat Airport stations. In 2005, all trains terminating at the airport moved their southern terminus to Molins de Rei. In the long-term future, it is projected that the R1 will take over the southern section of line R2, creating a major north-south axis that will extend along the coast of the Barcelona metropolitan area.

History

The current line scheme of the R1 started operating on 28 May 1989 (1989-05-28), after the dismantling of the former route of the Barcelona-Mataró-Maçanet-Massanes railway through the Barcelona neighborhood of Poblenou.[8][9] Earlier, all the commuter rail services coming from Mataró used the route through Poblenou, terminating at Estació de les Rodalies, a terminus station that was located adjacent to the still existing Estació de França.[10] All services coming from Mataró were then rerouted through the Sagrera rail complex and the Meridiana Tunnel to access Barcelona, terminating at L'Hospitalet de Llobregat or Barcelona-El Prat Airport stations, depending on the station of origin. The services coming from Mataró terminated at the airport, whilst the services coming from north of Mataró terminated at L'Hospitalet de Llobregat.[8] Since the new through line scheme offered more stops within Barcelona and better connections with the city's metro system, the line's ridership doubled.[10] Throughout 1989, this new line scheme was incorporated as part of line 1 of Rodalies Barcelona (predecessor of the R1), the Cercanías commuter rail system for the Barcelona area, created in the same year.[11]

On 4 December 2005, the services between Mataró and the airport were suspended due to the construction works of the Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail line in Barcelona's southern access, leaving the airport without any direct trains to Barcelona.[12] These services moved their southern terminus from the airport to Molins de Rei, originating the line's current termini.[13] The R1 also started operating as a shuttle line between the airport and El Prat de Llobregat railway station until 22 July 2006,[14] when line R10 was created, providing a direct rail link between the airport and central Barcelona anew.[15]

Infrastructure

Like the rest of Rodalies de Catalunya lines, the R1-RG1 runs on the Iberian gauge mainline railway system, which is owned by Adif, an agency of the Spanish government. All of the railway lines carrying Rodalies de Catalunya services are electrified at 3,000 volts (V) direct current (DC) using overhead lines. The R1-RG1 operates on a total line length of 181.2 kilometres (112.6 mi),[3] which is entirely double-track, excepting for the single-track section between Arenys de Mar and Maçanet-Massanes stations.[13] The trains on the line call at up to 48 stations, using the following railway lines, in order from south to north:[16]

From To Railway line Route number
Molins de Rei (PK 85.3) L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (PK 95.2) Sant Vicenç de Calders-Vilafranca del Penedès-Barcelona 240
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (PK 95.2) Vilanova Junction (PK 365.4)
(after Arc de Triomf station)
Lleida-Manresa-Barcelona 220
Vilanova Junction (PK 108.2) Glòries Junction (PK 109.1)
(before El Clot-Aragó station)
Glòries branch 266
Glòries Junction (PK 109.1) Barcelona Sagrera (PK 112.2) Barcelona-Mataró-Maçanet-Massanes 262
Barcelona Sagrera (PK 0) Maçanet-Massanes (PK 75.3) Barcelona-Mataró-Maçanet-Massanes 276
Maçanet-Massanes (PK 175.9) Portbou (PK 273.1) Barcelona-Cerbère 270

The entire length of the Barcelona-Mataró-Maçanet-Massanes railway is solely used by the R1-RG1,[4] though the rest of the infrastructure it uses is shared with other services. South of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, it shares tracks with Rodalies de Catalunya's Barcelona commuter rail service line R4.[17] Between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Arc de Triomf stations, R1 and RG1 trains share tracks with commuter rail lines R3 and R4, and regional rail line R12, using the Meridiana Tunnel through central Barcelona. After Arc de Triomf, they branch off to El Clot-Aragó railway station, running on exclusive tracks from this point on to Maçanet-Massanes.[18] North of Maçanet-Massanes, the R1-RG1 shares tracks with regional line R11 and freight services.[19]

In May 2015, Adif announced that the R1-RG1 would be the first Rodalies de Catalunya line to feature the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) signaling and security system. ERTMS Level 2 will be installed on the 56-kilometre-long (35 mi) section between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Mataró, increasing capacity and reliability parameters.[20]

Operation

A Civia train on a R1 service near Mataró in 2007.

