Polish Car Number Plates
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Polish Car Number Plates

Vehicle registration plates of Poland indicate the region of registration of the vehicle given the number plate.

According to Polish law, the registration plate is tied to the vehicle, not the owner. There is no possibility for the owner to keep the licence number for use on a different car, even if it's a custom number. The licence plates are issued by the powiat (county) of the vehicle owner's registered address of residence, in the case of a natural person. If it is owned by a legal person, the place of registration is determined by the address of its seat. Vehicles leased under operating leases and many de facto finance leases will be registered at the seat of the lessor. When a vehicle changes hands, the new owner must apply for new vehicle registration document bearing his or her name and registered address. The new owner may obtain a new licence plate although it is not necessary when new owner's residence address lies in the same area as the previous owner's. In such a situation the licence plates are usually carried over to the new owner, because the change carries an additional cost. Upon purchasing a vehicle from another person, if the vehicle has an EU plate, the new owner must replace it with a license for their address and area, and give the EU plate to their powiat plate mint to free up numbers in the future. If the car has a pre-May 1, 2006 plate, the owner is free to do whatever they wish with it, as long as it is legal under Polish law. The plaque cannot be replaced if destroyed. The change of the whole set is required.

The change in system shown below in 2001 is related to the reduction in the previous year of the number of voivodeships in Poland from 49 to 16, based on the country's historic regions. The pre-2001 licence plates (white letters on black background) can be used indefinitely, but since they are obsolete they have to be replaced in case of change of vehicle's ownership.

In the pre-2001 model, there were not sufficient letters in the Polish alphabet for each of the old voivodeships to have a single letter. Only the standard latin alphabet were used (outside Q), the specific Polish characters with diacritics were excluded in order to make the plates fully internationally readable. Therefore, two letters had to be used to indicate the vehicle's origin (the middle administrative level of powiat was not introduced until 1999). Since the change, the first letter denotes the new voivodeship. One additional letter is used in cities with rights of powiat (this applies to 47 of 49 capitals of the old voivodeships, the exceptions being Ciechanów and Sieradz, and numerous major cities). Two additional letters are used in any other powiat.

It is not necessary for EU citizens to re-register the vehicles they have brought with them, which are duly registered and taxed elsewhere in the EU, when living in Poland. This emerges from European law, although local regulations have to date not been changed to reflect the law, leading to officials locally sometimes giving incorrect advice on this point. If in doubt, refer to your Embassy.


Stickers and security measures

The licence plates are invalid without the two adhesive stickers with a hologram placed on the license plates, and an adhesive plaque bearing the same number as the plates on the inside of windshield. If the vehicle uses only one licence plate the second sticker must be attached to the registration papers.

Licence plate types and combinations

Each powiat uses a unique two or three letter code, with the first letter denoting the powiat's voivodeship. The number pools listed below are not used in any particular order, although one pool is usually depleted before the next one is used. A visible gap exists between the area code and series, but there is no possibility of confusion if the number is written down without it.

Polish voivodeship licence plate codes. First letter indicate the region (voivodeship)

The following characters are used in licence plate examples:

  • X - voivodeship code
  • XY, XYZ - powiat code
  • J, K, L - any allowed letter
  • digits

The letters used in licence plates include all standard Latin alphabet letters outside of Q (not used at all in the Polish language). The letters B, D, I, O, and Z cannot be used in series area (on the right, after the gap), because they can be confused with digits. Only custom plates can include these letters, including letter Q, not existing in the Polish alphabet. The leading 0 in numbers is never omitted.

Cars, trucks, and buses

Polish license plates from Radomsko
Polish license plate from Ustrzyki Dolne


  • XY 12345
  • XY 1234J
  • XY 123JK
  • XY 1J345
  • XY 1JK45
  • XYZ J234
  • XYZ 12JK
  • XYZ 1J34 (first digit cannot be 0)
  • XYZ 12J4 (last digit cannot be 0)
  • XYZ 1JK4 (neither digit can be 0)
  • XYZ JK34
  • XYZ 12345
  • XYZ 1234J
  • XYZ 123JK

The number of available unique numbers with these mentioned formats is 1,100,000 for each two-letter powiat code, and 872,400 for each three-letter powiat code. Note that the combinations "XYZ 1234" and "XYZ 123J" are not used, because they would lead to creation of numbers identical to these in the old system. Also, the two-letter powiat codes must be followed by a leading digit, "XY 1...", to avoid confusion with the "XYZ ..." scheme, as the gap is not significant. Electric vehicles have green background on their license plates.

