Psalm 130 is the 130th psalm of the Book of Psalms, one of the Penitential psalms. The first verse is a call to God in deep sorrow, from "out of the depths" or "out of the deep", as it is translated in the King James Version of the Bible and the Coverdale translation (used in the Book of Common Prayer) respectively. It is one of 15 psalms that begin with the words "A song of ascents" (Shir Hama'alot). The Book of Psalms is in Ketuvim, the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and is a book of the Christian Old Testament. In the Greek Septuagint version of the Bible, and in the Latin Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 129 in a slightly different numbering system. In Latin, it is known as De profundis.
The psalm is a regular part of
Jewish, Catholic, Lutheran, Anglican and other Protestant liturgies. It was paraphrased in hymns. The psalm has been set to music often, by composers such as Orlando di Lasso, Heinrich Schütz and John Rutter.
Hebrew Bible version
Following is the Hebrew text of Psalm 130:
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A marginal note in the
Masoretic Text tradition indicates that Psalm 130:2 is the middle of the whole Ketuvim (Book of Writings) section in Hebrew.
King James Version
Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD.
Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.
I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.
My soul waiteth for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.
Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.
And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.
Psalm 130 is recited as part of the liturgy for the
High Holidays, sung responsively before the open Torah ark during the morning service from Rosh Hashanah until Yom Kippur. The custom of reciting this psalm during these times had long lain dormant until it was revived in the Birnbaum and Artscroll siddurim in the 20th century.
Psalm 130 is one of the 15
Songs of Ascents recited after the Shabbat afternoon prayer in the period between Sukkot and Shabbat HaGadol (the Shabbat prior to Passover). In some congregations, it is said on every weekday. In Hebrew, it is often referred to as "  Shir HaMa'alot MiMa'amakim" after its opening words.
It is recited during the
It is one of the psalms traditionally recited "in times of communal distress".
Verses 3-4 are part of the opening paragraph of the long
Tachanun recited on Mondays and Thursdays.
According to the
Rule of Saint Benedict established around 530, the psalm was used at the beginning of the vespers service on Tuesday, followed by Psalm 131 (130). 
In the current
Liturgy of the Hours, the psalm is recited or sung at vespers on the Saturday of the fourth week, and on Wednesday evenings. In the Liturgy of the Mass, Psalm 130 is read on the 10th Sunday of Ordinary Time in Year B, on the 5th Sunday of Lent in Year A, [a] and on the Tuesday in the 27th Week in Ordinary Time on weekday cycle I. [b] It is also used as the entrance antiphon on the 28th Sunday in Ordinary Time.
"De Profundis" was used as the title of a poem by
Spanish author Federico García Lorca in Poema del cante jondo.
A long letter by
Oscar Wilde, written to his former lover Lord Alfred Douglas near the end of Wilde's life while he was in prison, also bears the title " De Profundis", although it was given the title after Wilde's death. Poems by Alfred Tennyson, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Charles Baudelaire, Christina Rossetti, C. S. Lewis, Georg Trakl, Dorothy Parker and José Cardoso Pires bear the same title.
In the novel
by Sh?hei ?oka, the character Tamura makes reference to the psalm's first line "De profundis clamavi" in a dream sequence. Fires on the Plain
Martin Luther paraphrased Psalm 130 as the hymn " Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir" (Out of deep distress I cry to you), which has inspired several composers, including Bach ( cantatas and Aus der Tiefen rufe ich, Herr, zu dir, BWV 131 ), Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, BWV 38 Mendelssohn and Reger.
