Mugello Circuit
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Mugello Circuit

Autodromo del Mugello
Mugello Racing Circuit track map 15 turns.svg
LocationScarperia e San Piero, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
CEST (DST)
Coordinates43°59?51?N 11°22?19?E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194Coordinates: 43°59?51?N 11°22?19?E / 43.99750°N 11.37194°E / 43.99750; 11.37194
Capacity50,000
FIA Grade1
OwnerFerrari (1988-present)
Broke ground1973
Opened23 June 1974; 48 years ago (1974-06-23)
Major eventsCurrent:
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Italian motorcycle Grand Prix (1976, 1978, 1985, 1992, 1994-2019, 2021-present)
San Marino motorcycle Grand Prix (1982, 1984, 1991, 1993)
FREC (2019-present)
MotoE (2022-present)
24H Series
Hankook 12H Mugello (2014-2017, 2019-present)
Ferrari Challenge Finali Mondiali (2013, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2021, 2023)
BOSS GP (2014, 2020-present)
Former:
Formula One
Tuscan Grand Prix (2020)
World SBK (1991-1992, 1994)
FIM EWC (1978, 1982, 1991, 1995-1996)
Sidecar World Championship
(1975-1976, 1981, 1983-1984)
Euroformula Open (2020)
DTM (2007-2008)
World Sportscar Championship (1965-1967, 1975-1982, 1985)
FIA GT (1997, 2006)
Grand Prix Circuit (1974-present)
SurfaceAsphalt
Length5.245 km (3.259 miles)
Turns15
Race lap record1:18.833 (United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes W11, 2020, F1)
Road Course (1964-1970)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length66.2 km (41.3 miles)
Turns400+
Race lap record29:36.800 (Italy Nanni Galli, Lola T210, 1970, Group 6)
Road Course (1955)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length19.0 km (12.0 miles)
Race lap record10:41.000 (Italy Giulio Cabianca
Italy Umberto Maglioli, OSCA MT4
Ferrari 750 Monza, 1955, Sports car racing)
Road Course (1928-1929)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length61.895 km (38.460 miles)
Race lap record49:58.800 (Italy Giuseppe Campari, Alfa Romeo P2, 1928, GP)
Road Course (1925)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length18.17 km (11.29 miles)
Race lap record14:13.600 (Italy Emilio Materassi
Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri, Itala Special 4.7
Alfa Romeo P2, 1925, GP)
Road Course (1920-1924)
SurfaceAsphalt/Concrete
Length64.591 km (40.135 miles)
Race lap record53:15.800 (Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri, Steyr Type VI, 1924, GP)
Websitewww.mugellocircuit.it

Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Florence, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight.[1] The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.

Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari since 1988, which uses it for Formula One testing.[2]

The first race of the A1GP 2008-09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.[3]

The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[4] This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.

History

Road race (1920-1970)

The start-finish line of historic road circuit (1955).

Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. The start was in the village of Scarperia, less than half a kilometer from the current permanent circuit. The circuit went north up the SP503, twisting and turning through mountains through multiple villages, up to the town of Firenzuola. The circuit then went west from Firenzuola, continuing on the SP503 towards the village of Pagliana. The circuit then made a left on the SR65, heading south through the villages of Covigliaio, Selva and Traversa, where the circuit got a bit faster. The circuit then went past a German military cemetery (from 1946 onwards) and entered the famous Futa Pass, which was used for the prestigious Mille Miglia. After this twisty section, the course stayed on the SR65 and went down multiple short straights and fast curves before getting to the villages of Le Maschere and Colle Barucci. The circuit then crossed a bridge going over a narrow section of the Bilancino Lake, going through an ultra fast left hand curve and 2 long straights before turning left onto the SP129, heading towards the town of San Piero a Sieve. The circuit then went north back onto the SP503, heading back to Scarperia to end the lap.

Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km (41.1 mi) each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Violla, Firenzuola, Selva, San Lucia. It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won[5] by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1-2-3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.

The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66.2 km (41.1 mi) Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when Spartaco Dini [de] crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people in Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.

Permanent circuit (1974-present)

The main straight of permanent circuit (2011).

The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km (3.1 mi) east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit.

The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test.[6] The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction".[7] Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said "unfortunately we don't have this track on the calendar. It's an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners".[8] Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".[9]

On 10 July 2020, it was announced that the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix on the circuit would be the ninth race in the 2020 Formula One calendar, marking the 1000th Grand Prix for Ferrari.[10]

At the 2021 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix, Moto3 rider Jason Dupasquier was killed in an accident. The 19 year old Swiss rider fell at Arrabbiata 2 on his final qualifying lap and was struck by the bikes of Jeremy Alcoba and Ayumu Sasaki. The latter two riders escaped without injury, but Dupasquier was immediately airlifted to Careggi hospital in Florence, with his condition described as "very serious". He would undergo emergency thoracic surgery that evening, but died of his injuries the following day.

