Pozna%C5%84 Voivodeship (1921-1939)
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Pozna%C5%84 Voivodeship 1921%E2%80%931939
Pozna? Voivodeship
Województwo Pozna?skie
Voivodeship of Poland
1919-1939
Poznan Voivodship 1938.png
Location of Pozna? Voivodeship (red)
within the Second Republic of Poland (1938).
CapitalPozna?
Area
 o Coordinates52°24?N 16°55?E / 52.400°N 16.917°E / 52.400; 16.917Coordinates: 52°24?N 16°55?E / 52.400°N 16.917°E / 52.400; 16.917
 
o 1921
26,528 km2 (10,243 sq mi)
o 1931
26,528 km2 (10,243 sq mi)
o 1939
28,089 km2 (10,845 sq mi)
Population 
o 1921
1,967,865
o 1931
2,339,600
Government
Voivode 
o Aug–October 1919 (first)
Wojciech Tr?mpczy?ski
o September 1939 (last)
Cyryl Ratajski
History 
o Established
1 August 1919
1 April 1938
12 September 1939
Preceded by
Succeeded by

Pozna? Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo Pozna?skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1919-1939, created after World War I from the Prussian-German province of Pozna? (Province of Posen). The borders were changed in 1939: the city of Bydgoszcz passed to the Pomeranian Voivodeship, but some eastern areas were included (see Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

During World War II, it was occupied by Nazi Germany and annexed as Reichsgau Wartheland "(Reich province of the Land of the Warta River)".

Area and counties

Between April 1, 1938 and September 1, 1939, the Voivodeship's area was 28 089 km2, and its population - 2 339 600 (according to the 1931 Polish census). It consisted of 29 powiats (the highest number in Poland, however, most of them were very small, both in area and population), 100 towns (the highest number in Poland) and 237 villages. Railroad density was high, with 10.1 km. per 100 km2 (total length of railroads within the Voivodeship's area was 2684 km, the highest in the whole country). Forests covered 19.8% of the Voivodeship, which was lower than the national average (in 1937 the average was 22.2%).

Pozna?skie Voivodeship was one of the richest and best developed in interwar Poland. With numerous cities and well-developed rail, it also was a breadbasket of the country, its highly efficient agriculture was well-mechanized. The city of Pozna? was a big industrial center, as well as a key railroad junction. Only 7.6% of population was illiterate, which was much lower than the national average of 23.1% (as of 1931). Poles made up the majority of the population (90.5%), with 7.4% Germans and 1.9% Jews.

After World War I the number of Germans was 224,254 in 1926 and 203,135 in 1934.[1]

This is the list of the Pozna? Voivodeship counties as for August 31, 1939:

  • Chodzie? county (area 893 km2, pop. 44 500),
  • Czarnków county (area 919 km2, pop. 43 300),
  • city of Gniezno county (area 18 km2, pop. 30 700),
  • Gniezno county (area 1 126 km2, pop. 57 300),
  • Gosty? county (area 701 km2, pop. 55 900),
  • Jarocin county (area 1 124 km2, pop. 87 500),
  • Kalisz county (area 1 478 km2, pop. 196 700),
  • K?pno county (area 1 179 km2, pop. 86 900),
  • Ko?o county (area 1 097 km2, pop. 109 800),
  • Konin county (area 2 152 km2, pop. 168 000),
  • Ko?cian county (area 1 057 km2, pop. 78 900),
  • Krotoszyn county (area 915 km2, pop. 75 500),
  • Leszno county (area 827 km2, pop. 61 200),
  • Mi?dzychód county (area 755 km2, pop. 31 000),
  • Mogilno county (area 1 059 km2, pop. 70 300),
  • Nowy Tomy?l county (area 1 276 km2, pop. 87 300),
  • Oborniki county (area 966 km2, pop. 50 400),
  • Ostrów Wielkopolski county (area 1 194 km2, pop. 104 100),
  • city of Pozna? county (area 77 km2, pop. 246 500),
  • Pozna? county (area 1 227 km2, pop. 91 200),
  • Rawicz county (area 523 km2, pop. 49 900),
  • Szamotu?y county (area 1 076 km2, pop. 67 700),
  • ?roda Wielkopolska county (area 800 km2, pop. 49 900),
  • ?rem county (area 921 km2, pop. 57 300),
  • Turek county (area 1 591 km2, pop. 130 500),
  • W?growiec county (area 1 037 km2, pop. 54 300),
  • Wolsztyn county (area 754 km2, pop. 47 900),
  • Wrze?nia county (area 608 km2, pop. 43 700),
  • ?nin county (area 739 km2, pop. 41 500).

Main cities

The biggest cities of the Voivodeship were (data according to the 1931 census):

  • Pozna? (pop. 246 500),
  • Kalisz (pop. 68 300),
  • Gniezno (pop. 30 700),
  • Ostrów Wielkopolski (pop. 24 400),
  • Leszno (pop. 19 400),
  • Ko?o (pop. 13 800)
  • Krotoszyn (pop. 13 000),
  • Konin (pop. 10 300).

German minority

According to Polish census in 1921 there were 16.7% Germans in Polish areas (327 846 overall) and 9.2% in 1931 (193 044 overall).[2]

County
(German name in brackets)[1]
ethnic German population (1926) ethnic German population (1934)
Odolanów (Adelnau) 10,038 9,442
Mi?dzychód (Birnbaum) 4,655 4,377
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg, town) 11,016 10,021
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg, district) 13,281 12,211
Czarnków (Czarnikau) 5,511 4,773
Gniezno (Gnesen) 8,616 7,876
Gosty? (Gostyn) 2,395 2,162
Grodzisk Wielkopolski (Grätz) / Nowy Tomy?l (Neutomischel) 16,576 16,555
Inowroc?aw (Hohensalza) 8,455 8,096
Jarocin (Jarotschin) / Pleszew (Pleschen) 4,667 4,019
K?pno (Kempen) / Ostrzeszów (Schildberg) 16,631 10,889
Chodzie? (Kolmar) 14,246 12,348
Ko?min (Koschmin) / Krotoszyn (Krotoschin) 6,542 5,807
Leszno (Lissa) 9,917 8,371
Mogilno (Mogilno) / Strzelno (Strelno) 8,727 7,770
Oborniki (Obornik) 9,417 8,410
Pozna? (Posen, town) 5,980 4,387
Pozna? (Posen, district) 4,687 4,252
Rawicz (Rawitsch) 6,184 5,038
Szamotu?y (Samter) 5,029 4,841
?migiel (Schmiegel) / Ko?cian (Kosten) 3,636 3,488
?rem (Schrimm) 2,802 3,574
?roda Wielkopolska (Schroda) 2,269 2,029
Szubin (Schubin) 10,193 8,879
Wyrzysk (Wirsitz) 13,495 12,410
Wolsztyn (Wollstein) 10,369 9,313
W?growiec (Wongrowitz) 8,401 7,143
Wrze?nia (Wreschen) 2,436 2,115
?nin (Znin) 5,404 4,539
Pozna? Voivodship (total) 224,254 203,135

Voivodes

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Kotowski, Albert S. (1998). Polens Politik gegenüber seiner deutschen Minderheit 1919-1939 (in German). Forschungsstelle Ostmitteleuropa, University of Dortmund. p. 56. ISBN 3-447-03997-3.
  2. ^ 11pic2.jpg

References

  • Maly rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakladem Glownego Urzedu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

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