Pa'O Language
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Pa'O Language

, Pa'O Karen
Native toMyanmar
EthnicityPa'O people
Native speakers
1,500,000 (2014)[1]
Burmese script (Pa'O alphabet)
Karen Braille
Language codes

Pa'O (also spelled Pa-O and Pa'O language?, Pa-oh, ; Burmese: ?), sometimes called Taungthu, is a Karen language spoken by 1 million and half Pa'O people in Myanmar. Pa'O are also be called black Karen, because of their traditional black clothes.

The language is primarily written using a system of phonetics devised by Christian missionaries,[2][3] and many of the materials now available for it on the internet derive from Christian missionary involvement, although most of the Pa'O are generally reported to be Buddhists (without real statistics, etc.).

The language is also referred to by the exonyms "Black Karen" and "White Karen", both of which are terms used in contrast to "Red Karen" (Karenni), also of Myanmar.

Dialects include Taunggyi and Kokareit.[4]


  1. ^ Pa'O at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Pa-oh ? - Word List". Language Documentation Training Center. 3 October 2015. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Pa-oh ? - Writing System". Language Documentation Training Center. 9 October 2015. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Shintani, Tadahiko. 2020. The Pao language: its Taunggyi and Kokareit dialects. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 131. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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