Motorcycles, mopeds, and agricultural vehicles

Motorcycle plate


  • XY 1234
  • XY 123J
  • XY 1J34 (first digit cannot be 0)
  • XY 12J4 (last digit cannot be 0)
  • XY 12JK
  • XY JK12
  • XYZ J234
  • XYZ 12JK
  • XYZ 1J34 (first digit cannot be 0)
  • XYZ 12J4 (last digit cannot be 0)
  • XYZ 1JK4 (neither digit can be 0)
  • XYZ JK34
  • XYZ J23K
  • XYZ J2KL (a digit cannot be 0)

Cars - reduced size


  • X 123
  • X 12J
  • X 1J2
  • X J12
  • X 1JK
  • X JK1
  • X J1K

The plates are designed for cars from USA. Reduced size plates are the same width as US plates.

Classic cars

Polish classic car's plate from Zabrze
Polish classic car's plate (since May 1, 2006)


  • XY 12J
  • XY 123
  • XYZ 1J
  • XYZ 12
  • XYZ J1

These plates use black text on a yellow background with an additional picture of a vintage car on the right side. Only cars older than 25 years, out of production for 15 years and containing at least 75% of original parts are eligible to be registered as classic cars, with an exception of prototypes that were never produced, cars of considerable historical value or "being an example of original or important technological solutions". These plates are issued on a case by case rules.

Temporary and export plates

Polish temporary plate from the Lower Silesian Voivodeship


  • X1 2345
  • X1 234J

These plates use red text on a white background. The plates wear a seal with month and year of validation. The windshield plaque is not issued with it.

Testing vehicles

Polish testing plate from the Silesian Voivodeship


  • X1 234 B

These plates use red text on a white background. The windshield plaque is not issued with it. The last character is always the letter B (B stands for badawcza, which translates to "testing type"). Only car manufacturers and automobile R&D centres are issued these plates.

Custom plates

Custom Polish licence plate from the Greater Poland Voivodeship


  • X1 JKLMN

These plates use standard black letters on a white background. Each custom number starts with the letter denoting voivodeship and a single digit, followed by the gap. This digit and next characters can be picked by the owner. Outside the availability the following constrains are used:

  • after the gap between 3 and 5 characters can be used
  • the first character must be a letter
  • no more than 2 last characters can be digits
  • all letters come before digits (i.e. they cannot be intermixed)
  • any standard Latin letter outside Q can be used (unlike common licence plates)
  • resulting plate must not contain or resemble offensive contents

Professional plates


  • X12 34P56 (second letter is always "P")

Since July 2019 car dealers of new cars can apply for special number plates with green letters on white background specifically for doing test drives. Those plates are issued exclusively for the company itself and not for a specific car which means that those plates can be applied to multiple vehicles at once. Only car retailers can obtain one and such cars can be driven only by the car dealer - owner of the company, his employees or by the customers but only while being accompanied by car dealership owner or his worker.

Diplomatic plates

Polish Diplomatic plate from the Masovian Voivodeship for use by Germany (indicated by 005)


  • X 123456

White symbols on blue background. First three digits indicate country or organization.

Table of codes:

