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View from Connors Hill in Shire of East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia - show another panorama
View from Connors Hill in Shire of East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia - show another panorama

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia's population of nearly 26 million, in an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Canberra is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Sydney, and other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent for about 65,000 years, prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored by European settlers and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.

Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a megadiverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Australia generates its income from various sources, including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, manufacturing, and international education.

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The Australian Air Corps (AAC) was a temporary formation of the Australian military that existed in the interval between the disbandment of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) of World War I and the establishment of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) in March 1921. Raised in January 1920, the AAC was commanded by Major William Anderson, a former AFC pilot. Many of the AAC's members were also from the AFC and would go on to join the RAAF. Although part of the Australian Army, for most of its existence the AAC was overseen by a board of senior officers that included members of the Royal Australian Navy. (Full article...)

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Steve Dodd in a military uniform, including slouch hat, smiling at camera.
Steve Dodd, serving with the Australian Army in Korea (1953), Australian War Memorial
Steve Dodd (1 June 1928 – 10 November 2014) was an Indigenous Australian actor, notable for playing indigenous characters across seven decades of Australian film. After beginning his working life as a stockman and rodeo rider, Dodd was given his first film roles by prominent Australian actor Chips Rafferty. His career was interrupted by six years in the Australian Army during the Korean War, and limited by typecasting. (Full article...)

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24 July 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
New Zealand suspends its quarantine-free travel with Australia for at least eight weeks amid a surge of COVID-19 cases caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant. But there will be managed return flights over the next seven days for New Zealand citizens who want to return home. (The Sydney Morning Herald)
24 July 2021 - Climate change in Australia
The World Heritage Committee rejects calls from UNESCO to list the Great Barrier Reef as a World Heritage Site "in danger" from the effects of anthropogenic climate change and ocean acidification, in line with scientific consensus on the Reef's health. Australia lobbied a number of oil-rich countries, including Russia and Saudi Arabia, to reject the proposal. (The Guardian)
23 July 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
22 July 2021 - COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Australia
COVID-19 vaccination in Australia
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison apologises during a press conference for the slow rollout of the vaccination program and appeals for changes to the restrictions on the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine. (ABC Australia)

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A panorama of Melbourne's Yarra River at twilight, showing the Central Business District on the left and the Southbank entertainment district on the right.

Melbourne is the state capital and largest city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-largest city in Australia, with a population of approximately 3.7 million[1] (2006 estimate). It is a coastal city located at the northern end of the Port Phillip Bay. The city's name is pronounced as either /'mel.b?n/ or /'mæl.b?n/. Formerly the capital city of Australia from 1901 until 1927, Melbourne is today a centre of finance and entertainment and is considered a minor world city.

Photo credit: Diliff

On this day  

25 July:

Alice Springs

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The following are images from various Australia-related articles on Wikipedia.
{{#tag:gallery|File:Showing method of attack with boomerang - NMA-15147.jpg|A Luritja man demonstrating method of attack with boomerang under cover of shield (1920) (from Culture of Australia)

