|o Municipal President||Miguel Romero Retana (AFV), 2008-10|
|Elevation||1,280 m (4,200 ft)|
It is situated at , at an altitude of 1280 m. In the 2005 INEGI Census, the city reported a total population of 21113.
The name "Nogales" is the Spanish for walnut trees.
This part of the future state of Veracruz was brought under Aztec sway in or around 1450 under Emperor Moctezuma Ilhuicamina. Following the Spanish conquest of Mexico, the area was awarded to the conquistador Ojeda el Tuerto. Ojeda introduced sugar cane into the area, and the San Juan Bautista Nogales sugar mill - one of the earliest, if not the very first on the American continent - was later established there.
On 27 October 1812, during the War of Independence, the sugar mill was taken by surprise by General José María Morelos, who used it as a staging post for his attack on the royalist forces in Orizaba the next day.
On 7 January 1907, in the years of tension leading up to the Mexican Revolution, Nogales textile workers protesting their treatment by French textile-mill owners were massacred by the federal troops of President Porfirio Díaz.
In 1910, Nogales was awarded the status of a town (villa) and, in 1971, city status (ciudad).