Code Country
001  United States
002  United Kingdom
003  France
004  Canada
005  Germany
006  Netherlands
007  Italy
008  Austria
009  Japan
010  Turkey
011  Belgium
012  Denmark
013  Norway
014  Greece
015  Australia
016  Algeria
017  Afghanistan
018  Argentina
019  Brazil
020  Bangladesh
021  Egypt
022  Ecuador
023  Finland
024  Spain
025  Iraq
026  Iran
027  India
028  Indonesia
029  Colombia
030  Malaysia
031  Libya
032  Morocco
033  Mexico
034  Nigeria
035  Pakistan
036  Portugal
037  Palestine
038  Syria
039  Sweden
040   Switzerland
041  Tunisia
042  Thailand
043  Venezuela
044  Uruguay
045  Peru
046  Yemen
047  Costa Rica
048  Democratic Republic of Congo
049  Israel
050  Nicaragua
051  Chile
052   Holy See
053  South Korea
054 European Union European Commission
055  Ireland
056 World Bank
057 International Monetary Fund
058  Philippines
059 International Finance Corporation
060  South Africa
061 Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
062  Cyprus
063  Kuwait
064  United Nations
065  Russia
066  Slovakia
067  Czech Republic
068  Bulgaria
069  Hungary
070  Romania
071  Vietnam
072  Serbia
073  North Korea
074  Cuba
075  Albania
076  China
077  Mongolia
078 International Labour Organization
079 Organization for Cooperation of Railways
080 Diplomatic Club
081  Laos
082  Angola
083  Ukraine
084 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
085  Lithuania
086  Belarus
087  Latvia
088  Croatia
089  Lebanon
090  Slovenia
091  Guatemala
092  Estonia
093  Macedonia
094  Moldova
095  Israel
096  Armenia
097  Sri Lanka
098  Kazakhstan
099  Saudi Arabia
100  Georgia
101  Uzbekistan
102 United Nations Human Settlements Programme
103  New Zealand
104  Azerbaijan
105  Sovereign Military Order of Malta
106  Cambodia
107 Frontex
108  Luxembourg
109  Bosnia and Herzegovina
110  Panama
111  Qatar
112  Malta
113  United Arab Emirates
114  Montenegro
115  Senegal

Service plates

Polish border guard plate
Polish police plate


  • H#J K234
  • H#J 12KL

Vehicles utilised used by the Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration use licence plates beginning with "H", instead of the voivodeship code. The second letter denotes the service, for example "HP" is used by the Polish Police. Any standard Latin letter outside Q can be used (unlike common licence plates). These services are also allowed to use common licence plates.


  • HA# - Central Bureau of Anticorruption
  • HB# - Government Protection Bureau
  • HC# - Customs Service
  • HK# - Internal Security Agency, Foreign Intelligence Agency
  • HM# - Military Counterintelligence Agency, Military Intelligence Agency
  • HP# - Police
  • HS# - Fiscal Control
  • HW# - Border Guard

Military plates

Polish military plate


  • U# 12345
  • UC 1234T
  • UK 1234

The Polish military uses licence plates beginning with "U" instead of the voivodeship code. The following letter denotes the usage of the vehicle. For example, military trucks have licence plates beginning with "UC". The trailing T in the number denotes a tracked vehicle. The military are not obliged to use the standard licence plates on tracked vehicles, armoured cars and armoured personnel carriers - they can be painted on the vehicle itself or applied as a sticker.


  • UA# - Cars, offroad vehicles and specialistic vehicles based on cars or off-roaders
  • UB# - Armoured personnel carriers
  • UC# - Military trucks
  • UD# - Buses
  • UE# - Trucks
  • UG# - Special trucks
  • UI# - Transport trailers
  • UJ# - Special trailers
  • UK# - Motorcycles

Cost of purchasing registration plates

  • Regular - 80 PLN
  • Motorcycles - 40 PLN
  • Mopeds - 30 PLN
  • Custom Regular - 1000 PLN
  • Custom Motorcycles - 500 PLN
  • Classic Cars - 100 PLN
  • Temporary - 30 PLN

District indicators

Lower Silesian Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship ?ód? Voivodeship Lublin Voivodeship

DB - Wa?brzych (city county)
DBA - Wa?brzych County
DBL - Boles?awiec County
DDZ - Dzier?oniów County
DGL - G?ogów County
DGR - Góra County
DJ - Jelenia Góra (city county)
DJA - Jawor County
DJE - Jelenia Góra County
DKA - Kamienna Góra County
DKL - K?odzko County
DL - Legnica (city county)
DLB - Luba? County
DLE - Legnica County
DLU - Lubin County
DLW - Lwówek ?l?ski County
DMI - Milicz County
DOA - O?awa County
DOL - Ole?nica County
DPL - Polkowice County
DSR - ?roda ?l?ska County
DST - Strzelin County
DSW - ?widnica County
DTR - Trzebnica County
DW, DX - Wroc?aw (city county)
DWL - Wo?ów County
DWR - Wroc?aw County
DZA - Z?bkowice ?l?skie County
DZG - Zgorzelec County
DZL - Z?otoryja County