There are no end-to-end services between Molins de Rei and Portbou stations on the R1-RG1, which means only partial services operate on the line. The services commencing or terminating at Molins de Rei do not usually run north of Mataró or Arenys de Mar. On the other hand, most services commencing or terminating at L'Hospitalet de Llobregat run north of Arenys de Mar, using Calella, Blanes, Maçanet-Massanes, Figueres or Portbou stations as their northern terminus, in order from south to north. Furthermore, since 31 January 2009, there have been no limited services, so that the entirety of R1 and RG1 trains call at all stations. Previously, some R1 trains had operated limited services, skipping Montgat, Montgat Nord, and Cabrera de Mar-Vilassar de Mar stations.[21] The first trains run about 5:00 in the morning, with the latest arriving at about 1:00 at night.[6][7]

The designation of the services operating on the line depends on the route they operate. The services between Molins de Rei and Maçanet-Massanes are designated R1 in coordination with the rest of Barcelona commuter rail service lines, whilst the services between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and other stations located further north of Maçanet-Massanes are designated RG1 (the letter 'G' stands for Girona) to indicate that they are part of the Girona commuter rail service.[5] RG1 services began operating on 20 March 2014 (2014-03-20) after former R1 services between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Maçanet-Massanes were extended northwards to Figueres.[22] Since 20 June 2014 (2014-06-20), some of these services have been extended further north to Portbou.[23]

As of July 2015, the service routes operating on the R1-RG1 are as follows:[6][7]

Line Route No.
of stations
Journey time Days of
operation
Notes
R1 barcelona.svg Molins de Rei - Mataró 19 1:091 h 9 min Mon-Fri Calls at all stations along its route. Some trains operated limited service prior to January 2009.
Molins de Rei - Arenys de Mar 22 1:191 h 19 min Mon-Fri
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Mataró 15 0:5555 min Daily
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Arenys de Mar 18 1:061 h 6 min Mon-Fri
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Calella 21 1:211 h 21 min Mon-Fri
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Blanes 25 1:371 h 37 min Daily
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Maçanet-Massanes 27 1:501 h 50 min Daily
RG1 girona.svg L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Figueres 40 2:552 h 55 min Mon-Fri Calls at all stations along its route.
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Portbou 44 3:183 h 18 min Mon-Fri[b]
A 447 Series train on a R1 service at Sant Pol de Mar railway station in 2007.

The line's activity gathers on the section between L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Mataró, where a peak-time frequency of 6 minutes has been offered since 26 June 2011, that is the highest on any line of the Rodalies de Catalunya system.[24] The service frequency reduces as the line moves away from Barcelona, especially on the section north of Maçanet-Massanes, where only RG1 services operate on weekdays, and which is already served by regional rail line R11.[25] Moreover, the R1 does not operate south of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat on weekends, when this section is solely served by Barcelona commuter rail service line R4.[26]

As of July 2015, the approximate service frequencies on the R1-RG1 are as follows:[6][7]

Section Frequency
RH MD OP WE
Molins de Rei - L'Hospitalet de Llobregat 30? 30? 30? --
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Mataró 6? 10? 12? 15?
Mataró - Arenys de Mar 6? 10? 30? 30?
Arenys de Mar - Calella 15? 30? 30? 30?
Calella - Blanes 15? 30? 30? 30?
Blanes - Maçanet-Massanes 30? 60? 60? 60?
Maçanet-Massanes - Figueres 120? 120? 120? --[b]
Figueres - Portbou 240? 240? 240?

The trains used on the R1-RG1 are Civia--specifically, the 463, 464 and 465 Series, which consist of three, four and five cars per set, respectively--and 447 Series electrical multiple units (EMU).[1][27] Civia trains have been running on the line since July 2006, initially only operating services between Molins de Rei and Calella.[28] On average, these trains operate a total of 216 services on the line every day on weekdays, accounting for a ridership of 102,214, according to 2008 data.[1]

