Rechabite
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Rechabite

The Rechabites are a biblical clan, the descendants of Rechab through Jehonadab.

Biblical sources

The Rechabites belonged to the Kenites, who accompanied the Israelites into the Holy Land and dwelt among them. The main body of the Kenites dwelt in cities and adopted settled habits of life[1] but Jehonadab forbade his descendants to drink wine or to live in cities.[2] They were commanded to always lead a nomadic life.

The Rechabites adhered to the law laid down by Jonadab, and were noted for their fidelity to the old established custom of their family in the days of Jeremiah;[3] and this feature of their character is referred to by God for the purpose of giving point to his message to the King of Judah.[4][5] As a reward for their fidelity, God proclaims that there will always be a descendant of Jonadab in his service.

Claims of descent from the Rechabites

The Mekhilta tells a story - presumably dating to the late Second Temple period - of Rechabites, known as "sons of water drinkers" due to their abstention from wine.[6]

Rabbi Halafta (1st-2nd centuries) was a descendant of the Rechabites.[7]

The apocryphal History of the Rechabites, from late antiquity, details the journey of a monk named Zosimus to the "Land of the Rechabites."

In 1839 the Reverend Joseph Wolff, who later went to Bukhara to attempt to save Lieutenant Colonel Charles Stoddart and Captain Arthur Conolly, found in Yemen, near Sana'a, a tribe claiming to be descendants of Jehonadab; and in the late nineteenth century a Bedouin tribe was found near the Dead Sea who also professed to be descendants of Jehonadab.[8]

Many Muslims still claim descent from Rechab, along with the nearly-universal claim of Arabs to be descended from Abraham through Ishmael (Ismail).

Similar later groups

The term Rechabites also refers to a religious order, similar in some ways to the Nazirites, and they are mentioned by Eusebius of Emesa.[9]

In more recent times, the name has been used by Christian groups keen to promote total abstinence from alcohol, such as the Independent Order of Rechabites.[10]

References

  1. ^ 1 Samuel 30:29
  2. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Rechab and the Rechabites" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ Jeremiah 35
  4. ^ Jeremiah 35:14
  5. ^ They are referred to in Nehemiah 3:14 and 1 Chronicles 2:55
  6. ^ Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael, Yithro, Amalek 2
  7. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia Halafta
  8. ^ Rechabites - Easton's Bible Dictionary
  9. ^ Eusebius; H. E. ii. 23
  10. ^ Alan Axelrod. International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders. New York: Facts on File, inc., 1997, p. 206.

Attribution

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Rechabites". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.

Online sources


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Rechabite
 



 



 
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