File:HydeParkBarracks.JPG|Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney (from Culture of Australia) File:The Old Bush Songs by Banio Paterson.jpg|Cover of Old Bush Songs, Banjo Paterson's 1905 collection of bush ballads (from Culture of Australia) File:The Story of the Kelly Gang 1906.jpg|Actor playing the bushranger Ned Kelly in The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906), the world's first feature film (from Culture of Australia) File:George Caddy Surf Lifesavers.jpg|The surf lifesaving movement originated in Australia. (Pictured: surf lifesavers, Bondi Beach, 1930s). (from Culture of Australia) File:Elle Macpherson (6265242653).jpg|Elle Macpherson, 2011 (from Culture of Australia) File:Princess Theatre, Melbourne, Australia.jpg|The Princess Theatre in Melbourne (from Culture of Australia) File:Bathurst Island men.jpg|Men from Bathurst Island, 1939 (from Aboriginal Australians) File:Bradman c.1928.jpg|Donald Bradman is often cited as statistically the greatest sportsman of any major sport. (from Culture of Australia) File:Royal exhibition building tulips straight.jpg|The Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne (from Culture of Australia) File:Billycan-campfire.jpg|A billycan used for heating water (from Culture of Australia) File:Joseph Lycett Corroboree Newcastle.jpg|Corroboree at Newcastle by convict artist Joseph Lycett, ca. 1818. Aboriginal Australian religious practices associated with the Dreamtime have been practized for tens of thousands of years. (from Culture of Australia) File:Queenslander East Brisbane 1a.jpg|A typical Queenslander house in Brisbane (from Culture of Australia) File:Sheep eating grass edit02.jpg|Sheep grazing in rural Australia. Early British settlers introduced Western stock and crops and Australian agriculture now produces an abundance of fresh produce. (from Culture of Australia) File:Catherine Helen Spence.jpg|South Australian suffragette Catherine Helen Spence (1825-1910). The Australian colonies established democratic parliaments from the 1850s and began to grant women the vote in the 1890s. (from Culture of Australia) File:Federation Square (SBS Building).jpg|The SBS building in Melbourne's Federation Square. SBS is Australia's multicultural broadcaster. (from Culture of Australia) File:Mary MacKillop.jpg|St Mary Mackillop established an extensive network of schools and is Australia's first canonized saint of the Catholic Church. (from Culture of Australia) File:Australian Aboriginal Flag.svg|The Australian Aboriginal Flag (from Aboriginal Australians) File:The Founding of Australia. By Capt. Arthur Phillip R.N. Sydney Cove, Jan. 26th 1788.jpg|Governor Arthur Phillip hoists the British flag over the new colony at Sydney in 1788. (from Culture of Australia) File:Elderly swagman.jpg|A swagman in bushman's apparel, wearing a brimmed hat and carrying swag, and billy can. (from Culture of Australia) File:Paul Kelly 2007.jpg|Singer-songwriter Paul Kelly (from Culture of Australia) File:15 Northcote Avenue, Killara, New South Wales (2011-06-15).jpg|Federation Bungalow in Killara, Sydney (from Culture of Australia) File:Dawn service gnangarra 03.jpg|Anzac Day dawn services are held throughout Australia every April. (from Culture of Australia) File:PharLap.JPG|Phar Lap winning the Melbourne Cup, "the race that stops a nation" (from Culture of Australia) File:Melba Rupert Bunny.jpg|Portrait of Madame Melba by Rupert Bunny (from Culture of Australia) File:Golden-wattle.jpg|Golden Wattle, Australia's floral emblem and the source of Australia's national colors, green and gold (from Culture of Australia) File:Aboriginal Australians montage.jpg|1st row: Windradyne, David Gulpilil, Albert Namatjira], David Unaipon, Mandawuy Yunupingu 2nd row: Truganini, Yagan, Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu, Bennelong, [[Robert Tudawali] (from Aboriginal Australians) File:Dame Edna at the royal wedding cropped.jpg|Dame Edna Everage, a comic creation of Barry Humphries (from Culture of Australia) File:Australian bush tucker, Alice Springs.jpg|Bush tucker harvested in Alice Springs (from Culture of Australia) File:Alexander Schramm - An Aboriginal encampment, near the Adelaide foothills - Google Art Project.jpg|An Aboriginal encampment near the Adelaide foothills in an 1854 painting by Alexander Schramm (from Aboriginal Australians) File:First State of Origin Shield.jpg|The first State of Origin shield (from Culture of Australia) File:Buskers Fremantle Markets.jpg|Didgeridoo performers (from Culture of Australia) File:J F Archibald Henry Lawson.jpg|The Bulletin, founded by J. F. Archibald (left), nurtured bush poets such as Henry Lawson (right). (from Culture of Australia) File:Sydney Opera House Close up HDR Sydney Australia.jpg|Sydney Opera House (foreground) and Sydney Harbor Bridge (from Culture of Australia) File:Birdsville Hotel.jpg|Birdsville Hotel, an Australian pub in outback Queensland (from Culture of Australia) File:PortArthur main lowres.JPG|Convict architecture at Port Arthur, Tasmania (from Culture of Australia) File:Kylie Minogue at The Queen's Birthday Party (cropped 3).jpg|Kylie Minogue is hailed as one of Australia's most successful pop musicians (from Culture of Australia) File:Wiggles 2007 Lineup.jpg|The Wiggles performing in the United States in 2007 (from Culture of Australia) File:Melbourne Collins Street Architecture.jpg|Victorian era buildings in Collins Street, Melbourne (from Culture of Australia) File:Nan-Tien-Temple.jpg|Nan Tien Temple, a Buddhist temple in Wollongong. Multicultural immigration has increased Australia's religious diversity. (from Culture of Australia) File:University of Sydney Main Quadrangle.jpg|The University of Sydney (from Culture of Australia) File:Australian PR COB 2006.PNG|Countries of birth of Australian estimated resident population, 2006 (from Culture of Australia) File:SaintMarys CathedralSydney.jpg|Interior of St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney (from Culture of Australia) File:Aboriginal Australian women and children, Maloga, N.S.W.jpg|Historical image of Aboriginal Australian women and children, Maloga, New South Wales around 1900 (in European dress) (from Aboriginal Australians) File:Tropfest 2011.jpg|Founded in 1993, Sydney's Tropfest is the world's largest short film festival. (from Culture of Australia) File:Noongar traditional dancers, Perth, Australia.jpg|Noongar traditional dancers, Perth, Australia (from Aboriginal Australians) File:Kiandra carnival 1900 Charles Kerry.jpeg|Skiing in Australia began in Kiandra, a goldmining town in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales, in the 1860s. (from Culture of Australia) File:Australia national rugby union team (Wallabies).jpg|A group of Australian men wearing budgie smugglers. (from Culture of Australia) File:DennisWriting.jpg|C. J. Dennis, poetic humorist of Australian English (from Culture of Australia) File:MCG-1864.JPG|Cricket match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, 1860s (from Culture of Australia) File:Fremantle Oval Statue.jpg|Statue in Fremantle of an Australian rules footballer taking a spectacular mark (from Culture of Australia) File:Parliament House Canberra Dusk Panorama.jpg|Parliament House, Canberra (from Culture of Australia) File:SIMPSON AND HIS DONKEY MONUMENT.jpg|A commemorative statue of John Simpson Kirkpatrick, a famous stretcher bearer who was killed in the Gallipoli Campaign. (from Culture of Australia)

File:186 Aboriginal dwellings w480.jpg|Aboriginal dwellings in Hermannsburg, Northern Territory, 1923. Image: Herbert Basedow (from Aboriginal Australians)|mode=slideshow|class=switcher-container}}

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Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia
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