Národní galerie Praha
|Public transit access||Tram stop: Veletr?ní palác|
The National Gallery Prague (Czech: Národní galerie Praha, NGP), formerly the National Gallery in Prague (Národní galerie v Praze), is a state-owned art gallery in Prague, which manages the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic and presents masterpieces of Czech and international fine art in permanent and temporary exhibitions. The collections of the gallery are not housed in a single building, but are presented in a number of historic structures within the city of Prague, as well as other places. The largest of the gallery sites is the Trade Fair Palace (Veletr?ní Palác), which houses the National Gallery's collection of modern art. Other important exhibition spaces are located in the Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia, the Kinský Palace, the Salm Palace, the Schwarzenberg Palace, the Sternberg Palace, and the Wallenstein Riding School. Founded in 1796, it is one of the world's oldest public art galleries and one of the largest museums in Central Europe.
The history of the National Gallery dates back to the end of the 18th century (namely February 5, 1796), when a group of prominent representatives of Bohemian patriotic aristocracy (Kolowrat, Sternberg, Nostitz) and middle-class intellectuals decided to elevate what they called the "debased artistic taste" of the local population. The institution, which received the title Society of Patriotic Friends of the Arts, established the Academy of Fine Arts and the Picture Gallery. In 1918 the Picture Gallery became a central collection of newly formed Czechoslovakia.
In 1995 new spaces dedicated to 19th- and 20th-century art were opened in the refurbished Veletr?ní Palác (Trade Fair Palace), itself a national monument as Prague's largest functionalist building and one of the earliest examples of that architectural style in the city (construction began in 1925).
St George's Convent (Hrad?any) was formerly used to display Art of the Middle Ages in Bohemia and Central Europe, baroque art, and the 19th-century art of Bohemia.
Madonna of Zbraslav, 1340-1350
T?ebo? Altarpiece, 1380-1390
Adam and Eve, Lucas Cranach the Elder, ca. 1538
Epitaph of Goldsmith Nicolas Müller of Prague, Bartholomaeus Spranger, 1592-1593
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, Peter Paul Rubens, 1620
Scholar at his Study, Rembrandt van Rijn, 1634
Simeon with Infant Jesus, Petr Brandl, 1725
Josephine, Josef Mánes, 1855
Lovers, Auguste Renoir, 1875
Self-portrait, Henri Rousseau, 1890
Murder in the House, Jakub Schikaneder, 1890
Evening Street, Jakub Schikaneder, 1906
Franti?ek Kupka, Fugue in Two Colors, 1912
Souvenir of Le Havre, Pablo Picasso, 1912
Saint Sebastian, Bohumil Kubi?ta, 1912
African King, Josef ?apek, 1920