CAL - Aleksandrów Kujawski County
CB - Bydgoszcz (city county)
CBR - Brodnica County
CBY - Bydgoszcz County
CCH - Che?mno County
CG - Grudzi?dz (city county)
CGD - Golub-Dobrzy? County
CGR - Grudzi?dz County
CIN - Inowroc?aw County
CLI - Lipno County
CMG - Mogilno County
CNA - Nak?o County
CRA - Radziejów County
CRY - Rypin County
CSE - S?pólno County
CSW - ?wiecie County
CT - Toru? (city county)
CTR - Toru? County
CTU - Tuchola County
CW - W?oc?awek (city county)
CWA - W?brze?no County
CWL - W?oc?awek County
CZN - ?nin County

EBE - Be?chatów County
EBR - Brzeziny County
EKU - Kutno County
EL , ED - ?ód? (city county)
ELA - ?ask County
ELC - ?owicz County
ELE - czyca County
ELW - ?ód? East County
EOP - Opoczno County
EP - Piotrków Trybunalski (city county)
EPA - Pabianice County
EPD - Podd?bice County
EPI - Piotrków Trybunalski County
EPJ - Paj?czno County
ERA - Radomsko County
ERW - Rawa Mazowiecka County
ES - Skierniewice (city county))
ESI - Sieradz County
ESK - Skierniewice County
ETM - Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
EWE - Wieruszów County
EWI - Wielu? County
EZD - Zdu?ska Wola County
EZG - Zgierz County

LB - Bia?a Podlaska (city county)
LBI - Bia?a Podlaska County
LBL - Bi?goraj County
LC - Che?m (city county)
LCH - Che?m County
LHR - Hrubieszów County
LJA - Janów Lubelski County
LKR - Kra?nik County
LKS - Krasnystaw County
LLB - Lubartów County
LLE - czna County
LLU - ?uków County
LOP - Opole Lubelskie County
LPA - Parczew County
LPU - Pu?awy County
LRA - Radzy? Podlaski County
LRY - Ryki County
LSW - ?widnik County
LTM - Tomaszów Lubelski County
LU - Lublin (city county)
LUB - Lublin County
LWL - W?odawa County
LZ - Zamo (city county)
LZA - Zamo County

Lubusz Voivodeship Lesser Poland Voivodeship Masovian Voivodeship (incl. Warsaw) Opole Voivodeship

FG - Gorzów Wielkopolski (city county)
FGW - Gorzów Wielkopolski County
FKR - Krosno Odrza?skie County
FMI - Mi?dzyrzecz County
FNW - Nowa Sól County
FSD - Strzelce-Drezdenko County
FSL - S?ubice County
FSU - Sul?cin County
FSW - ?wiebodzin County
FWS - Wschowa County
FZ - Zielona Góra (city county)
FZA - ?ary County
FZG - ?aga? County
FZI - Zielona Góra County

KBC - Bochnia County
KBR - Brzesko County
KCH - Chrzanów County
KDA - D?browa Tarnowska County
KGR - Gorlice County
KLI - Limanowa County
KMI - Miechów County
KMY - My?lenice County
KN - Nowy S?cz (city county)
KNS - Nowy S?cz County
KNT - Nowy Targ County
KOL - Olkusz County
KOS - O?wi?cim County
KPR - Proszowice County
KR, KK - Kraków (city county)
KRA - Kraków County
KSU - Sucha Beskidzka County
KT - Tarnów (city county)
KTA - Tarnów County
KTT - Tatra County
KWA - Wadowice County
KWI - Wieliczka County

