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PERF 558 is the oldest surviving Arabic papyrus, found in Heracleopolis in Egypt, and is also the oldest dated Arabic text using the Islamic era. It is a bilingual Arabic-Greek fragment, consisting of a tax receipt, or as it puts it "Document concerning the delivery of sheep to the Magarites and other people who arrived, as a down-payment of the taxes of the first indiction."
Features of interest include:
After excavation, the papyrus was put in the Erzherzog Rainer Papyrus Collection in Vienna.
Dots and hamzas added; otherwise, spelling uncorrected.
- ? ? ? ? ?
- In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. This is what ?Abdilah,
- Son of Jabir, and his companions-in-arms, have taken as of slaughter sheep at Heracleopolis (Ihnas)
- from a representative of Theodorakios (Tidraq), second son of Apa Kyros (Abu Qir), and from a substitute of Christophoros (Istufur), eldest son of Apa Kyros (Abu Qir), fifty sheep
- as of slaughter and fifteen other sheep. He gave them for slaughter for the crew of his vessels, as well as his cavalry and his breastplated infantry in
- the month of Jumada I in the year twenty-two. Written by Ibn Hadidu.