Paul Wilkins Kendall
|Born||July 17, 1898|
Baldwin City, Kansas, United States
|Died||October 3, 1983 (aged 85)|
Palo Alto, California, United States
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1918-1955|
|Commands held||88th Infantry Division|
2nd Infantry Division
Allied Land Forces Southeastern Europe
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross|
Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (3)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star (2)
Kendall was born on July 17, 1898, in Baldwin City, Kansas, and raised in Sheridan, Wyoming. In 1916, during World War I (although the American entry into World War I did not occur until April 1917), he obtained an appointment to the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, from which he graduated in November 1918, receiving his commission as a second lieutenant into the Infantry Branch of the United States Army. By the time he graduated, the war had come to an end with the signing of the Armistice.
After completing his training, he was assigned to the 27th Infantry Regiment during the Siberian Campaign. Kendall participated in an action on January 10, 1920, for which he received the Distinguished Service Cross.
Kendall carried out a variety of assignments in the 1920s and '30s, including a posting to Fort Logan, Colorado with the 38th Infantry Regiment in 1923 and served as an Instructor in the Department of English and History at the United States Military Academy from 1925 to 1930 and later at Northwestern Military and Naval Academy. Kendall also performed duty in China, Hawaii and the Philippines.
At the start of World War II, Kendall was assigned as Chief of Staff of the 85th Infantry Division. He then served as Assistant Division Commander of the 84th Infantry Division, receiving a promotion to brigadier general.
From September 1944 to July 1945, Kendall was commander of the "Blue Devils" of the 88th Infantry Division and was promoted to major general. The division's second World War II commander, he led it during its assault through Italy, including the capture of Vicenza and Verona.
From June 1946 to May 1948, Kendall was commander of the 2nd Infantry Division. In 1951, Kendall was assigned to occupation duty in Austria as commander of the American Zone. He was in that position until 1952, then he returned to the United States for a short assignment as commander of VI Corps at Camp Atterbury, Indiana.
In June 1952, Kendall became commander of I Corps, receiving promotion to lieutenant general. He led the corps as it manned a defensive line until the end of 1952. In January 1953, the corps took part in an offensive with troops of the 1st Republic of Korea (ROK) Division, attacking the enemy at Big Nori. Beginning in March, the North Koreans and Chinese continually attacked I Corps positions, and I Corps began a phased withdrawal that resulted in numerous enemy casualties. Kendall turned command of I Corps over to Bruce C. Clarke in April 1953.
General Kendall was married to Ruth Child Pistole (November 10, 1900 - January 29, 1985). They had two daughters, Jean and Elizabeth. Jean was the wife of Navy officer Neal D. Baumgardner and Elizabeth was the wife of Army officer Raymond O. Miller.
The official U.S. Army citation for Kendall's Distinguished Service Cross reads:
Here is his ribbon bar:
|1st Row||Distinguished Service Cross||Army Distinguished Service Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster|
|2nd Row||Silver Star w/ two Oak Leaf Clusters||Legion of Merit||Bronze Star Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster||Purple Heart|
|3rd Row||World War I Victory Medal w/ Siberia Clasp||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal|
|4th Row||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal w/ one silver and two bronze service stars||World War II Victory Medal||Army of Occupation Medal||National Defense Service Medal|
|5th Row||Korean Service Medal||Commander of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom)||Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)||French Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with Palm|
|6th Row||French Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with Palm||Commander of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)||Czechoslovak War Cross 1918||United Nations Korea Medal|