National Operations Council
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National Operations Council

The National Operations Council governed the country in lieu of the elected government.

The National Operations Council (NOC) or Majlis Gerakan Negara (MAGERAN) was an emergency administrative body which attempted to restore law and order in Malaysia after the 13 May Incident in 1969, in the wake of the racial rioting which broke out in the federal capital of Kuala Lumpur.

The NOC was announced on 15 May 1969, with Tun Razak as Director of Operations, although the other council members were not announced until 17 May.[1] From 1969 to 1971, the NOC governed the country in lieu of the elected government. In 1971, the NOC was dissolved with the restoration of Parliament.

Members of the Council

The Director of Operations of NOC was Tun Razak.[2] The Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman was not formally a member, but was consulted on major decisions for approval.[3]

Councils Members

  • Minister of Home Affairs -- Tun Dr. Ismail
  • Minister of Finance -- Tun Tan Siew Sin
  • Minister of Works, Post & Telecoms -- Tun Sambanthan
  • Minister of Information & Broadcasting -- Enche Hamzah bin Dato' Abu Samah
  • Director-General of Public Services Department and later Chief Secretary to the Government - Tan Sri Abdul Kadir Shamsuddin
  • Chief of Armed Forces Staff -- Tunku Osman Jiwa
  • Inspector-General of Police -- Tan Sri Mohamed Salleh bin Ismael
  • Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs -- Tan Sri Muhammad Ghazali Shafie

The Chief Executive Officer


  • Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Defence -- Enche Abdul Rahman Hamidon
  • Ministry of Defence -- Lt. Col. Ghazali bin Che Mat
  • Royal Malaysia Police -- Superintendent Mohammed Hanif Omar
  • Attorney-General's Office - Enche Yusoff bin Abdul Rashid


  1. ^ John Slimming (1969). The Death of a Democracy. John Murray Publishers Ltd. p. 43. ISBN 978-0719520457.
  2. ^ John Slimming (1969). The Death of a Democracy. John Murray Publishers Ltd. p. 82. ISBN 978-0719520457. Appendix B
  3. ^ Karl Von Vorys (1975). Democracy Without Consensus: Communalism and Political Stability in Malaysia. Princeton University Press. p. 345. ISBN 9781400871612.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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