WA - Warsaw (Bia?oka district)
WB - Warsaw (Bemowo district)
WBR - Bia?obrzegi County
WCI - Ciechanów County
WD - Warsaw (Bielany district)
WE - Warsaw (Mokotów district)
WF - Warsaw (Praga-Po?udnie district)
WG - Garwolin County
WGM - Grodzisk Mazowiecki County
WGR - Grójec County
WGS - Gostynin County
WH - Warsaw (Praga-Pó?noc district)
WI - Warsaw (?ródmie?cie district)
WJ - Warsaw (Targówek district)
WK - Warsaw (Ursus district)
WKZ - Kozienice County
WL - Legionowo County
WLI - Lipsko County
WLS - ?osice County
WM - Mi?sk Mazowiecki County
WMA - Maków Mazowiecki County
WML - M?awa County
WN - Warsaw (Ursynów district)
WND - Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki County
WO - Ostroka (city county)
WOR - Ostrów Mazowiecka County
WOS - Ostroka County
WOT - Otwock County
WP - P?ock (city county)
WPI - Piaseczno County
WPL - P?ock County
WPN - P?o?sk County
WPR - Pruszków County
WPU - Pu?tusk County
WPY - Przysucha County
WPZ - Przasnysz County
WR - Radom (city county)
WRA - Radom County
WS - Siedlce (city county)
WSC - Sochaczew County
WSE - Sierpc County
WSI - Siedlce County
WSK - Soko?ów Podlaski County
WSZ - Szyd?owiec County
WT - Warsaw (Wawer district)
WU - Warsaw (Ochota district)
WW ****(last K, L, M, N, V, R, S) - Warsaw (W?ochy district)
WW ****(last F, G, H, J, W) - Warsaw (Wilanów district)
WW ****(last A, C, E, X, Y) - Warsaw (Rembertów district)
WWE - W?grów County
WWL, WV - Wo?omin County
WWY - Wyszków County
WX - Warsaw (?oliborz district)
WX ***Y# - Warsaw (Weso?a district)
WY - Warsaw (Wola district)
WZ - Warsaw West County
WZU - ?uromin County
WZW - Zwole? County
WZY - ?yrardów County

OB - Brzeg County
OGL - G?ubczyce County
OK - K?dzierzyn-Ko?le County
OKL - Kluczbork County
OKR - Krapkowice County
ONA - Namys?ów County
ONY - Nysa County
OOL - Olesno County
OP - Opole (city county)
OPO - Opole County
OPR - Prudnik County
OST - Strzelce Opolskie County

Podkarpackie Voivodeship Podlaskie Voivodeship Pomeranian Voivodeship Silesian Voivodeship

RBI - Bieszczady County
RBR - Brzozów County
RDE - D?bica County
RJA - Jaros?aw County
RJS - Jas?o County
RK - Krosno (city county)
RKL - Kolbuszowa County
RKR - Krosno County
RLA - ?a?cut County
RLE - Le?ajsk County
RLS - Lesko County
RLU - Lubaczów County
RMI - Mielec County
RNI - Nisko County
RP - Przemy?l (city county)
RPR - Przemy?l County
RPZ - Przeworsk County
RRS - Ropczyce-S?dziszów County
RSA - Sanok County
RSR - Strzy?ów County
RST - Stalowa Wola County
RT - Tarnobrzeg (city county)
RTA - Tarnobrzeg County
RZ - Rzeszów (city county)
RZE - Rzeszów County

BAU - Augustów County
BBI - Bielsk Podlaski County
BGR - Grajewo County
BHA - Hajnówka County
BI - Bia?ystok (city county)
BIA - Bia?ystok County
BKL - Kolno County
BL - ?om?a (city county)
BLM - ?om?a County
BMN - Monki County
BS - Suwa?ki (city county)
BSE - Sejny County
BSI - Siemiatycze County
BSK - Sokó?ka County
BSU - Suwa?ki County
BWM - Wysokie Mazowieckie County
BZA - Zambrów County

GA - Gdynia (city county)
GBY - Bytów County
GCH - Chojnice County
GCZ - Cz?uchów County
GD - Gda?sk (city county)
GDA - Gda?sk County
GKA - Kartuzy County
GKS - Ko?cierzyna County
GKW - Kwidzyn County
GLE - L?bork County
GMB - Malbork County
GND - Nowy Dwór Gda?ski County
GPU - Puck County
GS - S?upsk (city county)
GSL - S?upsk County
GSP - Sopot (city county)
GST - Starogard Gda?ski County
GSZ - Sztum County
GTC - Tczew County
GWE - Wejherowo County

