Portal:Lithuania
Get Portal:Lithuania essential facts below. View Videos or join the Portal:Lithuania discussion. Add Portal:Lithuania to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Portal:Lithuania

The Lithuania Portal

Lithuania ( LITH-ew-AY-nee-?; Lithuanian: Lietuva [lt?'v?]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. It is one of the Baltic states and lies on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea to the southeast of Sweden and the east of Denmark, with Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the southwest. Lithuania covers an area of 65,300 km2 (25,200 sq mi), with a population of 2.8 million. Its capital and largest city is Vilnius; other major cities are Kaunas and Klaip?da. Lithuanians belong to the ethno-linguistic group of the Balts and speak Lithuanian, one of only a few living Baltic languages.

For centuries the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, founding the Kingdom of Lithuania on 6 July 1253. In the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were all lands of the Grand Duchy. With the Union of Lublin of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state personal union, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries dismantled it in 1772-1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory. As World War I ended, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, founding the modern Republic of Lithuania. In World War II, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. Towards the end of the war in 1944, when the Germans were retreating, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. Lithuanian armed resistance to the Soviet occupation lasted until the early 1950s. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania passed the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, becoming the first Soviet republic to proclaim its independence.

Lithuania is a developed country, with a high income advanced economy; ranking very high in the Human Development Index. It ranks favourably in terms of civil liberties, press freedom and internet freedom. However, Lithuania has experienced a gradual population decline since the 1990s, with social issues such as income inequality and high suicide rate remaining a problem. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, the Nordic Investment Bank, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD. It participates in the Nordic-Baltic Eight (NB8) regional co-operation format. (Full article...)

Selected article - show another

A 19th-century copy of a portrait attributed to Martin Kober representing Stephen Báthory in decorative Sarmatian attire

Stephen Báthory (Hungarian: Báthory István; Polish: Stefan Batory; Lithuanian: Steponas Batoras; 27 September 1533 - 12 December 1586) was Voivode of Transylvania (1571-1576), Prince of Transylvania (1576-1586), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1576-1586).

The son of Stephen VIII Báthory and a member of the Hungarian Báthory noble family, Báthory was a ruler of Transylvania in the 1570s, defeating another challenger for that title, Gáspár Bekes. In 1576 Báthory became the husband of Queen Anna Jagiellon and the third elected king of Poland. He worked closely with chancellor Jan Zamoyski. The first years of his reign were focused on establishing power, defeating a fellow claimant to the throne, Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and quelling rebellions, most notably, the Danzig rebellion. He reigned only a decade, but is considered one of the most successful kings in Polish history, particularly in the realm of military history. His signal achievement was his victorious campaign in Livonia against Russia in the middle part of his reign, in which he repulsed a Russian invasion of Commonwealth borderlands and secured a highly favorable treaty of peace (the Peace of Jam Zapolski). (Full article...)

Did you know - show another

  • ...Lithuanian basketball legend Arvydas Sabonis is not only considered as one of the best European basketball players of all-time, but also currently is the tallest person in the whole Lithuania with 223,6 cm height?

Related portals

Parent topics

Neighboring countries

Selected images

Categories

Category puzzle
Select [?] to view subcategories

WikiProjects

See WikiProject Lithuania for discussions and requests regarding Lithuania related articles.

Related projects:

General images

The following are images from various Lithuania-related articles on Wikipedia.

Topics

Public holidays in Lithuania
Date English name Local name Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Naujieji metai  
February 16 the Day of Restoration of the State of Lithuania (1918) Lietuvos valstyb?s atk?rimo diena  
March 11 Day of Restoration of Independence of Lithuania (from the Soviet Union, 1990) Lietuvos nepriklausomyb?s atk?rimo diena  
The first Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March and following Monday Easter Velykos Commemorates resurrection of Jesus
May 1 International Workers' Day Tarptautin? darbo diena  
First Sunday in May Mother's Day Motinos diena  
First Sunday in June Father's Day T?vo diena  
June 24 St. John's Day [Christian name], Day of Dew [original pagan name] Jonin?s, Rasos Celebrated according to mostly pagan traditions. (aka: Midsummer Day, Saint Jonas Day)
July 6 Statehood Day Valstyb?s (Lietuvos karaliaus Mindaugo kar?navimo) diena Commemorates coronation of the first king, Mindaugas
August 15 Assumption Day ?olin? (?v?. Mergel?s Marijos ?mimo ? dang? diena)  
November 1 All Saints' Day Vis? ?vent?j? diena (V?lin?s)  
December 24 Christmas Eve ?v. Kios  
December 25 and 26 Christmas ?v. Kal?dos Commemorates birth of Jesus

Recognized content

Featured articles

Featured lists

Good articles

Did you know? articles

In the News articles

Main page featured articles

Main page featured lists


New articles

This list was generated from these rules. Questions and feedback are always welcome! The search is being run daily with the most recent ~14 days of results. Note: Some articles may not be relevant to this project.

Rules | Match log | Results page (for watching) | Last updated: 2021-06-19 19:57 (UTC)

Note: The list display can now be customized by each user. See List display personalization for details.















Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Study Guides
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Sources

  1. ^ Albala, K. (2011). Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia. Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia. Greenwood. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-313-37626-9. Retrieved 2019.

Portals

Purge server cache


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Portal:Lithuania
 



 



 
Music Scenes