Mugello has the 3-star FIA Environmental Accreditation, and the ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 45001, ISO 20121 and Eco-Management and Audit Scheme certifications. It was ranked the most sustainable racetrack in the world in a 2021 report.[11]

Winners of the Mugello Grand Prix

The winners of the Mugello Grand Prix for cars (1919-1967: Circuito del Mugello, 1968-2000: Gran Premio del Mugello) are:[12][13][14][15][16][17]

Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)

Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)

Note: The 1926 race was held on the Cascine circuit.[18][19]

Multiple winners

MotoGP

# Wins Rider Wins
Category Years won
7 Italy Valentino Rossi MotoGP 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
6 Spain Jorge Lorenzo MotoGP 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2018
5 Australia Mick Doohan 500cc 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998

Lap records

The official lap record for the current circuit layout is 1:18.833, set by Lewis Hamilton in the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix. The unofficial all-time track record is 1:15.144; also set by Lewis Hamilton during final qualifying for the aforementioned race. The official race lap records at the Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello are listed as:

Category Time Driver Car/Bike Event
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.245 km (1974-present)
F1 1:18.833[20] United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix
EuroBOSS 1:32.383[21] Latvia Haralds Slegelmilhs Dallara T12 Gibson 4.5 V8 2022 Mugello BOSS GP round
FIA F2 1:33.295 United Kingdom Dan Ticktum Dallara F2 2018 2020 Mugello Formula 2 round
Auto GP 1:35.075[22] Italy Kevin Giovesi Lola B05/52 2013 Mugello Auto GP round
FIA F3 1:37.127 Germany Lirim Zendeli Dallara F3 2019 2020 Mugello Formula 3 round
Euroformula Open 1:38.334[23] Austria Lukas Dunner Dallara 320 2020 Mugello Euroformula Open round
F3000 1:38.367[20] Italy Alessandro Zanardi Reynard 91D 1991 Mugello Grand Prix
Group C 1:40.174[24] Netherlands Charles Zwolsman Lola T92/10 1992 Mugello Interserie round
Formula 3 1:41.442[25] Italy Kevin Giovesi Dallara F308 2011 Mugello Italian F3 round
Formula Regional 1:42.535[26] Brazil Gianluca Petecof Tatuus F.3 T-318 2020 Mugello FREC round
Formula Two 1:43.920[27] New Zealand Mike Thackwell Ralt RH6/84 1984 Mugello Grand Prix
Group C2 1:44.347[28] Italy Ranieri Randaccio Spice SE90C 1993 Mugello Interserie round
GT1 (Prototype) 1:45.013[20][29] Germany Bernd Schneider Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR 1997 FIA GT Mugello 4 Hours
DTM 1:45.273[30] United Kingdom Jamie Green AMG-Mercedes C-Klasse 2008 2008 Mugello DTM round
LMP3 1:45.598[31] United Kingdom Johnny Mowlem Norma M30 2019 Mugello Ultimate Cup round
Formula Renault 2.0 1:45.718[32] Italy Antonio Fuoco Tatuus FR2.0/13 2013 Mugello Formula Renault 2.0 Alps round
MotoGP 1:46.588 Italy Francesco Bagnaia Ducati Desmosedici GP22 2022 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
GT3 1:47.017[33] Italy Riccardo Agostini Lamborghini Huracán GT3 2017 2nd Mugello Italian GT round
Formula 4 1:47.236[34] United States Juan Manuel Correa Tatuus F4-T014 2016 Mugello Italian F4 round
Group 6 sports car 1:47.880[35] Italy Teo Fabi Lancia LC1 1982 1000 km of Mugello
GT1 (GTS) 1:49.112[36] Czech Republic Jaroslav Jani? Saleen S7-R 2006 FIA GT Mugello 500km
GT2 1:49.155[37] Italy Giacomo Barri Ferrari F430 GTC 2011 Mugello GTSprint round
Class 1 Touring Cars 1:49.800[38] Germany Bernd Schneider AMG-Mercedes Benz C-Klasse 1996 Mugello ITC round
Ferrari Challenge 1:50.223[39] Finland Luka Nurmi Ferrari 488 Challenge Evo 2021 Mugello Ferrari Challenge Europe round
Superbikes 1:50.326[40] Italy Michele Pirro Ducati Panigale V4 R 2019 1st Mugello CIV Superbike round
Porsche Carrera Cup 1:51.170[41] Italy Aldo Festante Porsche 911 (991 II) GT3 Cup 2021 Mugello Porsche Carrera Cup Italia round
Moto2 1:51.208[42] United Kingdom Sam Lowes Kalex Moto2 2021 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Sports 2000 1:52.630[43] France Gérard Larrousse Alpine A441 1974 Mugello Grand Prix