SB - Bielsko-Bia?a (city county)
SBE - B?dzin County
SBI - Bielsko-Bia?a County
SBL - Bieru?-L?dziny County
SC - Cz?stochowa (city county)
SCI - Cieszyn County
SCZ - Cz?stochowa County
SD - D?browa Górnicza (city county)
SG - Gliwice (city county)
SGL - Gliwice County
SH - Chorzów (city county)
SI - Siemianowice ?l?skie (city county)
SJ - Jaworzno (city county)
SJZ - Jastrz?bie-Zdrój (city county)
SK - Katowice (city county)
SKL - K?obuck County
SL - Ruda ?l?ska (city county)
SLU - Lubliniec County
SM - Mys?owice (city county)
SMI - Miko?ów County
SMY - Myszków County
SO - Sosnowiec (city county)
SPI - Piekary ?l?skie (city county)
SPS - Pszczyna County
SR - Rybnik (city county)
SRB - Rybnik County
SRC - Racibórz County
SRS - Ruda ?l?ska (city county)
ST - Tychy (city county)
STA - Tarnowskie Góry County
STY - Tychy County
SW - ?wi?toch?owice (city county)
SWD - Wodzis?aw ?l?ski County
SY - Bytom (city county)
SZ - Zabrze (city county))
SZA - Zawiercie County
SZO - ?ory (city county)
SZY - ?ywiec County

?wi?tokrzyskie County Warmia-Masuria County Greater Poland County West Pomerania County

TBU - Busko-Zdrój County
TJE - J?drzejów County
TK - Kielce (city county)
TKA - Kazimierza Wielka County
TKI - Kielce County
TKN - Ko?skie County
TLW - W?oszczowa County
TOP - Opatów County
TOS - Ostrowiec ?wi?tokrzyski County
TPI - Pi?czów County
TSA - Sandomierz County
TSK - Skar?ysko-Kamienna County
TST - Starachowice County
TSZ - Staszów County

NBA - Bartoszyce County
NBR - Braniewo County
NDZ - Dzia?dowo County
NE - Elbl?g (city county)
NEB - Elbl?g County
NEL - E?k County
NGI - Gi?ycko County
NGO - Go?dap County
NIL - I?awa County
NKE - K?trzyn County
NLI - Lidzbark Warmi?ski County
NMR - Mr?gowo County
NNI - Nidzica County
NNM - Nowe Miasto Lubawskie County
NO - Olsztyn (city county)
NOE - Olecko County
NOG - former Olecko-Go?dap County (Powiat olecko-go?dapski [pl]) divided into Olecko County (NOE) and Go?dap County (NGO) in 2002
NOL - Olsztyn County
NOS - Ostróda County
NPI - Pisz County
NSZ - Szczytno County
NWE - W?gorzewo County

PCH - Chodzie? County
PCT - Czarnków-Trzcianka County
PGN - Gniezno County
PGO - Grodzisk Wielkopolski County
PGS - Gosty? County
PJA - Jarocin County
PK - Kalisz (city county)
PKA - Kalisz County
PKE - K?pno County
PKL - Ko?o County
PKN - Konin County
PKO, PN - Konin (city county)
PKR - Krotoszyn County
PKS - Ko?cian County
PL - Leszno (city county)
PLE - Leszno County
PMI - Mi?dzychód County
PNT - Nowy Tomy?l County
PO, PY - Pozna? (city county)
POB - Oborniki County
POS - Ostrów Wielkopolski County
POT - Ostrzeszów County
POZ, PZ - Pozna? County
PP - Pi?a County
PPL - Pleszew County
PRA - Rawicz County
PSE - ?rem County
PSL - S?upca County
PSR - ?roda Wielkopolska County
PSZ - Szamotu?y County
PTU - Turek County
PWA - W?growiec County
PWL - Wolsztyn County
PWR - Wrze?nia County
PZ - Pozna? County
PZL - Z?otów County