Future

The 2008-2015 Rail Infrastructure Master Plan for the Barcelona Commuter Rail Service, developed by the Spanish Ministry of Public Works and Transport, plans to establish a "coast-to-coast" and "inland-to-inland" line scheme.[29] According to this project, the current R1 will be extended southwards from Barcelona Sants to Sant Vicenç de Calders stations, via Vilanova i la Geltrú, taking over the southern section of the present line R2. The R1 will become the "coast-to-coast" line, creating a new major south-north axis along the coast of the Barcelona metropolitan area. R1 trains will continue to use the Meridiana Tunnel in central Barcelona with the new line scheme, which is currently not possible due to the configuration of the southern rail accesses to Barcelona Sants. A long-term project with an uncertain completion date, the new configuration would require multimillion-euro investments since it is associated with the construction of a new underground route in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat for the Rodalies de Catalunya lines running through the city as well as the new rail link for Barcelona-El Prat Airport.[30]

As stated in the master plan, the proposed peak-time service frequencies for the future R1 would be as follows:[31]

Section tph
Sant Vicenç de Calders - Vilanova i la Geltrú 6
Vilanova i la Geltrú - Mataró 12
Mataró - Blanes 6
Blanes - Maçanet-Massanes 3

List of stations

A Civia train on a R1 service at Sant Adrià de Besòs railway station in 2013.

The following table lists the name of each station served by line R1-RG1 in order from south to north; the station's service pattern offered by R1 and/or RG1 trains; the transfers to other Rodalies de Catalunya lines, including both commuter and regional rail services; remarkable transfers to other transport systems; the municipality in which each station is located; and the fare zone(s) each station belongs to according to the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM Àrea de Barcelona) and the Autoritat Territorial de la Mobilitat de l'Àrea de Girona (ATM Àrea de Girona) fare-integrated public transport systems,[32][33] as well as Rodalies de Catalunya's own fare zone system for Barcelona commuter rail service lines.[34]

# Terminal of a service
* Transfer station to other transport systems
#* Transfer station and terminal
? Station served by all trains running through it
? Limited service station
Station Service Rodalies de Catalunya transfers Other transfers Municipality Fare zone
R1 RG1 ATM AdB ATM AdG Rod
Molins de Rei# ? R4 -- Molins de Rei 2B -- 2
Sant Feliu de Llobregat ? R4 -- Sant Feliu de Llobregat 1 -- 2
Sant Joan Despí ? R4 -- Sant Joan Despí 1 -- 1
Cornellà* ? R4 Barcelona Metro line 5
Trambaix light rail services
Cornellà de Llobregat 1 -- 1
