Portal:Anatomy
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Portal:Anatomy


Introduction

Anatomy (Greek anatom?, 'dissection') is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science which deals with the structural organization of living things. It is an old science, having its beginnings in prehistoric times. Anatomy is inherently tied to developmental biology, embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated, both over immediate and long-term timescales. Anatomy and physiology, which study the structure and function of organisms and their parts respectively, make a natural pair of related disciplines, and are often studied together. Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine.

The discipline of anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal's body parts using unaided eyesight. Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology, and also in the study of cells.

The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. (Full article...)

Selected general anatomy article

Histopathology: microscopic appearance of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. The slide is stained with Haematoxylin & Eosin.

Anatomical pathology (Commonwealth) or Anatomic pathology (U.S.) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs and tissues. Over the last century, surgical pathology has evolved tremendously: from historical examination of whole bodies (autopsy) to a more modernized practice, centered on the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer to guide treatment decision-making in oncology. Its modern founder was the Italian scientist Giovan Battista Morgagni from Forlì.

Anatomical pathology is one of two branches of pathology, the other being clinical pathology, the diagnosis of disease through the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids or tissues. Often, pathologists practice both anatomical and clinical pathology, a combination known as general pathology. Similar specialties exist in veterinary pathology. (Full article...)

Selected anatomical feature

The human head drawn by Leonardo da Vinci

In human anatomy, the head is at the top of the human body. It supports the face and is maintained by the skull, which itself encloses the brain. (Full article...)

Selected organ

Front of abdomen, showing the large intestine, with the stomach and small intestine in gray outline.

The large intestine, also known as the large bowel, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates. Water is absorbed here and the remaining waste material is stored as feces before being removed by defecation.

The colon is the largest portion of the large intestine, so many mentions of the large intestine and colon overlap in meaning whenever precision is not the focus. Most sources define the large intestine as the combination of the cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal. Some other sources exclude the anal canal. (Full article...)

Selected biography

Al-Zahrawi Portrait.jpg

Ab? al-Q?sim Khalaf ibn al-'Abb?s al-Zahr?w? al-Ansari (Arabic: ‎;‎ 936-1013), popularly known as Al-Zahrawi (), Latinised as Abulcasis (from Arabic Ab? al-Q?sim), was an Arab Andalusian physician, surgeon and chemist. Considered to be the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages, he has been referred to as the "father of modern surgery".

Al-Zahrawi's principal work is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices. The surgery chapter of this work was later translated into Latin, attaining popularity and becoming the standard textbook in Europe for the next five hundred years. Al-Zahrawi's pioneering contributions to the field of surgical procedures and instruments had an enormous impact in the East and West well into the modern period, where some of his discoveries are still applied in medicine to this day. He pioneered the use of catgut for internal stitches, and his surgical instruments are still used today to treat people. (Full article...)

Selected images

Categories

C Puzzle.png
? Anatomy? (29 C, 137 P)
? Anatomists? (3 C, 7 P)
? Anatomy portals? (14 P)
? Animal anatomy? (23 C, 130 P)
? Body Regions? (4 C)
? Brain anatomy? (5 P)
? Cell anatomy? (6 C, 104 P)
? Embryology? (11 C, 173 P)
? Eye anatomy? (4 C, 3 P)
? Histology? (9 C, 114 P)
? History of anatomy? (3 C, 57 P)
? Human anatomy? (20 C, 106 P)
? Organs (anatomy)? (22 C, 32 P)
? Anatomical pathology? (2 C, 114 P)
? Plant anatomy? (7 C, 145 P)
? Sexual anatomy? (6 C, 30 P)
? Tissues (biology)? (9 C, 78 P)
? Anatomy stubs? (12 C, 265 P)
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WikiProjects

Some Wikipedians have formed a project to better organize information in articles related to Anatomy. This page and its subpages contain their suggestions; it is hoped that this project will help to focus the efforts of other Wikipedians. If you would like to help, please swing by the talk page.

Good article new good articles since last newsletter include Thyroid, Hypoglossal nerve, Axillary arch, Human brain, Cerebrospinal fluid, Accessory nerve, Gallbladder, and Interventricular foramina (neuroanatomy)
Essay There is Introduction to Anatomy on Wikipedia published in the Journal of Anatomy [1]
Before the featured portal process ceased in 2017, this had been designated as a featured portal. We reach two projects goals of 20 good articles, and less than half of our articles as stubs, in July 2017. Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Anatomy/Archive 11#Congratulations to all
Project page A discussion about two preferred section titles takes place here.

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