Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport
|Owner/Operator||Metropolitan Airports Commission|
|Serves||Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota (Twin Cities)|
|Location||Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, U.S.|
|Elevation AMSL||841 ft / 256 m|
FAA airport diagram
Source: Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport
Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP, FAA LID: MSP), also less commonly known as Wold-Chamberlain Field, is a joint civil-military public use international airport. It is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory, Minnesota, United States. Centrally located within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of both downtown Minneapolis and downtown Saint Paul, MSP is the largest and busiest airport in the Upper Midwest region of Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
A joint civil-military airport, MSP is home to the Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station, supporting both Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard flight operations. The airport is located in Fort Snelling Unorganized Territory. Small sections of the airport border the city limits of Minneapolis and Richfield. However, Minnesota state law states, the land the airport sits on is not part of any city or school district. MSP covers 2,930 acres (1,186 ha) of land. The airport generates an estimated $15.9 billion a year for the Twin Cities' economy and supports 87,000 workers.
MSP is a major hub for Delta Air Lines. It also serves as the home airport for Minnesota-based Sun Country Airlines. Delta Air Lines and its regional affiliates account for about 70% of the airport's passenger traffic. The airport is operated by the Metropolitan Airports Commission, which also handles the operation of six smaller airports in the region.
What is now known as Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport started in 1919 as Speedway Field when several local groups came together to take control of the former bankrupt Twin City Speedway race track. The first hangar was a wooden structure, constructed in 1920 for airmail services. The Minneapolis Park Board took possession of Wold-Champerlain on June 1, 1928, and in 1929, passenger services began.  In 1923, the airport was renamed "Wold-Chamberlain Field" for the World War I pilots Ernest Groves Wold and Cyrus Foss Chamberlain. In 1944 the site was renamed to "Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Airport/Wold-Chamberlain Field", with "International" replacing "Metropolitan" four years later. Today it is rare to see the Wold-Chamberlain portion of the name used anywhere.
Ground was broken for the current Terminal 1 building on October 26, 1958. The US $8.5 million, 600,000 square foot (56,000 m2) terminal with 24 gates on two concourses was designed by Lyle George Landstrom who worked for Cerny Associates. The terminal, then referred to as the New Terminal, was completed on January 13, 1962, and operations began on January 21. Pier D (formerly the Gold Concourse, now Concourse C) was completed in 1971 and Pier A (formerly the Green Concourse, now Concourse G) was completed in 1972 as part of an expansion of the terminal designed by Cerny Associates. This project also involved rebuilding the existing concourses into bi-level structures equipped with holding rooms and jet bridges. The Gold Concourse was expanded in 1986 and included the airport's first moving walkway. Concourses A and B opened on June 1, 2002, as part of a $250 million terminal expansion designed by Minneapolis-based Architectural Alliance. The final component of the project included a $17.5 million extension of Concourse C consisting of six additional gates, which opened on October 31, 2002.
Terminal 2 was first built in 1986 and then rebuilt in 2001. It is used mostly for charter and low cost airlines, including Minnesota-based Sun Country and Southwest, but is also used for Condor, Icelandair and JetBlue. The terminal has since been expanded and has a total of 14 gates. The colored labeling system for concourses in both terminals was replaced beginning in 2000 with the current system of lettered concourses.
Due in part to aircraft noise in south Minneapolis and surrounding suburbs, proposals were made in the 1990s to build a new airport on the fringes of the Twin Cities metro in Dakota County to handle larger jets and more international traffic. Minneapolis and other neighboring cities were concerned that such a move would have a negative economic impact, so an arrangement was made where the Metropolitan Airports Commission would outfit many homes in the vicinity of the airport with sound insulation and air conditioning so that indoor noise could be reduced. A citizen group named ROAR (Residents Opposed to Airport Racket) was created in 1998 and helped push the MAC to make these concessions. Later, in 2004, the MAC voted to reduce funding for the soundproofing projects, saying in part that the economic climate had turned in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Minneapolis Mayor R. T. Rybak, who had been a founding member of ROAR, promised that the city would challenge the changes. In 2005, the cities of Minneapolis, Eagan, and Richfield and the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority filed a lawsuit against the MAC, which was settled with a Consent Decree in 2007. The terms in the Consent Decree specified levels of sound insulation for homes within a fixed boundary of projected aircraft noise exposure around MSP. Upon the completion of the noise mitigation program in 2014, more than 15,000 single-family homes and 3,303 multi-family units around MSP were provided noise mitigation at cost of $95 million. 
Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport is the only major airport in the United States to have two terminals located on entirely separate roadway systems. Originally known as the Lindbergh and Humphrey terminals, numeric designations were added to the names and highway signs and other way-finding aids related to MSP were updated in 2010 in order to assist travelers in locating the terminals. 
The terminal buildings are directly located off of Minnesota State Highway 5. Several other major highways that border the airport are Minnesota State Highway 62, Minnesota State Highway 77, and Interstate 494.
Metro Transit operates bus route 54 to MSP. The bus stop is located at Terminal 1. Passengers arriving in Terminal 2 must take the light rail to the bus stop location.
The METRO light rail Blue Line has stops at both the Hub Building Terminal 1 (Lindbergh Station) and Terminal 2 Humphrey Terminal (Humphrey Station). It connects the airport with downtown Minneapolis as well as with the Mall of America in nearby Bloomington and operates as a shuttle service between the two airport terminals. Travelers can use the rail line to go between the two sites at all times; it is the only part of the line that operates continuously through the night (the rest shuts down for about four hours early in the morning). Two parallel tunnels for the line run roughly 70 feet (21 meters) below the airport and at 1.7 mi (2.7 km) in length are the longest tunnels on the route. The Terminal 1 station is the only underground station on the line, as the rails return to the surface near Terminal 2. Due to current concerns about terrorism, a great deal of effort went into ensuring that the tunnels are highly blast-resistant. The underground portion was the costliest section of the entire rail project.
The Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport Joint Air Reserve Station at MSP is home to the 934th Airlift Wing (934 AW), an Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) unit and the 133d Airlift Wing (133 AW) of the Minnesota Air National Guard. Both units fly the C-130 Hercules and are operationally-gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). The 934th consists of over 1,300 military personnel, of which approximately 250 are full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel. The 133rd is similarly manned, making for a total military presence of over 2,600 full-time and part-time personnel.
The 934 AW serves as the "host" wing for the installation, which also includes lodging/billeting, officers club, Base Exchange (BX) and other morale, welfare and recreation (MWR) facilities for active, reserve/national guard and retired military personnel and their families.
|Air Canada Express||Toronto-Pearson|||
|Air France||Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle|||
|Alaska Airlines|| Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma|
|Allegiant Air|| Asheville (begins October 7, 2021), Destin/Fort Walton Beach (begins October 1, 2021), Phoenix/Mesa (begins November 24, 2021), Punta Gorda (FL) (begins October 8, 2021) |
Seasonal: West Palm Beach (begins October 7, 2021)
|American Airlines||Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, Phoenix-Sky Harbor|||
|American Eagle||Chicago-O'Hare, Miami, New York-LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington-National|||
|Boutique Air||Ironwood (ends September 30, 2021)|||
|Delta Air Lines|| Albuquerque, Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Billings, Bismarck, Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Calgary, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbus-Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Duluth, Fairbanks, Fargo, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL) (resumes December 19, 2021), Kansas City, Las Vegas, London-Heathrow (resumes November 1, 2021), Los Angeles, Madison, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Missoula, Nashville, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Omaha, Orange County, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul-Incheon (resumes October 30, 2021), Sioux Falls, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Tokyo-Haneda (resumes October 30, 2021), , Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, Winnipeg |
Seasonal: Albany, Appleton, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman, Green Bay, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Memphis, Montego Bay, Nassau, Palm Springs, Portland (ME), Providence, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Tucson, West Palm Beach