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat#* ? ? R3, R4, R12 Barcelona Metro line 1 at Rambla Just Oliveras station L'Hospitalet de Llobregat 1 -- 1
Barcelona Sants* ? ? R2, R2 Nord, R2 Sud, R3, R4, R11, R12, R13, R14, R15, R16 Renfe Operadora-operated high-speed and long-distance rail services
TGV high-speed rail services
Barcelona Metro lines 3 and 5 at Sants Estació station
National and international coach services
Barcelona 1 -- 1
Barcelona Plaça de Catalunya* ? ? R3, R4, R12 Barcelona Metro lines 1, 3, 6 and 7
Vallès Metro commuter rail services
Barcelona 1 -- 1
Barcelona Arc de Triomf* ? ? R3, R4, R12 Barcelona Metro line 1
National and international coach services at Estació del Nord
Barcelona 1 -- 1
Barcelona El Clot-Aragó* ? ? R2, R2 Nord, R11 Barcelona Metro lines 1 and 2 Barcelona 1 -- 1
Sant Adrià de Besòs* ? ? -- Trambesòs light rail services Sant Adrià de Besòs 1 -- 1
Badalona ? ? -- -- Badalona 1 -- 1
Montgat ? ? -- -- Montgat 1 -- 1
Montgat Nord ? ? -- -- Montgat 1 -- 1
El Masnou ? ? -- -- El Masnou 2E -- 2
Ocata ? ? -- -- El Masnou 2E -- 2
Premià de Mar ? ? -- -- Premià de Mar 2E -- 3
Vilassar de Mar ? ? -- -- Vilassar de Mar 2E -- 3
Cabrera de Mar-Vilassar de Mar ? ? -- -- Cabrera de Mar 2E -- 3
Mataró# ? ? -- -- Mataró 3E -- 4
Sant Andreu de Llavaneres ? ? -- -- Sant Andreu de Llavaneres 3E -- 4
Caldes d'Estrac ? ? -- -- Caldes d'Estrac 3E -- 4
Arenys de Mar# ? ? -- -- Arenys de Mar 4H -- 4
Canet de Mar ? ? -- -- Canet de Mar 4H -- 4
Sant Pol de Mar ? ? -- -- Sant Pol de Mar 4H -- 5
Calella# ? ? -- -- Calella 4H -- 5
Pineda de Mar ? ? -- -- Pineda de Mar 4H -- 5
Santa Susanna ? ? -- -- Santa Susanna 5H -- 5
Malgrat de Mar ? ? -- -- Malgrat de Mar 5H -- 5
Blanes#* ? ? -- Shuttle bus to Lloret de Mar and Tossa de Mar Blanes 5H -- 6
Tordera ? ? -- -- Tordera 5H -- 6
Maçanet-Massanes# ? ? R2 Nord, R11 -- Maçanet de la Selva 6G 6 6
Sils ? R11 -- Sils -- 6 --
Caldes de Malavella ? R11 -- Caldes de Malavella -- 6, 7 --
Riudellots ? R11 -- Riudellots de la Selva -- 1 --
Fornells de la Selva ? R11 -- Fornells de la Selva -- 1 --
Girona* ? R11 Renfe Operadora-operated high-speed rail services
TGV high-speed rail services
National and international coach services
Girona -- 1 --
Celrà ? R11 -- Celrà -- 1, 2 --
Bordils-Juià ? R11 -- Bordils -- 2 --
Flaçà ? R11 -- Flaçà -- 2 --
Sant Jordi Desvalls ? R11 -- Sant Jordi Desvalls -- 2 --
Camallera ? R11 -- Saus, Camallera i Llampaies -- -- --
Sant Miquel de Fluvià ? R11 -- Sant Miquel de Fluvià -- -- --
Vilamalla ? R11 -- Vilamalla -- -- --
Figueres# ? R11 -- Figueres -- -- --
Vilajuïga ? R11 -- Vilajuïga -- -- --
Llançà ? R11 -- Llançà -- -- --
Colera ? R11 -- Colera -- -- --
Portbou#* ? R11 Intercités long-distance rail services
TER Languedoc-Roussillon regional rail services
Portbou -- -- --

