Pantaleon (Greek: ) was a Greek king who reigned some time between 190-180 BC in Bactria and India. He was a younger contemporary or successor of the Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius, and is sometimes believed to have been his brother and/or subking.
The scarcity of his coinage indicates a short reign. Known evidence suggests that he was replaced by his (probable) brother or son Agathocles, by whom he was commemorated on a "pedigree" coin.
Some of his coins (as well as those of Agathocles and Euthydemus II) have another surprising characteristic: they are made of copper-nickel alloy, a technology that would not be developed in the West until the 18th century, but was known by the Chinese at the time. This suggests that exchanges of the metallic alloy or technicians happened between China and the region of Bactria.
He was the first Greek king to strike Indian coins, peculiar irregular bronzes representing a lion with a dancing Indian woman, probably the goddess Lakshmi (a type also known in the Post-Mauryan coinage of Gandhara), which suggests he had his base in Arachosia and Gandhara and wanted support from the native population.
Dancing woman, possibly Lakshmi, on a coin of Pantaleon.
|Greco-Bactrian kings||Indo-Greek kings|
|West Bactria||East Bactria||Paropamisade
||Arachosia||Gandhara||Western Punjab||Eastern Punjab||Mathura|
|326-325 BCE||Campaigns of Alexander the Great in India||Nanda Empire|
|312 BCE||Creation of the Seleucid Empire||Creation of the Maurya Empire|
|305 BCE||Seleucid Empire after Mauryan war||Maurya Empire|
|280 BCE||Foundation of Ai-Khanoum|
|255-239 BCE||Independence of the
|Emperor Ashoka (268-232)|
|239-223 BCE||Diodotus II|
|230-200 BCE||Euthydemus I|
|200-190 BCE||Demetrius I||Sunga Empire|
|190-185 BCE||Euthydemus II|
|185-170 BCE||Antimachus I|
|180-160 BCE||Apollodotus I|
|175-170 BCE||Demetrius II|
|160-155 BCE||Antimachus II|
|170-145 BCE||Eucratides I|
|155-130 BCE||Yuezhi occupation,
loss of Ai-Khanoum
|130-120 BCE||Yuezhi occupation||Zoilos I||Agathokleia||Yavanarajya|
|120-110 BCE||Lysias||Strato I|
|110-100 BCE||Antialcidas||Heliokles II|
|100 BCE||Polyxenos||Demetrius III|
|90-85 BCE||Nicias||Menander II||Artemidoros|
|Yuezhi occupation||Maues (Indo-Scythian)|
|75-70 BCE||Vonones||Telephos||Apollodotus II|
|55-35 BCE||Azes I (Indo-Scythians)||Zoilos II|
|55-35 BCE||Vijayamitra/ Azilises||Apollophanes|
|25 BCE - 10 CE||Gondophares||Zeionises||Kharahostes||Strato II
|Gondophares (Indo-Parthian)||Rajuvula (Indo-Scythian)|
|Kujula Kadphises (Kushan Empire)||Bhadayasa