Rahman (Islamic Term)
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Rahman Islamic Term

R-?-M (Arabic: ?-?-?‎, Hebrew: ?-?-?‎) is the triconsonantal root of many Arabic and Hebrew words, and many of those words are used as names. It indicates mercy and sympathy.

  • ra?'mah (Arabic: ?‎), ra?amim Hebrew: ‎): "caring; cares, mercy".

Arabic

Arabic verbal stems:

  • ra?ima: "be mild, care, have mercy"
  • raama: "care for, feel sympathy for"
  • istir?ama: "beg for mercy"
  • R-m-h: "womb"

Ra?m?n is an Arabic term that is commonly translated as "compassionate" or "beneficent". In the Islamic context; definite Al-Rahman is a name of God in Islam. There is debate as to whether this is also the name of a pre-Islamic Arabian deity, or if it simply an epithet of God as Al-Rahim "the Merciful" definitely is. As the terms "Ra?m?n" ("the merciful," a divine epithet), "the God of Israel", and the "Lord of Judah", can also be seen in 6th and 7th centuries inscriptions of Jewish Yemeni Himyarite Kingdom.[1] The Quraish appeared to be confused as to why Muhammad used this term.[] The pagan, Suhail ibn Amr, asked Muhammad to replace his insignia, "By the Name of God, Al-Rahman, the most Merciful," (b-ismi-ll?hi r-ra?m?ni r-rami) with "By Your Name O Allah!" (b-ismika allahum!) Furthermore, Suhail said, "As for 'Rahman,' by Allah, I do not know what it means."[2] It is thus unlikely an elative of Ra?im.

Surah 19 is the Surah in which the name Al-Rahman is mentioned most frequently (16 times). In verse 18 of this Sura, Maryam (Mary) says: "I seek refuge in Al-Rahman, that you may be righteous." Mary asks for protection from Al-Rahman against one whom she perceives as a man entering her private chambers, but who in fact is the Archangel Jibrl (Gabriel). In 19:45, Abraham says to his father, a disbeliever and idol-worshipper: "I fear you could be struck with the wrath of Al-Rahman, then become an ally of the devil."

Given names

See also

Rahmanism

Hebrew

  • ra?am, ra?amim: "care, be mild, have mercy, have tender affection, have compassion"
  • ra?um: "mildhearted, softhearted, compassionate"
  • ra?mani: "mild, meek, careful, merciful, compassionate"
  • ra?manos: "pity, mercy, empathy" (usage: to have ra?manos for someone)
  • ra?um v'?anun: compassionate and gracious/merciful. Two of the thirteen attributes of God's mercy in Judaism, from Exodus 34

References

  1. ^ "The Jewish Kingdom of Himyar (Yemen): Its Rise and Fall," by Jacob Adler, Midstream, May/June 2000 Volume XXXXVI No. 4
  2. ^ "Sahih Muslim 1784".

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Rahman_(Islamic_term)
 



 



 
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