500cc 1:53.342 Australia Mick Doohan Honda NSR500 1998 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Supersport 1:53.564[44] Germany Philipp Öttl Kawasaki Ninja ZX-6R 2021 1st Mugello CIV Supersport round
250cc 1:53.669 Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia RSV 250 2008 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Group 5 1:53.800[45] Italy Riccardo Patrese Lancia Beta Monte Carlo 1980 6 Hours of Mugello
GT2 (GT1) 1:54.563[29] France Philippe Gache Chrysler Viper GTS-R 1997 FIA GT Mugello 4 Hours
Super Touring 1:55.261[46] Italy Fabrizio Giovanardi Alfa Romeo 156 D2 1999 Mugello Italian Superturismo round
World SBK 1:56.305[47] United States Scott Russell Kawasaki ZXR-750 1994 Mugello World SBK round
Group A 1:56.399[48] Italy Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 155 GTA 1992 Mugello Italian Superturismo round
Moto3 1:56.628[20] Italy Fabio Di Giannantonio Honda NSF250RW 2018 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
TCR Touring Car 1:57.382[49] Italy Marco Iannotta Honda Civic Type R TCR (FK8) 2021 Mugello TCR Italy round
125cc 1:57.783 France Johann Zarco Derbi RSA 125 2011 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
GT4 1:58.811[50] Austria Michael Fischer BMW M4 GT4 2019 12 Hours of Mugello
GT1 1:58.931[51] Italy Luca Sartori Ferrari F40 1994 Mugello Italian GT round
MotoE 1:58.939[52] Switzerland Dominique Aegerter Energica Ego Corsa 2022 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix
Supersport 2:05.044[53] Italy Matteo Vannucci Yamaha YZF-R3 2021 2nd Mugello CIV Supersport 300 round
350cc 2:07.600 Australia Gregg Hansford Kawasaki KR350 1978 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Group 2 2:07.800[54] Austria Dieter Quester BMW 3.0 CSL 1977 Mugello ETCC round
Formula 5000 2:11.400[55] United Kingdom David Hobbs Lola T330 1974 Mugello F5000 round
Sidecar (B2A) 2:14.700 Switzerland Rolf Biland Beo-Yamaha 1978 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
50cc 2:28.000 Switzerland Stefan Dörflinger Kreidler 50 GP 1978 Nations motorcycle Grand Prix
Road Course: 66.200 km (1964-1970)[56]
Group 6 29:36.800[57] Italy Nanni Galli Lola T210 1970 Mugello Grand Prix
Group 4 31:02.700[58] Italy Arturo Merzario Abarth 2000 SP 1969 Mugello Grand Prix
Group 3 35:53.100[59] Italy Antonio Nicodemi Ferrari 250 LM 1965 Mugello Grand Prix
Road Course: 19.000 km (1955)[56]
Sports car racing 10:41.000[60] Italy Giulio Cabianca[a]
Italy Umberto Maglioli[a]
OSCA MT4
Ferrari 750 Monza
1955 Mugello Grand Prix
Road Course: 61.895 km (1928-1929)[56]
Grand Prix 49:58.800[61] Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo P2 1928 Mugello Grand Prix
Road Course: 18.169 km (1925)[56]
Grand Prix 14:13.600[62] Italy Emilio Materassi[b]
Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri[b]
Itala Special 4.7
Alfa Romeo P2
1925 Mugello Grand Prix
Road Course: 64.591 km (1920-1924)[56]
Grand Prix 53:15.800[63] Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Steyr Type VI 1924 Mugello Grand Prix

Events

Current
Former

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Both drivers took the same lap time independently.
  2. ^ a b Both drivers took the same lap time independently.

References

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  3. ^ "A1GP delays start of Season Four". A1GP. 21 August 2008. Archived from the original on 2 September 2008. Retrieved 2009.
  4. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Formula 1. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "World Championship 1967". World Sportscar Championship. 11 August 2000. Archived from the original on 21 February 2005.
  6. ^ "Mugello day three - Grosjean ends test on a high". Formula 1. 3 May 2012. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012.
  7. ^ Mark Webber [@AussieGrit] (1 May 2012). "Did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction.#realtracks #fast" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  8. ^ Allen, James (2 May 2012). "Mugello test day 2: Lotus and Sauber share spoils as teams make up for lost time". James Allen on F1. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 2012.
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External links


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