ZBI - Bia?ogard County
ZCH - Choszczno County
ZDR - Drawsko Pomorskie County
ZGL - Goleniów County
ZGR - Gryfino County
ZGY - Gryfice County
ZK - Koszalin (city county)
ZKA - Kamie? Pomorski County
ZKL - Ko?obrzeg County
ZKO - Koszalin County
ZLO - ?obez County
ZMY - My?libórz County
ZPL - Police County
ZPY - Pyrzyce County
ZS - Szczecin (city county)
ZSD - ?widwin County
ZSL - S?awno County
ZST - Stargard Szczeci?ski County
ZSW - ?winouj?cie (city county)
ZSZ - Szczecinek County
ZWA - Wa?cz County

Letters on Polish license plates according to districts County


Polski Fiat 508 with 1922-1937 numbers (Kielce voivodeship)
Polski Fiat 508/518 with 1937 military plates


From July 1922 Polish car number plates had two letters denoting voivodeship (being an abbreviation of its name), or single letter W denoting capital city of Warsaw, and up to five digits. Except for letter identifier, each voivodeship had own range of numbers (except for autonomic Silesian Voivodeship, which used ?L identifier and own numbers from 1). Plates were white, with red letters and black digits, separated with red dash.

There were also temporary plates with PR letters and presidential plates with WZK letters (for President of Poland chancellery). Military plates had only four white digits on black background.


From 1937 there was a new different system of registration numbers introduced, with white letters on black plates. There was one letter denoting vehicle type, two-digit number denoting voivodeship, and three-digit individual number after a dash. Letters A, B, C, D, E, H, K, L, X, Y, Z were used for cars, trucks and buses, T for taxicabs, M, N, P, R, S, U for motorcycles and W for military vehicles. A range of numbers 00 to 19 meant capital city of Warsaw, 20 to 24 - Bia?ostok Voivodeship, and so on, in alphabetical order, up to 95 to 99 for Wo?y?skie Voivodeship.

During World War II there were plates introduced by occupants.


From 1946 Polish car number plates had 1 letter + 5 numbers.[]


Wz. 1958 vehicle license plate issued in Bydgoszcz Voivodeship.jpg

From June 19, 1956 Polish car number plates had 2 letters and 4 digits, and after May 13, 1964 letters could stand after digits.[]

Individual elements meant:

  • first letter - code of voivodeship,
  • second letter - code of powiat,
  • digits - code of vehicle.

Codes of voivodeships:

  • A - Bia?ystok Voivodeship
  • B - Bydgoszcz Voivodeship
  • C - Kielce Voivodeship
  • E - Koszalin Voivodeship
  • F - ?od? Voivodeship
  • G - Gda?sk Voivodeship
  • H - Opole Voivodeship
  • I - city of ?ód?
  • K - Cracow Voivodeship
  • L - Lublin Voivodeship
  • M - Szczecin Voivodeship
  • O - Olsztyn Voivodeship
  • P - Pozna? Voivodeship
  • R - Rzeszów Voivodeship
  • S - Katowice Voivodeship
  • T - Warsaw Voivodeship
  • W - capital city of Warsaw
  • X - Wroc?aw Voivodeship
  • Z - Zielona Góra Voivodeship

Codes of special forces:

  • Y - Citizen's Militia
  • D - army (cars)
  • U - army (other vehicles)
  • N - Border Guard


Polish license plate 1976-2000 (front).jpg
Polish license plate 1976-2000.jpg

Plates from the 1976-2000 series are still valid. They have white letters on black background. The coding used was three letters and four digits (XYZ 1234) or three letters, three digits and one letter (XYZ 123A), although at the beginning the configuration with a letter in the end was used for public cars only.

The following coding was used for the 49 regions of the country:

First letters on series 1976-2000 indicate area

The following codes were used for special forces:

  • Militia/Police: MO
  • Military: U
  • Border Guard: HW
  • "Nadwislanskie" Troops of the Interior Ministry: HN
  • Foreigner plates (in green background): I
  • Test plates (in red background): X

Special plates:

  • Diplomatic: XY 12 345, The first two numbers are denoting the region of ambassador (e.g. 02 - Germany) and blue background.
  • Temporary: X 12 34 56, with yellow font.


Since the year 2000 Polish car plates have black letters pressed onto white reflective blanks with an EU stripe and country code. The switch was made to conform with other EU countries and to increase visibility. The licence plates issued until May 1, 2006 bear a Polish national flag. Plates issued after that date have the 12 EU stars instead of the flag.[dubious ]

See also

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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