|Delta Connection|| Aberdeen (SD), Appleton, Baltimore, Bemidji, Billings, Bismarck, Bozeman, Brainerd, Buffalo, Calgary, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charlotte, Chicago-Midway, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus-Glenn, Dayton, Des Moines, Duluth, Edmonton, Escanaba, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Wayne, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Forks, Grand Rapids, Great Falls, Green Bay, Hartford, Helena, Hibbing/Chisholm, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis (ends October 11, 2021), International Falls, Iron Mountain, Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Knoxville, La Crosse, Lansing, Lexington, Lincoln, Louisville, Madison, Marquette, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minot, Missoula, Moline/Quad Cities, Mosinee/Wausau, Newark, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rapid City, Rhinelander, Richmond, Rochester (MN), Saginaw, San Antonio, Saskatoon, Sault Ste. Marie (MI), Sioux Falls, South Bend, St. Louis, Tri-Cities (WA), Tulsa, Washington-Dulles, Wichita, Williston |
Seasonal: Albany, Charleston (SC), Harlingen, Myrtle Beach, Savannah, Traverse City
|Ironwood (begins October 1, 2021), Thief River Falls|||
|Frontier Airlines|| Denver, Las Vegas|
Seasonal: Austin, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, Trenton
|JetBlue||Boston, New York-JFK|||
|Southwest Airlines|| Austin, Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Dallas-Love, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Nashville, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, St. Louis|
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Orlando, Tampa
|Spirit Airlines|| Atlanta, Baltimore, Detroit, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Orlando|
Seasonal: Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Tampa
| Cancún, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, Newark, Orange County, Orlando, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa |
Seasonal: Anchorage, Aruba, Asheville (begins October 7, 2021), Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Boston, Bozeman, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cozumel, Fairbanks, Fort Lauderdale, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Cayman (begins December 18, 2021), Gulfport/Biloxi, Harlingen, Hartford, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Jackson Hole, Liberia (CR), Madison, Mazatlán, Miami, Milwaukee, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nassau, New Orleans, Palm Springs, Philadelphia, Phoenix/Mesa (begins November 24, 2021), Portland (ME), Providence, Providenciales (begins December 18, 2021), Punta Cana, Punta Gorda (FL) (begins October 8, 2021), Raleigh/Durham, Roatán, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, Sarasota, Savannah, St. Louis, St. Petersburg/Clearwater (begins November 25, 2021), St. Thomas, Tucson, West Palm Beach (begins October 7, 2021)
|United Airlines|| Chicago-O'Hare, Denver|
|United Express||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, Washington-Dulles|||
|Amazon Air||Cincinnati, Fort Worth/Alliance, Lakeland, Wilmington|
|DHL Aviation||Cincinnati, Detroit, Omaha, Thief River Falls, Winnipeg|
| Appleton, Chicago-O'Hare, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Milwaukee|
Seasonal: Columbus-Rickenbacker, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland, Rochester (MN), St. Louis
|FedEx Feeder||Bemidji, Duluth, Memphis, Thief River Falls|
|UPS Airlines|| Alexandria, Bemidji, Brainerd, Chicago/Rockford, Detroit Lakes, Duluth, Fergus Falls, Grand Rapids, International Falls, La Crosse, Louisville, Marshall, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Rice Lake, Thief River Falls, Wadena, Winnipeg, Winona|
Seasonal: Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Milwaukee, Ontario, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Sioux Falls
|1||Denver, Colorado||489,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, United|
|2||Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Arizona||474,000||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|3||Atlanta, Georgia||422,000||Delta, Spirit|
|4||Orlando, Florida||389,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|5||Las Vegas, Nevada||386,000||Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|6||Fort Myers, Florida||291,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country|
|7||Los Angeles, California||285,000||Delta, Spirit, Sun Country|
|8||Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois||273,000||American, Delta, Sun Country, United|
|9||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||270,000||American, Delta, Sun Country|
|10||Seattle/Tacoma, Washington||260,000||Alaska, Delta|
|1||Amsterdam, Netherlands||549,795||Delta, KLM|
|2||Toronto-Pearson, Canada||278,621||Air Canada, Delta|
|4||Cancún, Mexico||237,012||Delta, Sun Country|
|5||Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France||233,055||Air France, Delta|
|9||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||130,791||Delta|
|10||Seoul-Incheon, South Korea||128,755||Delta|
|1||Delta Air Lines||6,210,000||45.72%|
Media related to Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport at Wikimedia Commons