This psalm has been frequently set to music. It was sometimes used for funeral services, especially under its Latin incipit "De profundis":
Francesco Barsanti as part of his Sei Antifon 
Nicolaus Bruhns 
Marc Antoine Charpentier:
De profundis H.156, for soloists, chorus and continuo (?1670s) 
De profundis H.189, for soloists, double chorus, flutes, strings and continuo (1683) 
De profundis à 4 voix H.211, for soloists, chorus and continuo (?early 1690)
De profundis H.212, for soloists, chorus and continuo (?early 1690s)
De profundis H.213 (?early 1690), H.213 a (1690s), for soloists, chorus and continuo Court De profundis H.222, for soloists, chorus and continuo (?early 1690s)
Mikalojus Konstantinas ?iurlionis: cantata 
Michel Richard Delalande: De profundis 
Henry Desmarest: De profundis (before 1704) 
Josquin des Prez 
Jan Dismas Zelenka:
De Profundis ZWV 95, A minor, for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, violin, continuo ("violini et oboe colle voce ad libitum") (1728)
De Profundis ZWV 96, C minor, for tenor and bass soloists, chorus (SATB), strings and continuo (1727) De Profundis ZWV 97, D minor, for alto, tenor and three bass soloists, chorus (SATB), two oboes, three trombones, strings and continuo (1724)
Marcel Dupré 
Andrea Gabrieli, as part of his Psalmi Davidici 
Christoph Willibald Gluck 
Sofia Gubaidulina, De profundis 
Arthur Honegger, slow movement of Symphony No. 3 
Orlando di Lasso, as part of his Penitential Psalms
Felix Mendelssohn Jean-Joseph Cassanéa de Mondonville (1748) 
Some other works named
De profundis but with texts not derived from the psalm are:
Arne Nordheim ( Clamavi for solo cello) Simon Steen Andersen ( De Profundis for solo soprano saxophone also playing percussion)
^ The main cycle of liturgical prayers takes place over four weeks.
^ The cycle of Sunday Mass readings takes place over three years.
^ The lectionary on weekdays follows a bi-yearly cycle, alternating every other year.
Parallel Latin/English Psalter / Psalmus 129 (130) Archived 2017-05-07 at the Wayback Machine medievalist.net
Shepherd, Michael (2018). . Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 23. A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets ISBN . 978-0825444593
Cohen, Jeffrey M, 1,001 Questions and Answers on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, p. 167 .
Scherman, Rabbi Nosson (1984). (3rd ed.). The Complete Artscroll Siddur Mesorah Publications Ltd. p. 530. ISBN . 0-89906-650-X
^ Scherman (2003), p. 772.
Weintraub, Rabbi Simkha Y. "Psalms as the Ultimate Self-Help Tool". My Jewish Learning . Retrieved 2018.
^ Scherman (2003), p. 125.
Psautier latin-français du bréviaire monastique, 2003 , p. 502 .
, traduction de Rule of Saint Benedict Prosper Guéranger, Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, 2007 [réimpression] CS1 maint: others (. link)
?oka, Sh?hei (1957), , Fires on the Plain Tokyo, Japan: Tuttle Co., p. 86, ISBN 978-0-8048-1379-2 .
Psalm 130 Sikorski
^ Francesco Barsanti:
Sei Antifon, Op. 5 in Sacred Vocal Music, 2018
Free scores by De profundis clamavi (Nicolaus Bruhns) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
Free scores by De Profundis H 156 (Marc-Antoine Charpentier) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
Free scores by De Profundis H 189 (Marc-Antoine Charpentier) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
De Profundis Clamavi ad Te, Lietuv?: Elements of Lithuanian Nationalism in ?iurlionis's De Profundis Cantata
De Profundis, S.23 (Lalande, Michel Richard de): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
Data BNF. ata.bnf.fr/fr/13893216/henry_desmarest/ "Henry Desamrest".
Free scores by De profundis clamavi (Josquin des Prez) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
De Profundis Oratorienchor Potsdam
De profundis clamavi / composer / Andrea Gabrieli (c1510-1586) Hyperion Records
Free scores by De profundis clamavi (Christoph Willibald Gluck) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
^ David Fay:
Sofia's Choice: Gubaidulina at 80 at the Royal Academy of Music BachTrack.com, 23 February 2012.
^ [Arthur Honegger / Symphony No. 3 'Liturgique']
La Flute de Pan. "De profundis".
^ Pothárn Imre.
"De Profundis Clamavi"
Out Of The Depths (Psalm 130) op. 142; 3 Edition Peters
"Boulanger, Lili, Musical score". Repertoire Explorer . Retrieved 2016.
^ The attribution of the melody is uncertain, see
Braatz, Thomas; Oron, Aryeh. "Chorale Melody: Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir (I+II)". www.bach-cantatas.com . Retrieved 2020.