Notes

  1. ^ Note that 2008 ridership figures do not include data for the RG1 because it had not been created yet.
  2. ^ a b During the summer season, 3 daily L'Hospitalet de Llobregat-Portbou services are offered on weekends.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Línia R1" [Line R1]. Rodalies de Catalunya (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Renfe ha transportat 117 milions de viatgers als serveis de Rodalies de Catalunya" [Renfe has obtained a ridership of 117 million on the Rodalies de Catalunya system]. Rodalies de Catalunya (in Catalan). Government of Catalonia. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ a b Borràs, Bernat. "Línia RG1 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Figueres/Portbou per Mataró i Girona" [Line RG1 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat - Figueres/Portbou via Mataró and Girona]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ a b Borràs, Bernat. "Xarxa de via ampla - XC01. Línia Barcelona-Mataró-Blanes-Maçanet" [Broad gauge system - XC01. Barcelona-Mataró-Blanes-Maçanet line]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Xarxa Rodalies de Catalunya" [Rodalies de Catalunya System] (PDF) (Map). Rodalies de Catalunya (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "Schedule of line R1" (PDF). Rodalies de Catalunya. Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Schedule of line RG1" (PDF). Rodalies de Catalunya. Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Renfe cierra la estación de Cercanías y el tren ya llega desde Mataró hasta el centro de Barcelona" [Renfe shuts down Cercanías station and trains are already running from Mataró to central Barcelona] (PDF). La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Sant Adrià de Besòs. 19 May 1989. p. 32. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ Sierra, Lluís; V. Aroca, Jaume (27 May 1989). "Los Juegos Olímpicos cumplen su primer objetivo de ganar playas y acercar el Maresme a Barcelona" [The Olympic Games fulfill the objectives of gaining beach access and getting El Maresme closer to Barcelona] (PDF). La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. p. 20. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ a b Julià Sort (2013), p. 67
  11. ^ Julià Sort (2013), p. 69-71
  12. ^ "Sense tren directe entre Sants i l'aeroport per les obres del TAV" [No direct trains between Barcelona Sants and the airport due to the high-speed train construction works] (in Catalan). La Xarxa. 2 December 2005. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ a b Borràs, Bernat. "Línia R1 Molins de Rei - Maçanet-Massanes per Mataró" [Line R1 Molins de Rei - Maçanet-Massanes via Mataró]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ Martínez Sánchez, José Antonio (June 2006). "Inventari del sistema ferroviari de viatgers" [Inventory of the passenger rail system]. Anàlisi de la xarxa ferroviària de la RMB [Study on the railway system in the Barcelona metropolitan area] (PDF) (Thesis) (in Catalan). Polytechnic University of Catalonia. p. 38. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Renfe restablece conexión Barcelona-Aeropuerto" [Renfe reestablishes Barcelona-Airport link] (in Spanish). EuroFerroviarios. 20 July 2006. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ "Listado de líneas y estaciones" [List of railway lines and stations] (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministry of Public Works and Transport, Government of Spain. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Borràs, Bernat. "Xarxa de via ampla - XC03. Línia Barcelona-Vilafranca-Tarragona" [Broad gauge system - XC03. Barcelona-Vilafranca-Tarragona line]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ Borràs, Bernat. "Xarxa de via ampla - XC15. Estacions i línies de la ciutat de Barcelona" [Broad gauge system - XC15. Stations and lines in the city of Barcelona]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ Borràs, Bernat. "Xarxa de via ampla - XC02. Línia Barcelona-Girona-Portbou" [Broad gauge system - XC02. Barcelona-Girona-Portbou line]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  20. ^ "Fomento invertirá 92,9 millones de euros en la implantación del ERTMS en el primer tramo de la red de Cercanías de Barcelona" [The Ministry of Public Works and Transport will invest 92.9 million euro in the implementation of the ERTMS on the first stretch of the Barcelona commuter rail system] (PDF) (Press release) (in Spanish). Adif. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  21. ^ "Adif inicia la segunda fase de las obras de la línea de alta velocidad en el entorno de la estación de Sant Andreu Comtal" [Adif commences the second phase of the construction works of the high-speed rail line near Sant Andreu Comtal station]. Sala de prensa (Press release) (in Spanish). Adif. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "Girona estrena servei de rodalia el 24 de març amb connexió directa entre Figueres, Girona, Blanes i Mataró" [Starting on 24 March, Girona has for the first time a commuter rail service providing a direct link between Figueres, Girona, Blanes and Mataró] (PDF). Sala de premsa (Press release) (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  23. ^ "Territori i Sostenibilitat reforça la rodalia del Camp de Tarragona i la de Girona amb noves parades a partir d'aquest divendres" [The Department of Public Works has reinforced the Camp de Tarragona and the Girona commuter rail services with new stops starting on Friday] (PDF). Sala de premsa (Press release) (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  24. ^ García i Aranzueque, Raül (5 May 2011). "R8: Nova línia de rodalies" [R8: New commuter rail line]. El Punt Avui (in Catalan). Montgat. Retrieved 2014.
  25. ^ Borràs, Bernat. "Línia R11 Barcelona Sants - Portbou per Granollers Centre i Girona" [Line R11 Barcelona Sants - Portbou via Granollers Centre and Girona]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  26. ^ Borràs, Bernat. "Línia R4 Sant Vicenç de Calders - Manresa per Vilafranca del Penedès" [Line R4 Sant Vicenç de Calders - Manresa via Vilafranca del Penedès]. trenscat.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015.
  27. ^ "Línia RG1" [Line RG1]. Rodalies de Catalunya (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015.
  28. ^ Ureña Piñol, Albert (February 2010). "Memoria" [Statements]. Modificación del trazado de la línea C1 de RENFE. Estudio de Viabilidad [Modification of the route of RENFE line C1. Viability study.] (PDF) (Thesis) (in Spanish). Polytechnic University of Catalonia. p. 13. Retrieved 2015.
  29. ^ Ministerio de Fomento (2009), p. 29
  30. ^ Julià Sort (2013), p. 144-145
  31. ^ Ministerio de Fomento (2009), p. 94
  32. ^ Integrated Railway Network (PDF) (Map). Autoritat del Transport Metropolità. August 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  33. ^ "Transport zones". ATM Àrea de Girona. Retrieved 2015.
  34. ^ "Servei de rodalia de Barcelona" [Barcelona commuter rail service] (PDF) (Map). Rodalies de Catalunya (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. 20 July 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.

Bibliography

External links


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